Метод регистрации и анализа ответов испытуемых по траектории движения компьютерной мыши: можно ли сшить семь шапок из одной шкуры?
Medvedev V., Razorenova A., Tyulenev N. B., Халмуратов Р., Chernyshev B. V.
Experiments involving participant’s response recording by way of pressing buttons are quite common. This simple method allows estimation of such crucial parameters as response time and response correctness. However, more detailed analysis of behavioral responses is needed in some cases. Crucial aspects within the cognitive control research field include the conflict before decision-making, error detection after response commission and internal uncertainty. The present research was carried out to validate and estimate the informativeness of a new response recording method using mouse tracking. Erroneous responses versus correct responses during performance of the auditory condensation task were analyzed and then compared with the results of a previous similar experiment where buttons were used for response recording. It was found that the time of starting mouse movements corresponds to response times measured by way of participants pressing a button. In addition, several parameters of mouse cursor trajectories were proposed as indirect measures of participant’s certainty, including mouse movement time, track curvature (deviation from a linear one), start angle and start velocity of mouse cursor, and finishing angle of response. The obtained results allow us to conclude that the response recording method using the mouse tracking technique provide highly informative behavioral data which can help to detect internal uncertainty. Thus, the new method of response recording appears to be very useful for cognitive control research.
Буки Веди, 2017
, , et al., Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2017 Vol. 11 No. 218 P. 218-1-218-16
Cognitive control includes maintenance of task-specific processes related to attention, and non-specific regulation of motor threshold. Depending upon the nature of the behavioral tasks, these mechanisms may predispose to different kinds of errors, with either increased or decreased response time of erroneous responses relative to correct responses. Specifically, slow responses are related to attentional lapses ...
Added: December 25, 2016
Когнитивный контроль: новые мозговые механизмы, выявленные с помощью частотно-временного анализа электроэнцефалограммы при выполнении экспериментальной задачи с высокой нагрузкой на внимание
, , et al., В кн.: Когнитивная наука в Москве: новые исследования. Материалы конференции 15 июня 2017 г.. .: Буки Веди, 2017.. С. 393-397.
Cognitive control includes specific maintenance of sustained attention to a stimulus and non-specific regulation of a motor threshold. Failures in each system lead to different types of errors, associated with attentional lapses and uncertainty or dysfunction of the motor threshold. Subsequent adaptive adjustments can be implemented through two different mechanisms, depending on the type of error. Two experiments were ...
Added: June 30, 2017
Cognitive control: novel brain mechanisms revealed by time-frequence analysis of the electroencephalogram under experimental tasks involving high attentional load
, , et al., , in: International Congress "Neuroscience for Medicine and Psychology", Sudak, Crimea, Russia, May 30-June 10, 2017. .: [б.и.], 2017.. P. 445-446.
Cognitive control includes maintenance of task-specific processes related to attention, and non-specific regulation of motor threshold. Generally, two different kinds of errors may occur, with some errors related to attentional lapses and decision uncertainty, and some errors – to failures of sustaining motor threshold. Error commission leads to adaptive adjustments in brain networks that subserve ...
Added: June 11, 2017
Event-related potential study of P2 and N2 components on fast and slow responses in the auditory condensation task
, , Event-related potential study of P2 and N2 components on fast and slow responses in the auditory condensation task / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "PSYCHOLOGY". 2016. No. WP BRP 70/PSY/2016.
In tasks involving response choice based on certain stimulus-to-response mappings, at least two stages of information processing may be involved: (1) formation of sensory stimulus object representations leading to stimulus identification, and (2) application of stimulus-to-response mappings (i.e. “task rules”) to these representations leading to response selection. Most of the research done in this area ...
Added: December 25, 2016
Мозговые механизмы когнитивного контроля: электроэнцефалографическое исследование с применением частотно-временного анализа.
, , et al., В кн.: Материалы XXIII съезда Физиологического общества им. И. П. Павлова (18-22 сентября 2017 г., г. Воронеж). .: Воронеж: Истоки, 2017.. С. 980-982.
Cognitive control is a set of processes that are responsible for flexible goal-directed behaviour. We did a series of electroencephalographic experiments during the auditory condensation task. The findings obtained allow distinguishing three brain networks that carry out adaptive processes after error commission. We also show that increased response time is associated with lower level of ...
Added: October 27, 2017
, , et al., Theta, alpha and beta band modulations during auditory condensation task performance / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2017. No. WP BRP 81/PSY/2017.
Outcome of a behavioral response can be detected either internally at the time of the response commission, or externally through a feedback signal. In both cases, a number of brain networks that subserve cognitive control are recruited, all networks having certain distinctive signatures in electroencephalographic oscillations. Yet most studies in the field have several limitations. ...
Added: October 19, 2017
Distributed feature binding in the auditory modality: experimental evidence toward reconciliation of opposing views on the basis of mismatch negativity and behavioral measures
, , et al., NeuroReport 2016 Vol. 27 No. 11 P. 837-842
Current understanding of feature binding remains controversial. Studies involving mismatch negativity (MMN) measurement show a low level of binding, whereas behavioral experiments suggest a higher level. We examined the possibility that the two levels of feature binding coexist and may be shown within one experiment. The electroencephalogram was recorded while participants were engaged in an ...
Added: August 31, 2016
Применение частотно-временного анализа электроэнцефалограммы к исследованию внутренних механизмов когнитивного контроля
, , et al., В кн.: Процедуры и методы экспериментально-психологических исследований. .: Институт психологии РАН, 2016.. С. 86-92.
В настоящее время, с развитием математических методов и компьютерной техники, частотно-временной анализ электроэнцефалограммы (ЭЭГ) часто применяется для психофизиологического анализа механизмов психических процессов, т.к. он позволяет судить о внутренней организации психических процессов, о составляющих их компонентах и о временной организации событий. Настоящая работа посвящена применению частотно-временного анализа ЭЭГ к исследованию процессов когнитивного контроля. Успешное выполнение когнитивных ...
Added: December 7, 2016
Feature binding under holistic object perception: the interplay of bottom-up and top-down brain mechanisms
, , et al., , in: International Congress "Neuroscience for Medicine and Psychology", Sudak, Crimea, Russia, May 30-June 10, 2017. .: [б.и.], 2017.. P. 446-446.
Feature binding is believed to be critical for perception, while brain mechanisms of this process are still under debate. Studies measuring mismatch negativity (MMN) demonstrate that binding occurs at a low level of the cortical hierarchy, while behavioral experiments suggest a much higher integrative level. The current study aimed at testing the hypothesis that processing of feature conjunctions ...
Added: June 30, 2017
Response time is related to attention and certainty: evidence from response-related and feedback-related electroencephalographic oscillatory activity
, , et al., , in: 57th Society for Psychophysiological Research (SPR) Annual Meeting (October 11-15, 2017, Vienna, Austria). Vol. 54.: Wien: Psychophysiology, 2017.. P. 69-70.
RESPONSE TIME IS RELATED TO ATTENTION AND CERTAINTY: EVIDENCE FROM RESPONSE-RELATED AND FEEDBACK-RELATED ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHIC OSCILLATORY ACTIVITY Yulia M. Nurislamova, Natalia A. Zhozhikashvili, Nikita A. Novikov, Elena G. Chernysheva, Ruslan Khalmuratov, Boris V. Chernyshev National Research University Higher School of Economics Cognitive control can be viewed as an interplay between two constituent aspects: maintenance of task-specific processes related to ...
Added: October 27, 2017
More than the verbal stimulus matters: Visual attention in Language assessment for people with aphasia using multiple-choice image displays.
, , , Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 2017 Vol. 60 P. 1348-1361
Purpose: Language comprehension in people with aphasia (PWA) is frequently evaluated using multiple-choice displays: PWA are asked to choose the image that best corresponds to the verbal stimulus in a display. When a nontarget image is selected, comprehension failure is assumed. However stimulus-driven factors unrelated to linguistic comprehension may influence performance. In this study we ...
Added: June 16, 2017
Enhanced theta-band coherence between midfrontal and posterior parietal areas reflects post-feedback adjustments in the state of outcome uncertainty
, , et al., Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience 2019 Vol. 13 No. 14 P. 1-14
Medial frontal cortex is currently viewed as the main hub of the performance monitoring system; upon detection of an error committed, it establishes functional connections with brain regions involved in task performance, thus leading to neural adjustments in them. Previous research has identified targets of such adjustments in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, posterior cortical regions, ...
Added: June 10, 2019
, , et al., Физиология человека (перевод) 2015 Т. 41 № 4 С. 37-43
We studied the features of cognitive functions of attention and decision making in 18 healthy subjects and 15 patients with schizophrenia with the use of pairs of two short visual stimuli (double step). In the group of patients with schizophrenia, we observed a higher number of errors and higher frequency of modified saccad ic pattern ...
Added: July 17, 2015
, , et al., , in: Communication, Computation, and Cognitive Processes (СССР3). .: Higher School of Economics Publishing House, 2016.. P. 25-26.
Cognitive control includes two basic aspects: maintenance of task-specific processes (including attention), and non-specific control of the motor threshold. In line with this distinction, performance errors may be explained by two alternative mechanisms: fast errors are believed to result from inappropriate action impulses that were allowed due to a failure in keeping the motor threshold ...
Added: December 7, 2016
, , Российский журнал когнитивной науки 2018
This article provides a short overview of the various studies devoted to executive functions. Executive functions are “a set of general-purpose control mechanisms, often linked to the prefrontal cortex of the brain, that regulate the dynamics of human cognition and action” (Miyake, Friedman, 2012). Executive functions have gained popularity as a way to decompose into ...
Added: December 11, 2017
, Психологический журнал 2010 Т. 31 № 3 С. 25-32
Distractor's effect (stimulus which is irrelevant at a certain moment and ignored) on task solving efficiency is considered. It is revealed that according to problem situation and connection with target stimulus any distractor can produce two opposite effects: negative - interference and positive - redundancy effect. Distractor effects' classification based on one of possible grounds ...
Added: October 2, 2012
, , , The Influence of Happiness and Anxiety on Emotional Stroop Effect / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2022. No. 131.
The main aim of this study was to examine how happiness and anxiety influence emotional Stroop effect. According to the principle of emotion congruence, information processing is facilitated if its emotional tone matches an individual’s mood. The first hypothesis suggested that emotional Stroop effect would be greater with stimuli incongruent with a participant’s emotional state. The ...
Added: June 14, 2022
Проявление индивидуальных особенностей темперамента в параметрах поведенческих реакций и когнитивных вызванных потенциалов в ситуации внимания
, , et al., Психологический журнал Международного университета природы, общества и человека Дубна 2012 № 3 С. 1-7
Работа посвящена изучению структуры взаимосвязей между параметрами темперамента, поведенческими данными и когнитивными вызванными потенциалами в ситуации внимания. Задача, стоящая перед испытуемыми, состояла в различении стимулов слуховой модальности при реализации методики одд-болл. Показано, что более эффективная и стабильная реакция испытуемых на целевой стимул сопровождалась рядом определенных характеристик поздних когнитивных вызванных потенциалов: меньшей амплитудой N2, большей амплитудой ...
Added: December 3, 2012
, , Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics 2018 Vol. 15 No. 2 P. 209-221
One of the topics in current psycholinguistics research is studying the factors affecting syntactic choice in sentence production. Previous research suggests that syntactic choice results from an interplay between linguistic and non-linguistic factors, and a speaker’s attention to the elements of a described event represents one such factor. It is a well-established fact that our ...
Added: September 25, 2018
Влияние состояния «ухода в свои мысли» на выполнение слуховой конденсационной задачи: поведенческий анализ в рамках парадигмы когнитивного контроля
, , , Психология. Журнал Высшей школы экономики 2017 Т. 14 № 1 С. 167-177
The state of mind wandering is related to complete or partial detachment of attention from external information. Under this state, attention switches from the ongoing primary task towards unrelated thoughts, fantasies and feelings. Current understanding of the role of cognitive control in the initiation and sustaining the state of mind wandering is ambiguous, and specific ...
Added: August 31, 2016
, The Russian Journal of Cognitive Science 2016 Vol. 3 No. 1-2 P. 4-20
Observers are able to extract summary statistical properties, such as numerosity or the average, from spatially overlapping subsets of visuals objects. However, this ability is limited to about two subsets at a time, which may be primarily caused by the limited capacity of parallel representation of those subsets. In our study, we addressed several issues regarding subset representation. In four experiments, we presented observers with arrays of dots of one to six ...
Added: July 4, 2016
, М.: Издательский дом ЯСК, 2018
Книга посвящена одной из самых загадочных проблем психологии: а именно, проблеме существования внимания как отдельного психического процесса. Несмотря на полтора столетия дискуссий, вопрос остаётся открытым. Книга объединяет ряд теоретических и экспериментальных исследований зрительного внимания человека, выполненных в русле конструктивистского подхода к познанию, и наводит мосты между когнитивной психологией, с одной стороны, и культурно-деятельностной психологией, с ...
Added: May 31, 2018