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Of all publications in the section: 2 944
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Working paper
Sokolov P. V., Ivanova J. V. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2012. No. 08.
This article examines the relation of two models of civil science in the early modern political literature: the rhetorical science of contingency (rhetorica primaria), and mathesis politica, associated with Descartes by some early Enlightenment authors. The authors analyze the reception of the rhetorical aspect of Hobbes’s civil science with a special focus on Vico’s criticism of Hobbes’s constructivist state model, showing how Vico counters the Hobbesian ‘protosociological’ style of theorizing with his own historical way of reflecting on the social and ‘open’ structure of political action.
Added: Nov 22, 2012
Working paper
Gritsenko V. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2012. No. 6503.
The fake monster Lie algebra is determined by the Borcherds function Phi_{12} which is the reflective modular form of the minimal possible weight with respect to O(II_{2,26}). We prove that the first non-zero Fourier-Jacobi coefficient of Phi_{12} in any of 23 Niemeier cusps is equal to the Weyl-Kac denominator function of the affine Lie algebra of the root system of the corresponding Niemeier lattice. This is an automorphic answer (in the case of the fake monster Lie algebra) on the old question of I. Frenkel and A. Feingold (1983) about possible relations between hyperbolic Kac-Moody algebras, Siegel modular forms and affine Lie algebras.
Added: Mar 3, 2015
Working paper
Polyachenko S. S., Nye J. V., Bruhanov M. Economics/EC. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 78/EC/2014.
Using a large sample drawn from families in the Moscow and Moscow region which are part of the Russian RMLS longitudinal survey we observe clear links between measured 2D:4D digit ratios and a variety of life outcome measures, even with the inclusion of multiple controls. Contributing to existing empirical findings, we found statistically significant empirical associations of 2D:4D with higher educational attainment, occupational outcomes, knowledge of foreign language, smoking, engaging in sport activities and with some aspects of respondent's self-esteem. In general, the character of detected empirical associations are different for women and men, as it was documented in our previous studies.
Added: Dec 12, 2014
Working paper
Bruhanov M., Nye J. V., Polyachenko S. S. Economics/EC. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2016
Is in utero exposure to testosterone (T), measured by the second to fourth digit ratio (2D:4D), associated with lifetime educational attainment? A growing body of work finds exposure to prenatal T to be associated with aggression, physical fitness, performance in computer science, and type of occupation. However, there has not yet been substantial research its relationship with lifetime educational outcomes. Using a large sample drawn from families in Moscow and in the Moscow region from the Russian Longitudinal Measurement Survey (RLMS), we observe clear links between measured 2D:4D and the levels of education obtained by men. Statistically significant positive associations between higher 2D:4D (lower prenatal T) and higher levels of education were found, using difference in means analysis and generalized ordered logit (gologit) regressions. These findings were also robust to using a different subsample. Weaker findings were seen for women. Since many of the earlier findings have shown the benefits of higher prenatal T for achievement, the current finding of a negative effect of prenatal T on educational attainment raises interesting issues about the ambiguous effects of prenatal T and the degree to which the traits it promotes interact with different tasks and social contexts.
Added: Jun 2, 2016
Working paper
Nye J. V., Androushchak G., Desierto D. et al. Education. EDU. Высшая школа экономики, 2011. No. 01.
Exposure to prenatal androgens affects both future behavior and life choices. However, there is still relatively limited evidence on its effects on academic performance. Moreover, the predicted effect of exposure to prenatal testosterone (T) - which is inversely correlated with the relative length of the second to fourth finger lengths (2D:4D) - would seem to have ambiguous effects on academic achievement since traits like confidence, aggressiveness, or risk-taking are not uniformly positive for success in school. We provide the first evidence of a non-linear relationship between 2D:4D and academic achievement using samples from Moscow and Manila. We find that there is a quadratic relationship between high T exposure and markers of achievement such as grades or test scores and that the optimum digit ratio for women in our sample is lower (indicating higher prenatal T) than the average. The results for men are generally insignificant for Moscow but significant for Manila showing similar non-linear effects. Our work is thus unusual in that it draws from a large sample of nearly a thousand university students in Moscow and over a hundred from Manila for whom we also have extensive information on high school test scores, family background and other potential correlates of achievement. Our work is also the first to have a large cross country comparison that includes two groups with very different ethnic compositions.
Added: Aug 28, 2012
Working paper
Parusnikova A. V. Working papers by Cornell University. Cornell University, 2014. No. 1412.6690.
In the first section of this work we introduce 4-dimensional Power Geometry for second-order ODEs of a polynomial form. In the next five sections we apply this construction to the first five Painlev ́e equations.
Added: Mar 28, 2015
Working paper
Mayanskiy E. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2013. No. 5150.
We list all finite abelian groups which act effectively on smooth cubic fourfolds.
Added: Nov 19, 2013
Working paper
Bogomolov F. A., Halle L. H., Pazuki F. et al. math. arxive. Cornell University, 2016
We study Calabi-Yau threefolds fibered by abelian surfaces, in particular, their arithmetic properties, e.g., Neron models and Zariski density.
Added: Oct 11, 2016
Working paper
Gorsky E., Горский М. А. Working papers by Cornell University. Cornell University, 2011
 We construct an action of the braid group on n strands on the set of parking functions of n cars such that elementary braids have orbits of length 2 or 3. The construction is motivated by a theorem of Lyashko and Looijenga stating that the number of the distinguished bases for An singularity equals (n + 1)n−1 and thus equals the number of parking functions. We construct an explicit bijection between the set of parking functions and the set of distinguished bases, which allows us to translate the braid group action on distinguished bases in terms of parking functions. 
Added: Feb 13, 2015
Working paper
Vladimir Lebedev. Cornell University Library, 2011. No. 1112.4892v1.
We obtain a partial solution of the problem on the growth of the norms of exponential functions with a continuous phase in the Wiener algebra. The problem was posed by J.-P. Kahane at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Stockholm in 1962. He conjectured that (for a nonlinear phase) one can not achieve the growth slower than the logarithm of the frequency. Though the conjecture is still not confirmed, the author obtained first nontrivial results.
Added: Apr 12, 2012
Working paper
Kurnosov N. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2015
We prove that a generic complex deformation of a generalized Kummer variety contains no complex analytic tori.
Added: Oct 16, 2015
Working paper
Kuzminov Y. I., Yudkevich M. M. Научные доклады Института институциональных исследований. WP10. Высшая школа экономики, 2007. No. 01.
In areas of creative activity where the evaluation of efforts and results requires major expenditures, the intrinsic motivation of agents is an important factor of efficiency, whereas stringent monitoring fails to counteract opportunistic behavior. University professors are a case in point. The lack of comprehensive control and detailed regulation of professorial work that traditionally characterizes the university milieu creates an atmosphere of academic freedom that is propitious to intrinsic motivation. Academic freedom lies at the basis of the convention regulating the behavior of university administration and professors. It gives rise to an equilibrium state in which professors engage in both teaching and research, yet this equilibrium is not evolutionary stable in itself: as a rule, it is maintained by academic standards. New conditions of financing that are imposed on both the professoriate and the university administration lead to the destruction of this equilibrium and the emergence of new behavioral patterns at universities. Their characteristics depend both on external conditions (on the education market as a whole) and on internal ones (the university’s policy and the university academic environment).
Added: Mar 16, 2013
Working paper
Olga Gorelova, Lovakov A. Education. EDU. Высшая школа экономики, 2016. No. WP BRP 32/EDU/2016.
The literature on the consequences of academic inbreeding shows ambiguous results: some papers show that inbreeding positively influences research productivity, measured in the quantity and quality of publications, while others show the opposite effect. There are contradictory results both in studies of different countries and within countries. Such a variety of results makes it impossible to transfer the findings from one academic system to another, and in Russia this problem has been under explored. This paper focuses on the relationship between inbreeding and publication activity among Russian faculty members. The results, using Russian data from the Changing Academic Profession survey, showed no substantial effect of academic inbreeding on research productivity. Inbred and non-inbred faculty members do not differ substantially in terms of the probability of having publications, or how many, although for inbreds such probability is slightly higher. These results are robust for different operationalizations of inbreeding and measures of publication activity. However the absence of significant differences in the number of publications may not mean the absence of a difference in their quality. The possible explanations and limitations of the standard measures of research productivity are discussed.
Added: May 10, 2016
Working paper
Ilina K. A. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. WP BRP 81/HUM/2014.
The article presents an analysis of the practice of awarding degrees in Russia in the 1830s. The author considered legal and regulatory acts, memoirs and archival documents and studied the ways of climbing the academic or bureaucratic ladders, which were open to graduates. The article describes some typical and atypical cases of degree awards. The analysis revealed the turbulent way that the state regulated this sphere, and the existence of alternative ways of acquiring an academic degree, which made it possible for a Minister of Education to interfere in the procedures for academic attestation.
Added: Dec 18, 2014
Working paper
Zarifyan M., Melnik A. A., Vyrenkova A. S. Linguistics. WP BRP. НИУ ВШЭ, 2016
This paper presents a set of drills that train students' competence in using the adjectives that belong to the semantic domain of FAR. The drills are based on and exemplify theoretical results of a study focusing around the comparison of synonymous adjectives across six languages and aim at granting students with a systematic and holistic picture of the domain in question. The training materials highlight the basic semantic parametres governing the correct lexical choice as well as the relevant distributional and grammatical patterns. Exemplified here are the drills for Russian and English languages. p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Helvetica}
Added: Dec 13, 2016
Working paper
Avram S., Popova D., Rastrigina O. EUROMOD Working Paper Series. EM. Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex, 2016. No. 7/16.
The distributional impact of policy changes is usually considered in terms of equivalised household income, assuming that each individual within the household is being affected in the same way, as a result of complete income pooling. The aim of this paper is to extend this approach by introducing a gender perspective in the analysis of policy effects. We use EUROMOD, the tax-benefit microsimulation model for the EU, to estimate the effects of changes in tax-benefit policies over the period 2008-2014 separately for men and women. The paper consists of two parts. First, we apply the standard approach based on the equal income sharing assumption but focus on lone parent families – a specific household type which makes gendered policy effects easier to observe. This analysis is performed for 18 EU countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Spain, France, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Finland and Sweden. Second, we estimate the policy effects for men and women in couples. To obtain gender specific effects, we redefine income at the individual level by allocating income components to each adult within the household according to a set of assumptions. We present three alternative scenarios of intra-household income sharing. All scenarios assume that all individual incomes (e.g. earnings, individual benefits) are retained by their recipients, while common incomes (e.g. family benefits, housing allowances) are distributed following three different sets of sharing rules, which are defined in relation to the primary and the secondary earner status. We compare the outcomes of men and women in these three scenarios and in the baseline which assumes equal income sharing. This analysis is performed for six countries which differ in terms of the degree of defamilialisation their welfare regimes provide: Belgium, the Czech Republic, Spain, France, Romania and Finland.
Added: Oct 13, 2016
Working paper
Grigoryev D. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2016. No. 58.
This  article  presents  the  results  of  a  study  on  the  relationship  of  acculturation  profiles  of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium, the duration of their stay in the host country, and their  level  of  socio-economic  adaptation.  The  data  obtained  is  the  result  of  a  socio-psychological survey of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium and was processed using latent  profile  analysis  (LPA).  It  was  obtained  from three  groups  of  immigrants  with relevant  acculturation  profiles:  integration,  assimilation  and  separation.  It  was  found  that orientation toward the host society (assimilation and integration) has a positive association with a high level of socio-economic adaptation among immigrants, but the level of socio-economic adaptation for the group of immigrants with an assimilation profile is higher than that  for  the  group  of  immigrants  with  an  integration  profile.  Also,  the level  of  socio-economic adaptation is higher for immigrants who have stayed in the host country for more than 5 years.
Added: Feb 29, 2016
Working paper
Feigin B. L., Makhlin I. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2015
We present a new combinatorial formula for Hall-Littlewood functions associated with the affine root system of type A~n−1, i.e. corresponding to the affine Lie algebra slˆn. Our formula has the form of a sum over the elements of a basis constructed by Feigin, Jimbo, Loktev, Miwa and Mukhin in the corresponding irreducible representation.Our formula can be viewed as a weighted sum of exponentials of integer points in a certain infinite-dimensional convex polyhedron. We derive a weighted version of Brion's theorem and then apply it to our polyhedron to prove the formula.
Added: Aug 7, 2015
Working paper
Sergey L. Barinov, Petr K. International Relations. IR. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2014
Euroregions is an important and quite popular mechanism of cross-border cooperation. Character of institutions development differs essentially between three groups of states, which use this mechanism: old members of the European Union; new members of the European Union (entered the EU after 2003); CIS members. This comparative research is concerned with the main circumstances of euroregions development in three areas noted above. The analyses show the fundamental differences between three Euroregion cases: Oresund, Pskov-Livonia and Dnieper. Those differences are noticeable in legislative basic, financing, cooperation issues, and even in four basic Euroregions principles realizing. Meanwhile we see that after fifteen years of copying the Euroregions in post-soviet countries the positive shifts occur in CIS members’ government perception and in the decision making process.
Added: Oct 11, 2014
Working paper
Kitrar Liudmila, Ostapkovich Georgy, Lipkind Tamara et al. Science, Technology and Innovation. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. No. 72.
This study compares Russian state information systems of industry with UN international recommendations. The harmonization of the Russian information system with successful international practices is necessary for measuring the main industrial indicator levels and dynamics in comparison with the information analogues of both cross-border and strategically important countries. This allows the estimation of the efficiency and competitiveness of Russian industry and the best decisions to be made at all levels of governance in Russia including in the technology and innovation policy sphere. The study shows that a significant number of annual, quarterly, monthly and weekly reporting forms within the Russian statistical system in the absence of a single questionnaire for obtaining comprehensive information from an enterprise and unified methodological recommendations do not solve the information gap problem. The available disaggregated information is not sufficient to analyse the quality and effectiveness of industrial policy, especially in comparison with global levels and tendencies of re-industrialization. The state statistical system needs modernization to reduce the reporting burden on enterprises and improve information transparency and comparability at the detailed level.
Added: Mar 7, 2017
Working paper
Malyshev D. Working papers by Cornell University. Cornell University, 2015
We completely determine the complexity status of the dominating set problem for hereditary graph classes defined by forbidden induced subgraphs with at most five vertices.
Added: Jun 2, 2015