The Education System in the Russian Federation: Education Brief 2012
The system of statistical monitoring in the sphere of education, that was formed within previous years and met well the requirements of the centralized state planning and governance, but it appeared to be outdated in the post-perestroika years and could not adjust to innovative and rapid changes corresponded. For many years HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge has been actively developing scientific and methodology base for information support to education policy-making. One of the most important areas of its activity is modernization of educational statistics. This article covers the evolution of educational statistics methodology in the post-soviet period, as well as recent novelties and key challenges that researchers and statisticians - past, present and future are facing.
Many mid-income countries face a significant and challenging problem of low educational achievement. This research looks at a Full-Time Primary Schools Programme implemented in Mexico, to work out if extending the time pupils spend at school can enhance skills in language and mathematics. The results of matching plus difference-in-differences point to a positive impact on schools value-added. The effects are concentrated among poorer schools, with gains after policy adoption of 0.11 standard deviations (SD) in both subjects. However, quantile regressions show that the lowest-performance schools are not benefiting from longer school days, posing questions on programme effectiveness to improve the achievement of those who are more in need. Analysis of causal channels suggests that gains reported by the programme do not come from changes in the composition of teachers and pupils in treated schools, and that richer schools are more prone to devote the extra-time of instruction to non-core subjects, notably sports and arts.
The collective monograph includes practical and theoretical materials on the questions of innovation activity in the system of education.
Interaction of higher education and research and its evolution through last centuries is considered. Most attention is paid to nowadays tendencies in higher education system reforms
The paper presents a model of continuous profession-oriented learning in the electronic environment at organizational, technological and learning levels. The learning level involves the application of modern technologies in e-pedagogies. The educational process is being built on the bases of iterative analysis, competence assessment and individual trajectories of learning. The organizational level implies the formation of integrated knowledge space which unites community of teachers from various higher educational institutions, research organizations and business enterprises within the system of academic knowledge management. At the technological level the members and partners of the integrated knowledge space are provided with appropriate instruments within the framework of social networks to develop educational and methodological materials, to search, to capture, to accumulate and to systematize knowledge with respect to the competence model’s requirements based on ontology method. The model aims at developing the methodology for creating and maintaining the intelligence systems to generate comprehensive competences. It enables the education institutions to effectively solve the problem of enhancing the education quality and assurance to meet the requirements of the business innovative development in knowledge society.