What is first philosophy today? In Unity and Aspect, the questioning begins with a new (old) approach to metaphysics: being is implied; it is implied in everything that is; it is an implication. But then, the history of philosophy must be rethought completely – for being implies unity, and time, and the other of time, namely, aspect. The effect on the self and on self-understanding is radical: we can no longer be thought as human beings; rather, reaching back to the ancient Greek name for us (phos), Haas seeks to rearticulate us as illuminating, as illuminating ourselves and others, and as implicated in our illuminations. Unity and Aspect then provokes us to problematize words and deeds, thoughts and things – and this means reconsidering our assumptions about history and survival, meaning and universality, sensibility and intimacy, knowledge and intentionality, action and improvisation, language and truth. And if Haas suspends the privilege enjoyed by our traditional philosophical concepts, this has implications for fields as diverse as ontology and phenomenology, ethics and aesthetics, education and linguistics, law and politics.
This book constitutes extended, revised and selected papers from the 7th International Conference on Optimization Problems and Their Applications, OPTA 2018, held in Omsk, Russia in July 2018. The 27 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 73 submissions. The papers are listed in thematic sections, namely location problems, scheduling and routing problems, optimization problems in data analysis, mathematical programming, game theory and economical applications, applied optimization problems and metaheuristics.
In the last decade, advanced economies, including the euro area, experienced deflationary pressures caused by the global financial crisis of 2007‒2009 and the anti--crisis policies that followed—in particular, the new financial regulations (which led to a deep decline in the money multiplier). However, there are numerous signs in both the real and financial spheres that these pressures are disappearing. The largest advanced economies are growing up to their potential, unemployment is systematically decreasing, the financial sector is more eager to lend, and its clients—to borrow. Rapidly growing asset prices signal the possibility of similar developments in other segments of the economy. In this new macroeconomic environment, central banks should cease unconventional monetary policies and prepare themselves to head off potential inflationary pressures.
This paper argues that understanding the business environment in Russia requires putting the government front and center. In response to economic crisis and falling oil prices, the Russian government has gone on the offensive. Through the use of targeted subsidies, protectionist policies, and procedural reforms, it has worked to stem economic collapse and prop up economic production. Some of these efforts have had a tangible impact on the way business is conducted in Russia, though the list of obstacles private firms still must maneuver is sizable.
However, the most important development over the last decade has been the state’s direct takeover of valuable economic assets and the creation of massive state-owned enterprises (SOEs). This (re)nationalization jeopardizes the economic viability of many private firms by concentrating wealth and opportunities in a small group of well-connected SOEs. Private companies have adapted to this reality by devising a set of political strategies to ensure favorable treatment from the government. From mobilizing their workers during elections to running their directors for political office, these companies understand that remaining on good terms with the government is key to survival. Urgent structural reforms are needed to unwind the government’s role in the economy. Without changes, political connections will remain paramount to generating profits in Russia.
Corruption has been a constant factor in Russia’s political economy. From one era to another, the multifarious forms of corruption continue to pervade Russian politics despite sincere and insincere efforts to fight it. The election of Vladimir Putin as president in 2000 brought a new effort at consolidating and organizing authority in the country. However, far from eliminating corruption, politics of the Putin era have merely changed the form of corruption, integrating corruption into the “power vertical” through which Putin governs.
In recent years, corruption has played an ever larger role in the regime’s stability. It serves as a force to co-opt and control the political elite and to replace formal institutions with something more flexible and more amenable to the needs of a consolidated authoritarian regime. Only deep changes, such as higher levels of political competition, have a chance of reducing corruption in the long run. The approaching fourth term of President Putin will continue to increase the role of informal institutions in Russian politics, in which corruption plays an increasingly large role in the Kremlin’s management of the political process.
In order to understand a country as large and diverse as Russia, it is extremely important to consider spatial patterns of economic development. As Russia looks for new drivers of economic growth, it is important to understand the structural conditions that have defined economic development in Russia’s regions. This report uses the Economic Potential Index (EPI) methodology to identify the conditions that drive regional development. Economic potential is the level of productivity that is possible for a region to achieve given its structural endowments, which are characteristics that are hard to alter in the short run. The methodology used in this report combines quantitative analysis of drivers of productivity across regions with in-depth case studies that focus on the role of regional governments and institutions in converting endowments into economic outcomes. This methodology generates insights that are relevant for both national and regional governments. The first chapter of this report provides an overview of regional development in Russia over the last 25 years and identifies “Russia-specific” national structural conditions that may affect regional development. The second chapter discusses the results of an assessment of economic potential at the regional level and the factors that shape it in Russia. The third chapter focuses on the role of national and regional governance, policy, and institutions in promoting economic development of the regions. The final chapter proposes policy priorities for both regional and national authorities.
Information systems in different domains, such as healthcare, tourism, banking, government and others, record operational behavior in the form of event logs. The process mining discipline offers dozens of techniques to discover, analyze, and visualize processes running in information systems, based on their event logs. The representational bias (the language for processes representation) plays an important role in the process discovery. In this work BPMN (Business Process Model and Notation) language was chosen as a representational bias and as a starting point for the process discovery, analysis and enhancement. BPMN is a common process modeling language, widely used by consultants, managers, analysts, and software engineers in various application domains. This work aims to bridge the gap between process mining techniques and BPMN. Existing techniques are often limited to a single perspective, e.g., just the control flow, subprocesses, or just resources. The goal of this work is to fully support the BPMN specification in the context of process mining and suggest a unified and integrated approach allowing for the discovery, analysis and enhancement of hierarchical high-level BPMN models. The approach proposed in this thesis is supported by tools that enable users to analyze discovered processes in BPMN-compliant tools and even automate their executions, using existing BPMN engines.
The twentieth century began with a deep identity crisis of European parliamentarianism, pluralism, rationalism, individualism, and liberalism―and a following political revolt against the West’s emerging open societies and their ideological foundation. In its radicalism, this upheaval against Western values had far-reaching consequences across the world, the repercussions of which can still be felt today. Germany and Russia formed the center of this insurrection against those ideas and approaches usually associated with the West. Leonid Luks’s essays deal with the various causes and results of these Russian and German anti-Western revolts for twentieth-century Europe. The book also touches upon the development of the peculiar post-Soviet Russian regime that, after the collapse of the USSR, emerged on the ruins of the Bolshevik state that had been established in 1917. What were the determinants of the erosion of the “second” Russian democracy that was briefly established, after the disempowerment of the CPSU in August 1991, until the rise of Vladimir Putin? Further foci of this wide-ranging study include the specific geopolitical trap in which Poland—constrained by its two powerful neighbors—was caught for centuries. Finally, Luks explores the special relationship that all three countries of Central and Eastern Europe’s "fateful triangle" had with Judaism and the Jews.
Control of Discrete-Time Descriptor Systems takes an anisotropy-based approach to the explanation of random input disturbance with an information-theoretic representation. It describes the random input signal more precisely, and the anisotropic norm minimization included in the book enables readers to tune their controllers better through the mathematical methods provided. The book contains numerous examples of practical applications of descriptor systems in various fields, from robotics to economics, and presents an information-theoretic approach to the mathematical description of coloured noise. Anisotropy-based analysis and design for descriptor systems is supplied along with proofs of basic statements, which help readers to understand the algorithms proposed, and to undertake their own numerical simulations. This book serves as a source of ideas for academic researchers and postgraduate students working in the control of discrete-time systems. The control design procedures outlined are numerically effective and easily implementable in MATLAB®
Preface It’s not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent, but the one most responsive to change. —Charles Darwin We live in an era of rapid and unprecedented change. Driven by technological innovation and changes in the way we deliver services, the face of healthcare is undergoing a metamorphosis, shifting into a more person-based, technologically enabled, evidence-based, and responsive system. That is the theory, at least. But are health systems that are changing according to these plans heralding transformative change? And what do some of the best thinkers believe is the prole of their health system over the next 5–15 years? We believe this book represents the best attempt yet to answer those thorny questions. Very few people could reach into the health systems of 152 countries and territories and orchestrate a book of this magnitude. Jeffrey Braithwaite, as series editor, accompanied by regional editors, Russell Mannion, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Paul G. Shekelle, Stuart Whittaker, and Samir Al-Adawi, and supported by an extremely knowledgeable team at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, particularly Dr. Wendy James and Kristiana Ludlow, were just the team to accomplish this. The omnibus they have created is an invaluable source of predictions about the future scope and shape of health systems across low-, middle-, and highincome countries. It is a treasure trove of important information. People will use it as a practical guide to the future in many ways: it can be read for benet and learning by region, by theme, and by specic case study exemplars of the kinds of reforms people are enacting in their health systems, extrapolated across the medium-term time horizon. Most books do not do this. The fact that this group has been able to achieve this is an endorsement of the skills, efforts, ingenuity, and expertise of the editors, editorial team, and individual chapter authors. We commend this book and recommend it as a must-read to many stakeholder groups: students of the system, policy-makers, planners, futurists, and groups representing managers, clinicians, and patients—in fact, all those who have an interest in healthcare and its future success. We enjoyed dipping xii Preface into it and thinking about its many learning points. We are sure others will too. Wendy Nicklin RN, BN, MSc(A), CHE, FACHE, FISQua, ICD.D President, International Society for Quality in Health Care Clifford F. Hughes AO, MBBS, DSc, FRACS, FACS, FACC, FIACS (Hon), FAAQHC, FCSANZ, FISQua, AdDipMgt, Immediate Past President, International Society for Quality in Health Care
This volume contains proceedings of the first Workshop on Data Analysis in Medicine held in May 2017 at the National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow. The volume contains one invited paper by Dr. Svetla Boytcheva, 6 regular contributions and 2 project proposals, carefully selected and reviewed by at least two reviewers from the international program commit- tee. The papers accepted for publication report on different aspects of analysis of medical data, among them treatment of data on particular diseases (Consoli- dated mathematical growth model of Breast Cancer CoMBreC, Artificial neural networks for prediction of final height in children with growth hormone deficiency), methods of data analysis (analysis of rare diseases, methods of machine learning and Big Data, subgroup discovery for treatment optimization), and instrumental tools (explanation-oriented methods of data analysis in medicine, information support features of the medical research process, modeling frame- work for medical data semantic transformations, radiology quality management and peer-review system). Organizers of the workshop would like to thank the reviewers for their careful work and all contributors and participants of the workshop.
This paper drew extensively on the research under the Basic Research Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics. The authors appreciate having been able to use the results of the research done together with Shishkin S., Director of the Center for Health Policy of HSE. The authors are grateful for valuable peer review comments provided by Dorota Nowak, Owen Smith and Somil Nagpal. This paper was produced under the overall guidance of Daniel Cotlear, Enis Baris and Andras Horvai.
The traditional narrative of the Russian Civil War is one of revolution against counterrevolution, Bolshevik Reds against Tsarist Whites. Liudmila Novikova convincingly demonstrates, however, that the struggle was not between a Communist future and a Tsarist past; instead, it was a bloody fight among diverse factions of a modernizing postrevolutionary state. Focusing on the sparsely populated Arkhangelsk region in Northern Russia, she shows that the anti-Bolshevik government there, which held out from 1918 to early 1920, was a revolutionary alternative bolstered by broad popular support. Novikova draws on declassified archives and sources in both Russia and the West to reveal the White movement in the North as a complex social and political phenomenon with a distinct regional context. She documents the politics of the Northern Government and its relations with the British and American forces who had occupied the ports of Murmansk and Arkhangelsk at the end of World War I. As the civil war continued, the increasing involvement of the local population transformed the conflict into a ferocious "people's war" until remaining White forces under General Evgenii Miller evacuated the region in February 1920.
While workers movements have been largely phased out and considered out-dated in most parts of the world during the 1990s, the 21st century has seen a surge in new and unprecedented forms of strikes and workers organisations. The collection of essays in this book, spanning countries across global South and North, provides an account of strikes and working class resistance in the 21st century. Through original case studies, the book looks at the various shades of workers’ movements, analysing different forms of popular organisation as responses to new social and economic conditions, such as restructuring of work and new areas of investment.
The materials of The International Scientific – Practical Conference is presented below.
The Conference reflects the modern state of innovation in education, science, industry and social-economic sphere, from the standpoint of introducing new information technologies.
It is interesting for a wide range of researchers, teachers, graduate students and professionals in the field of innovation and information technologies.
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 13th International Computer Science Symposium in Russia, CSR 2018, held in Moscow, Russia, in May 2018.
The 24 full papers presented together with 7 invited lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from 42 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics such as algorithms and data structures; combinatorial optimization; constraint solving; computational complexity; cryptography; combinatorics in computer science; formal languages and automata; algorithms for concurrent and distributed systems; networks; and proof theory and applications of logic to computer science.
MWENT-2018, the first Moscow Workshop on Electronic and Networking Technologies that is just started but is supposed to be a premium international conference fully sponsored by the IEEE Russia Central Section and Electron Devices Society of the IEEE. The uniqueness of MWENT among first-class international conferences is that it is held in rapidlygrowing place providing opportunities for exchanging information and ideas in electronic and networking field. The MWENT Workshop Technical Program Committee has established the level of the event to connect scientists with professionals, encourage students and young professionals to do research and support the transfer of research results into industry and supporting activities. They want to keep an appropriate environment for development of national Electron industry and society in general. The papers, sessions and keynote presentations have been selected to highlight both the longestablished fields in electronic and networking technologies and the newer areas as optoelectronics where micro- and nanoelectronics will contribute substantially to the well-being of mankind.
Because the conference is limited to three days, it was necessary to reject almost twice as many papers contributed. The final selection was made by the program committee team at online meetings, who worked diligently to evaluate over 350 papers. Proceedings contains the full-length papers of all invited and regular papers followed by all the MWENT contributed papers grouped by Sessions. The selected papers are organized in four parallel tracks of Sessions made of 5 to 7 papers grouped around topics of MWENT namely: wireless communication circuits and systems, control systems, RF circuits, networks, data converters, sensors, and micro- and nanosystems.
"Zholkovsky’s work—vast in scope and eclectic in methodology—has long been humanizing semiotics in both the Russian and American academy, giving it a face, a sense of humor, a stake in the real worlds we live by, but never losing its structuralist bedrock. The essays collected here, which range from Pushkin to Fyodor Karamazov, Okudzhava and Sedakova, from Peter the Great’s scandals abroad to Russian literary theory and filmmaking at home, are a goldmine by leading Slavists in North America, Europe, and Russia. A huge book of brilliant nuggets, it lights up the contours of our field today while paying perfect vignette-like tribute to Alik’s long non-conformist career, as fascinating and inscrutably flexible as it was often perilous.” (By Caryl Emerson). *** “This book is a wonderful gift not only for the 'jubilee celebrant' (for AZ it is impossible to imagine this phrase without quotes), but for all of us. The variety of topics, genres and authors might seem surprising were it not for the fact that this variety reflects the character of the book’s addressee. Its content, better than any manifesto or theoretical treatise, brings us good news: that a lack of intellectual inhibition, an unrestricted field of vision, and an enthusiasm that does not cloy are all so becoming to scholarship that, in essence, has as its sole palpable subject the infinity of creative choices. I have always liked Mayakovsky’s neologism: 'Do not jubilee!' (He himself, though, was very much concerned with his own anniversaries.) A / Z is completely devoid of the sedate smoothness of octogenaric jubilees, but it has a lot of panache and a spirit of intellectual adventure, and most importantly, fun. In this, the book bears a striking resemblance to its addressee.” (By Boris Gasparov).
We compute the differential Poisson’s ratio of a suspended two-dimensional crystalline membrane embedded into a space of large dimensionality . We demonstrate that, in the regime of anomalous Hooke’s law, the differential Poisson’s ratio approaches a universal value determined solely by the spatial dimensionality , with a power-law expansion , where . Thus, the value predicted in previous literature holds only in the limit .
We study the quantum corrections to the conductivity of the two-dimensional disordered interacting electron system in the diffusive regime due to inelastic scattering off rare magnetic impurities. We focus on the case of very different g factors for electrons and magnetic impurities. Within the Born approximation for the inelastic scattering off magnetic impurities we find additional temperature-dependent corrections to the conductivity of the Altshuler-Aronov type. Our results demonstrate that the low-temperature transport in interacting disordered electron systems with rare magnetic impurities is more interesting than it was commonly believed on the basis of treatment of magnetic impurity spins as classical ones.
The stranger is strange, the xenos is xenikos. What is strange, however, is captured neither by the fear of the presence of an original corruption, a non-Greek at the presumed origin of Greek philosophy, which would threaten its privilege; nor by the presence of an êthos in general that allows for hospitality towards the xenos, understood as both guest and host. Rather, that which is most strange about the xenos and its êthos is that which never simply presents itself—and that is what Heraclitus “implies” in saying: êthos anthrôpô daimôn. Thus, the origin of the origin of the hatred of the xenos is the strangeness of implication (which is the strangeness of being, and of our being, and of the being of the xenos and its êthos), which has implications for how we think about the stranger, and how we act towards the implied strangeness of the stranger.
What does it mean to be sensitive to another? How can we become sensitized to the other? One way—Levinas’ example—is with a kiss, with the ambiguity of a kiss that exposes us to another kind of sensibility, makes us susceptible to the proximity of the other, vulnerable to the trace of an absence qua absent, the approach qua approach. And this is a praxis that resists the history of philosophy’s attempt to disambiguate the kiss, and that steps back from the desensitized violence of translating the saying of an infinite alterity into a finite said. For the ambiguity signifies that which metaphysics as onto-henology cannot think, namely, the other of being, and the kiss that is otherwise than being. But if we are to become sensitized to such an otherness, it is by kissing in such a way that we—taking a clue from what Levinas finds in language—think the verbality of the verb, that is, the tense and aspect of the kiss. We sensitize ourselves thereby, to a way of kissing otherwise, a praxis that allows the ambiguity of a kiss to signify, not merely the presence, but far more the absence of the other—and verbalize thereby, the otherness of the other. Or does it? For the ambiguity of the kiss could also imply another way of verbalizing, one in which the verb is neither present nor absent, but implied—and this sensitizes us to a way of kissing that suspends the presence and absence of the one who is supposed to be kissed, and suspends the act of kissing itself, even suspends any possibility of sensitization whatsoever. We are then left with the problem of kissing, and that which is implied by the ambiguity of the kiss.
Facing the profound transformations generated by the forthcoming Fourth Industrial Revolution, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV) may not turn out to be among its beneficiaries. The research question of this paper is why Vietnam’s system of higher education is not able to effectively respond to the challenges resulting from the disruptive technologies. While selective aspects of this problem have been captured by K. Schwab, G. Sheridan, D. Taglioni, M. Hayden, S. Ryazantsev, N. Kuznetsov, Huynh Phu, Le Thi Kim Anh, Nguyen Hong Minh and other researchers, a cutting-edge study focusing on the ability of Vietnam’s education system to timely and comprehensively respond to the upcoming transformations has been absent thus far. The academic novelty of this paper is its analytical prism linking the identification of the presumed repercussions of the Fourth Industrial Revolution upon Vietnam with the readiness of the SRV’s system of higher education to make use of them to the country’s greatest advantage. The approach to the research question represents the synergy of qualitative and quantitative methods. The study is founded on primary sources and includes materials published by the SRV’s Ministry of Planning and Investment, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the SRV, Vietnam’s higher education institutions, speeches and interviews with Vietnamese government officials, and statistical data. The principal findings of the study represent the identification of the potential of Vietnam’s higher education system to meet the challenges stemming from the Fourth Industrial Revolution, while taking into account its accumulated shortcomings and the present preparedness to be involved in the worldwide digital teaching and learning environment.
A numerical model is developed that allows tracing the time evolution of a current sheet from a relatively thick current configuration with isotropic distributions of the pressure and temperature in an extremely thin current sheet, which plays a key role in geomagnetic processes. Such a configuration is observed in the Earth’s magnetotail in the stage preceding a large-scale geomagnetic disturbance (substorm). Thin current sheets are reservoirs of the free energy released during geomagnetic disturbances. The time evolution of the components of the pressure tensor caused by changes in the structure of the current sheet is investigated. It is shown that the pressure tensor in the current sheet evolves in two stages. In the first stage, a current sheet with a thickness of eight to ten proton Larmor radii forms. This stage is characterized by the plasma drift toward the current sheet and the Earth and can be described in terms of the Chu–Goldberger–Low approximation. In the second stage, an extremely thin current sheet with an anisotropic plasma pressure tensor forms, due to which the system is maintained in an equilibrium state. Estimates of the characteristic time of the system evolution agree with available experimental data.
The spatial distributions of the magnetic field, plasma density, and current at distances of (20−400)RS from the Sun (where RS is the solar radius) are investigated within a stationary axisymmetric MHD model of the solar wind (SW) at all latitudes in the inertial frame of reference with the origin at the center of the Sun. The model takes into account differential (with respect to the heliolatitude) rotation of the Sun and full corotation of plasma inside a boundary sphere of radius 20RS, which breaks down beyond this sphere. Self-consistent distributions of the plasma density, current, and magnetic field in the SW are obtained by numerically solving a set of time-independent MHD equations in spherical coordinates. It is demonstrated that the calculated results do not contradict observational data and describe a gradual transition from the fast SW at high heliolatitudes to the slow SW at low heliolatitudes, as well as the steepening of the profiles of the main SW characteristics with increasing distance from the Sun. The obtained dependences extend understanding of the SW structure at low and high latitudes and agree with the well-known Parker model in the limit of a small Ampère force.
We set out to quantitatively evaluate the discordance between perceived and desired acculturation attitudes by immigrants in Russia in the eyes of host group members and consider relationships between this discordance and other intergroup attitudes. We used the coefficient of intrarater agreement as a measure of discordance between acculturation attitudes of the host population. The host population in Russia mostly preferred an assimilation-type of adjustment of immigrants but believed that immigrants prefer separation. Discordance between acculturation attitudes can have consequences for intergroup relations. Further investigation of the discordance can help to better understand the process of mutual accommodation and the evaluation of discordance can help to enhance this accommodation.
The paper examines strategically important management tool - Advanced Planning and Scheduling systems (APS systems) and their efficiency in Demanding Planning Environment. The key characteristics of Demanding Planning Environments are systematized: the uniqueness of the technological processes; high complexity and scope; limited ability to describe and low predictability; high volatility and change sensitivity. The new generation of APS systems is defined. The comparative analysis of the planning systems of several generations (MRP II, APS I, APS II) is provided. Finally, examples of implementations of the new generation APS systems at Trinicke Zelezarny, Czech Republic; TimkenSteel, USA; VSMPO-AVISMA Corporation, Russia are provided.
Dynamics of solitons is considered in the framework of the extended nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE), which is derived from a system of Zakharov's type for the interaction between high- and low-frequency (HF and LF) waves, in which the LF field is subject to diffusive damping. The model may apply to the propagation of HF waves in plasmas. The resulting NLSE includes a pseudo-stimulated-Raman-scattering (pseudo-SRS) term, i.e., a spatial-domain counterpart of the SRS term which is well known as an ingredient of the temporal-domain NLSE in optics. Also included is inhomogeneity of the spatial second-order diffraction (SOD). It is shown that the wavenumber downshift of solitons, caused by the pseudo-SRS, may be compensated by an upshift provided by the SOD whose coefficient is a linear function of the coordinate. An analytical solution for solitons is obtained in an approximate form. Analytical and numerical results agree well, including the predicted balance between the pseudo-SRS and the linearly inhomogeneous SOD
We propose a new machine learning concept called Randomized Machine Learning, in which model parameters are assumed random and data are assumed to contain random errors. Distinction of this approach from “classical” machine learning is that optimal estimation deals with the probability density functions of random parameters and the “worst” probability density of random data errors. As the optimality criterion of estimation, randomized machine learning employs the generalized information entropy maximized on a set described by the system of empirical balances. We apply this approach to text classification and dynamic regression problems. The results illustrate capabilities of the approach.
Russia has been reforming its political, economic and social sectors for more than 20 years now. During this time the social structure has changed significantly as have the institutes and the entire system of social relations. Russian people have changed as well – researchers frequently record processes that show dynamics of their consciousness, norms and values specifics; however, researchers often emphasize that the changes appear to be ambiguous and complicated. Russian youth is of special interest in this respect. Young Russians were and still are going through secondary socialization in conditions when their identities, norms and values are shaped during the period of ongoing country-wide transformations that overlap with the large-scale worldwide processes of globalization, international division of labor, emersion of new kinds of inequality and new risks. Besides, the country’s future will be largely determined by norms and values of today’s Russian youth, as they will set possible vectors of development that may be accepted by the population in the medium and long run.
Similarly, Western researchers have long been focusing their attention on the youth group, their changing values and attitudes as well as comparison of this group with the older generation to determine the cultural dynamics vector or explore it as an actor, for which manifestation of deviant practices is most typical. Problems of youth values and attitudes are obviously relevant to the BRIC countries as they raise the question of what transformations can be initiated by the change of values shared by the new generation, whose socialization was influenced by fundamentally different conditions vs. the older generation of their population. In this context there is no surprise that researchers from BRIC perform comparisons of different generations within the country’s population, including cross-country comparisons of generations’ value systems.
Analysis of youth identities, norms and values is an important research objective for Russia. To assess the country’s cultural dynamics vector and forecast development of modernization processes, it is essential to identify which changes in the young people reflect the processes typical for the cultural dynamics of the entire population and which relate only to young Russians; understand which changes bring the Russian youth close to the youth in other BRIC countries and which changes separate them. This chapter is trying to find the answers to these questions.
The author suggests a hypothesis that the choice of the model of integration may be a more important implication for a country’s future than estimated figures of the economic benefits and losses for the concrete branches of the national economy. The focus of the proposed paper is in outlining the basic differences between the two models of the regional integration, represented by the EAEU and the EU. Thus, the fundamental differences in the essence of the models of cooperation should determine above all the readiness of the Eastern Partnership countries (EPCs) to be aligned or eventually to enter one of the two different unions
We find that evaluation of research activity by RISC Core publications is good for all types of Russian universities and prevents different misleading practices with data manipulation in RISC like uploading to database poorly cited and viewed article collections and proceedings of student conferences via Science Index. On the other hand, Science Index is a useful instrument for correction of errors in database and linkage of missing references, so using of RISC Core for research assessment of Russian universities and research institutions can help to use it in proper way for enhancing the data quality in Russian Index of Science Citation.
Several recent bibliometrics studies have reignited the well-known debates initiated more than twenty years ago by vivid works of Per Seglen (1992; 1994; 1997). The question is whether impact factor may represent not only the citedness of a journal as a whole, but also give some estimate of individual papers’ quality published in it (different views: Larivière et al., 2016; Zhang, Rousseau & Sivertsen, 2017; Waltman & Traag, 2017; Pudovkin, 2018). This is an important and profound theme of interrelation between a part and a whole, their mutual dependency and the limits of this dependency.
To explore this research question, we analyze correlation between the average (in our case, journal impact factor, IF) and the amplitude of oscillations/deviations around this average (citations received by individual papers in the journal). This is, so to say, “indicators of the second order”, we measure the digression of the citations received by individual papers from the journal’s average.