The Influence of Happiness and Anxiety on Emotional Stroop Effect
Высшая школа экономики , 2022. No. 131.
The main aim of this study was to examine how happiness and anxiety influence emotional Stroop effect. According to the principle of emotion congruence, information processing is facilitated if its emotional tone matches an individual’s mood. The first hypothesis suggested that emotional Stroop effect would be greater with stimuli incongruent with a participant’s emotional state. The second hypothesis was based on two theories; the broaden-and-build theory predicting that happiness makes attention broader, and Attentional Control Theory predicting that anxiety impairs inhibition. Hence, it was suggested that emotional Stroop effect would be smaller in the happy state compared to neutral and anxious states. We used an emotional Stroop task with neutral, happy, and threatening words, music for mood induction, and the EmoS-15 questionnaire to estimate the effectiveness of mood induction. The first hypothesis was partly confirmed. Emotional Stroop effect estimated in error rates was greater for stimuli incongruent with emotional states, although this effect did not reach the conventional level of statistical significance. The second hypothesis was not confirmed. The size of emotional Stroop effect did not depend on participants’ emotional states.
, , Психологические исследования: электронный научный журнал 2023
Emotional Stroop effect is defined as a delay in reaction time or an increase in error rate while naming the color of emotional words compared to neutral words. The aim of this study was to examine how happiness and anxiety influence emotional Stroop effect. According to the principle of emotion congruence, information processing is facilitated ...
Added: October 30, 2023
, , et al., Plos One 2018 Vol. 13 No. 4 P. 1-12
Understanding the determinants of syntactic choice in sentence production is a salient topic in psycholinguistics. Existing evidence suggests that syntactic choice results from an interplay between linguistic and non-linguistic factors, and a speaker’s attention to the elements of a described event represents one such factor. Whereas multimodal accounts of attention suggest a role for different ...
Added: March 29, 2018
Background Gamma Activity in the Electroencephalogram as a Measure of the Level of Sustained (tonic) Attention during Execution of the “Active Oddball” Paradigm in rabbits
, , et al., Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology 2012 Vol. 42 No. 6 P. 567-574
Tonic brain activity has significant influences on the nature of a subject’s responses to target sensory stimuli. We report here studies of the dynamics of the background activity in the gamma-rhythm range of the EEG in rabbits during execution of an “active oddball” paradigm modified for animals – a task widely used for studies of ...
Added: December 6, 2012
, Journal of Russian and East European Psychology 2011 Vol. 49 No. 3 P. 24-39
Theoretical accounts of attention and its role in involuntary remembering are discussed within the frameworks of P.I. Zinchenko and levels of processing by Craik and Lockhart. A levels-of-attention framework is proposed on the grounds of the ideas discussed. In the experimental study participants had to perform orienting tasks with words under four different instructions implying ...
Added: January 20, 2013
, В кн. : Психология познания: сборник материалов Всероссийской научной конференции памяти Дж. С. Брунера. : Яр. : Филигрань, 2023. С. 206-209.
Целью исследования было изучение того, как счастье и тревога влияют на эмоциональный эффект Струпа. Согласно феномену эмоциональной конгруэнтности, обработка информации облегчается, если ее эмоциональная окраска совпадает эмоциональным состоянием человека. Первая гипотеза предполагала, что эмоциональный эффект Струпа будет сильнее при использовании стимулов, неконгруэнтных с эмоциональным состоянием участника. Вторая гипотеза была основана на двух теориях: broaden-and-build theory, предсказывающей, ...
Added: October 30, 2023
Сензитивность в восприятии эмоций у лиц с различной склонностью к подавлению эмоциональной экспрессии (на выборке сотрудников МВД)
, , et al., Психология и право 2021 Т. 11 № 2 С. 26-39
The article examines emotion sensitivity in policemen and its relationships with emotion suppression. It was hypothesized that individuals with high emotion suppression were less efficient in recognizing others’ negative emotions. Forty-nine policemen from the Arkhangelsk region of Russia aged from 22 to 50 took part in the study. Emotion sensitivity was measured presenting faces with ...
Added: July 1, 2021
, , et al., / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2017. No. WP BRP 81/PSY/2017.
Outcome of a behavioral response can be detected either internally at the time of the response commission, or externally through a feedback signal. In both cases, a number of brain networks that subserve cognitive control are recruited, all networks having certain distinctive signatures in electroencephalographic oscillations. Yet most studies in the field have several limitations. ...
Added: October 19, 2017
, , Современная социальная психология: теоретические подходы и прикладные исследования 2012 № 4 С. 15-24
in article discuss the development of approach to the explanation of collective action. The three models of collective action were considered consistently. In article discusses the main factors of collective behavior: social identity, group anger, group efficacy, collective disadvantage and coping strategies. ...
Added: May 9, 2013
Expression of Psychological Distress on Instagram Using Hashtags in Russian and English: A Comparative Analysis
, , et al., Sage Open 2018 P. 1-9
*Реализация соц. сети Instagram запрещена на территории России по основаниям осуществления экстремистской деятельности People have been using images to express ideas, share stories, and communicate since early history. The advent of social media has made sharing images an important part of everyday life. Among other things, social networks can be used to express psychological distress; however, ...
Added: February 18, 2019
, , et al., Gait and Posture 2024
Background Emotional states in the short term and affective impairments, such as anxiety and depression in the long run, can have a significant impact on postural control. Individuals with these conditions often struggle with maintaining balance during emotionally charged situations, which can increase their risk of falls and injuries. Biofeedback has been proposed as a ...
Added: October 26, 2023
, , Вопросы психологии 2014 № 4 С. 107-117
Многие характеристики множества объектов могут быть представлены в виде сводной статистики по всему множеству. Статистические свойства рассчитываются как глобальная характеристика множества объектов при восприятии свойств отдельных объектов. Предположительно, статистические свойства множества могут быть связаны с эффективностью зрительного поиска. Проведено экспериментальное исследование на материале зрительного поиска объекта по размеру, где изучалась зависимость скорости поиска от сходства ...
Added: October 6, 2014
Сознание и внимание в современной когнитивной науке: от «зрительных ансамблей» до укрупнения перцептивных единиц
, , Петербургский психологический журнал 2016 № 17 С. 104-124
The paper traces the intersections between the problem of attention in the classical psychology of consciousness and a set of related problems discussed in the state of the art cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Among them are issues related to the demarcation between processing which could be performed without attention and processes which require attentional involvement. ...
Added: January 9, 2017
, , Mindfulness 2020 No. 11 P. 2519-2530
Objectives: Despite being often overlapped and used interchangeably in academic literature, loving-kindness meditation (LKM) and compassion meditation (CM) are also seen to have their distinct features. As a differential approach towards LKM and CM can promote a more accurate integration of these practices into the clinical field, it is worth studying their differential effects. The ...
Added: July 13, 2020
, , et al., Plos One 2018 Vol. 10 No. 13 P. 1-18
We utilized the event-related potential (ERP) technique to study neural activity associated with different levels of working memory (WM) load during simultaneous interpretation (SI) of continuous prose. The amplitude of N1 and P1 components elicited by task-irrelevant tone probes was significantly modulated as a function of WM load but not the direction of interpretation. Furthermore, ...
Added: November 1, 2018
, Психологический журнал 2010 Т. 31 № 3 С. 25-32
Distractor's effect (stimulus which is irrelevant at a certain moment and ignored) on task solving efficiency is considered. It is revealed that according to problem situation and connection with target stimulus any distractor can produce two opposite effects: negative - interference and positive - redundancy effect. Distractor effects' classification based on one of possible grounds ...
Added: October 2, 2012
, , Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics 2018 Vol. 15 No. 2 P. 209-221
One of the topics in current psycholinguistics research is studying the factors affecting syntactic choice in sentence production. Previous research suggests that syntactic choice results from an interplay between linguistic and non-linguistic factors, and a speaker’s attention to the elements of a described event represents one such factor. It is a well-established fact that our ...
Added: September 25, 2018
Видеоролики для индукции эмоций в лабораторных условиях: нормативные данные и кросс-культурный анализ
, , Экспериментальная психология 2018 Т. 11 № 2 С. 5-15
This paper presents results of piloting nine videos eliciting happiness, sadness, and neutral state in Russian and Azerbaijani samples (N = 100, 68 Russians, 32 Azerbaijanis, mean age 20 years, 68 % females and 32 % males) for the use in laboratory experiments, three videos for each emotion. Six videos – two for each emotion ...
Added: October 4, 2018
Проявление индивидуальных особенностей темперамента в параметрах поведенческих реакций и когнитивных вызванных потенциалов в ситуации внимания
, , et al., Психологический журнал Международного университета природы, общества и человека Дубна 2012 № 3 С. 1-7
Работа посвящена изучению структуры взаимосвязей между параметрами темперамента, поведенческими данными и когнитивными вызванными потенциалами в ситуации внимания. Задача, стоящая перед испытуемыми, состояла в различении стимулов слуховой модальности при реализации методики одд-болл. Показано, что более эффективная и стабильная реакция испытуемых на целевой стимул сопровождалась рядом определенных характеристик поздних когнитивных вызванных потенциалов: меньшей амплитудой N2, большей амплитудой ...
Added: December 3, 2012
, , et al., Физиология человека (перевод) 2015 Т. 41 № 4 С. 37-43
We studied the features of cognitive functions of attention and decision making in 18 healthy subjects and 15 patients with schizophrenia with the use of pairs of two short visual stimuli (double step). In the group of patients with schizophrenia, we observed a higher number of errors and higher frequency of modified saccad ic pattern ...
Added: July 17, 2015
Distributed feature binding in the auditory modality: experimental evidence toward reconciliation of opposing views on the basis of mismatch negativity and behavioral measures
, , et al., NeuroReport 2016 Vol. 27 No. 11 P. 837-842
Current understanding of feature binding remains controversial. Studies involving mismatch negativity (MMN) measurement show a low level of binding, whereas behavioral experiments suggest a higher level. We examined the possibility that the two levels of feature binding coexist and may be shown within one experiment. The electroencephalogram was recorded while participants were engaged in an ...
Added: August 31, 2016
Event-related potential study of P2 and N2 components on fast and slow responses in the auditory condensation task
, , / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "PSYCHOLOGY". 2016. No. WP BRP 70/PSY/2016.
In tasks involving response choice based on certain stimulus-to-response mappings, at least two stages of information processing may be involved: (1) formation of sensory stimulus object representations leading to stimulus identification, and (2) application of stimulus-to-response mappings (i.e. “task rules”) to these representations leading to response selection. Most of the research done in this area ...
Added: December 25, 2016
, , et al., Acta Psychologica 2020 Vol. 208 P. 103107
Inhibition of return (IOR) represents a delay in responding to a previously inspected location and is viewed as a crucial mechanism that sways attention toward novelty in visual search. Although most visual processing occurs in retinotopic, eye-centered, coordinates, IOR must be coded in spatiotopic, environmental, coordinates to successfully serve its role as a foraging facilitator. ...
Added: October 22, 2019
, , Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 2016 Vol. 19 No. 5 P. 1079-1094
This study explores the hypothesis that language of testing and mood states can influence creativity in bilinguals. Arabic-English bilingual speakers were induced into positive or negative mood states using film clips and recall-of-events procedures. Then, participants’ creativity was assessed with the Abbreviated Torrance Test for Adults. Participants were tested in either English or Arabic. A ...
Added: July 23, 2019
, Journal of Vision 2013 Vol. 13 No. 3 P. 1-14
Four experiments were performed to examine the hypothesis that abstract, nonspatial, statistical representations of object numerosity can be used for attentional guidance in a feature search task.Participants searched for an odd-colored target among distractors of one, two, or three other colors. An enduring advantage of large over small sets (i.e., negative slopes of search functions) was ...
Added: July 30, 2013