Семантика языковых единиц разных уровней: Ежегодный сборник научных трудов
The book is a yearly almanach on Daghestanian linguistics and philology.
The paper enters the controversy between different approaches to East Caucasian relativization. In one analysis, East Caucasian relativization is constrained only by the semantic and pragmatic frame of the situation. However, our analysis of the data shows a divergence between corpus data on relativization that can only be explained in syntactic terms: Udi reflexivization prefers A over P, and Archi relativization prefers P over A. We suggest that Udi the reason of this asymmetry is that Udi morphosyntax might have been strongly influenced by the contacting accusative languages such as Azerbaijani and Armenian.
The paper focuses on certain affinities between the verbal systems of Udi – a Nakh-Daghestanian language of northern Azerbaijan, and Azerbaijani – a dominant Turkic language of the area, which has been in contact with Udi for several centuries. Among the features being considered are the opposition between the aorist and the perfect, the existence of two future tenses (one of which is an “old present”), the “young” present tense going back to the locative form of the infinitive, etc. Some of the cases undoubtedly represent the Azerbaijani influence on Udi (cf. the borrowed conditional enclitic -sa), while some of the attested similarities may represent either contact-induced or independent development.