Social innovation measurement: a room for quantitative metrics
This article elaborates on the methodological aspects of social innovation research, with a focus on an examination of the validity of quantitative scales in the identification of socially innovative non-profits (n = 850 NGOs, 2015). This elaboration is necessary due to the methodological shortcomings of existing metrics of social and general, i.e., those relating to technological and business innovations. Based on theoretical conceptualization and derived demarcation lines of the concept, a multi-item scale was generated. It was applied along with a self-assessment scale, which replicates the general innovation measurement. Both scales of an NGO’s social innovativeness resulted in appropriate validity coefficients. However, scales capture different and only partly intersecting shares of socially innovative NGOs. We propose that theoretical and self-assessment scales could be administered simultaneously to eliminate self-assessment biases and to provide empirical data on the scope and size of a sub-sector of socially innovative NGOs.
The collection contains articles by the participants of the International Scientific Conference "Social and Cultural Transformations in the Context of Contemporary Globalism" dedicated to the 80th anniversary of Turkayev Khasan Vakhitovich, which was held on February 27-29, 2020 on the basis of the V.I. I. Ibragimova in the city of Grozny RF
The article is a detailed description of the questionnaire created by the author, aimed at measuring educational activity of primary school students in the third and fourth grades. When creating techniques the author relied on the concept of A.A.Volochkov on the structure of the educational activity. There are process of creating a questionnaire, its psychometric characteristics, and the questionnaire itself.
Importance. Variety of forms of non-profit organizations, the strict legal requirement for purposes of the data according to business entities with their statutory goals causes difficulty in identifying possible to form and use the types of funding sources. Thus, the object of study in this article are the types of sources of funding for non-profit organizations prescribed by law as non-profit organizations.
Objective. The purpose of this paper is to systematize the types of sources financing of non-profit organizations on the existing forms of non-profit organizations at the legislative level. The main objectives are:
- The study of the possible types of sources of funding for nonprofit-profit organizations under civil, accounting and tax legislator-favored;
- Clarification of the conceptual apparatus of the study area;
- Grouping types of sources of funding NGOs in their fore-mothers.
Methods. The research methodology in this article is represented by such scientific methods of cognition as: analysis, synthesis, classification, logical method.
Results. The work was the preparation of, firstly, the author's classification of target financing of non-profit organizations according to the civil and accounting legislation, and secondly, the author's classification of sources of funding for non-profit organizations under the direction of their use, and thirdly, managing sources Financing for non-profit organizations in the context of statutory forms submitted by non-profit organizations;
Conclusions and Relevance. The proposed results of this article have practical value in the activities of non-profit organizations of any kind. Under the terms of the charter and the additional activities of NGOs, knowing the right to the options for the trust fund, and it is also true classifying sources of funding, non-profit organizations can avoid a number of problems in reporting for internal and external users.
In a low level of civic engagement is the driver of socio-economic development of the country, it is important to pay attention to the evolution of the institutions of self-organization of citizens. The article presents the results of an analysis of factors that contribute to self-organization of residence in the community of territorial public self. Using econometric methods evaluated the effectiveness of such communities. Found that the main factor determining the effectiveness of community is social capital, and the main factor of self-organizing citizens' desire to receive funding from the government. Scientific work is based on data from a survey of heads of territorial public self-government and municipal employees of Kirov.
Previous research has examined the financial and volunteer problems of non-profit sport clubs in an isolated manner and has neglected the influence of sponsorship and subsidy funding, which we term as external funding, may have on both problems. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of this external funding on financial and volunteer problems, and the relationship between both types of problems. The nature of the effect of external funding is conceptualized taking several perspectives. Using data from a survey of sport clubs in Germany a bivariate probit model is estimated. The results provide evidence that both problems are interrelated. Clubs relying on sponsorship income experience larger financial and volunteer problems, while subsidies only increase volunteer problems. Moreover, club philosophy variables significantly impact both types of problems while governance structure does not. Internal revenues and miscellaneous external revenues have no significant impact on either type of problem. The findings have implications for club management.
Based on the best applied research presented at the 18th meeting of the International Association of People-Environment Studies, IAPS18 held in Vienna, this volume concentrates on theories and methods in planning and monitoring, environmental, health and social impact assessment, post-occupancy evaluations (POEs), computer modelling and various simulation tools. It is thus a fascinating and up-to-date review for researchers, professional practitioners, and policy makers.
Social innovation is the application of new solutions to social problems in areas such as welfare, health, education, youth unemployment, adaptation of migrants, and territorial integration of regions. Social innovations allow non-profits and other organizations to meet needs of society more effectively than existing options, respond to social challenges, offer new solutions to social problems, develop social interaction and create alliances. There are different types of social innovations. Most commonly the distinction is between product or service innovations and process innovations.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.