О тематических параллелях в школьном жаргоне XIX и XXI веков
The article provides a comparative analysis of lexical items grouped by themes found in the Russian scholarly slang in XIX and XXI centuries. As a result, groups of similar topics that describe studies, leisure, bad habits, relations between students and teachers, as well as students` in-group relations have been identified. The examination of the original and modern school slang has revealed general trends in the ways new words were adopted into vocabulary, with main practices being: metaphorisation of words found in everyday speech, word-building and adopting words from foreign languages. Sequences of synonyms related to specific slang words can be identified within certain topics – the phenomenon that demonstrates the importance of a particular concept for slang users. Numerous groups of synonyms define affiliation of students, time of studies, their academic performance, behavior and other characteristics, as well as slang words denoting “teacher”. The most abundant groups of synonyms represent the topic “Bad habits” incorporating words and word combinations with the meaning “to consume alcohol”. Comparative analysis of the vocabulary existing in the Russian scholarly slang of XIX and XXI centuries reveals that it`s not always possible to draw parallels between topics as there are themes characteristic entirely either for XIX or XXI centuries. For example, the topic “Corporal punishment in an educational institution”, that had a lot of slang words in XIX century didn`t make it into modern dictionaries, as the above-mentioned phenomenon ceased to exist, whereas in XIX century there were no lexical units that stood for “narcotics” or “computer”, since there were no such concepts at that time. The research has uncovered slang lexical units that first appeared in XIX century, but still exist in XXI century, and either have kept or completely changed their original meaning. All findings have been supported by examples from lexicographical sources.
The article substantiates comparative approach to study the culture of old age in modern Russia and China. Russian and Chinese cultures of old age are perceived as difficult semiotic spheres. The article demonstrates the role of national traditions in shaping the values of the culture of old age. The article reveals the role of dominant meanings and images in the dialog of generations against the background of modern globalization. The interaction of generations is within the context of archetypal images, cultural values and behavioral patterns. Communication between generations is a prerequisite for the realization of national idea in Russia and China.
The paper considers the problems of semantic derivation. The research is based on word-forming paradigms of Adjectives. Special attention is paid to comparative analyses of word-formation models in the Russian and French languages.
Collection of articles devoted to various aspects of science in comparative post-Soviet countries and the analysis of the practical use of the comparative legal method to regulate criminal, international, administrative, civil relations, and so on.
The efficiency of social reforms in different countries mostly depends on the extent to which they can be accepted by people. Moreover, even if the problems are similar, the reasons may differ, which can lead to fail in applying existing laws of one state to another one. Bribery, as shows the Corruption Perception Index, calculated by Transparency International, is a typical problem for developing countries – that also matches research (Levin & Satarov, 2000; Ilzetzki, 2010) concluding that corruption has roots in socialist regimes and that in recently established political stability instable economic situation leads to growth in crime. The main problem within the scope of this project is to identify the relation between corruption perception and level of trust in the society and to distinguish the differences in factors affecting these characteristics in post-soviet countries. The research discoveres that distrust matters a lot for the problem in Russia and suggests further examining European countries in order to explain the difference in trust.
The fifth edition of "American Studies" is the result of activity of certain scientific laboratory - Center for the Study U.S. Kursk State University, so he opens with an article that characterizes his work. This edition includes articles: on topical issues in contemporary Russian American Studies. Collected together specialists from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kursk, Samara, Saransk, Saratov, Kirov, Bryansk, Nizhny Novgorod, Kaliningrad, as well as colleagues from Belarus (Minsk) and Ukraine (Kiev, Kirovograd, Lugansk). Its special feature is the collaboration of historians, linguists who study the United States. Problematic articles of interest for the variety and importance of scientific subjects dealt with in them. For the convenience of readers materials in the collection are divided into separate headings. Presented studies reflect the realities of domestic and foreign policy history of the U.S. XVIII-XXI centuries. As well as the sphere of American life such as history, literature, culture. A series of articles based on archival materials. In light of new approaches to the study of history should highlight the narrative, discursive approach, gender studies, comparative linguistics and multidisciplinary, achieve intellectual history. Materials: a collection designed for historians, researchers, teachers and higher secondary school students, bachelors, masters and PhD students, as well as anyone interested in the problems of U.S. history .
The article deals with the sources of replenishing youth slang. There come to light general tendencies of extension of the body of youth slang vocabulary in German and Russian which include metaphorization, word-formation and borrowing. The Research is carried out on the material of the lexicographic sources of the XIX - XXI centuries.
How are professors paid? Can the "best and brightest" be attracted to the academic profession? With universities facing international competition, which countries compensate their academics best, and which ones lag behind? Paying the Professoriate examines these questions and provides key insights and recommendations into the current state of the academic profession worldwide. Paying the Professoriate is the first comparative analysis of global faculty salaries, remuneration, and terms of employment. Offering an in-depth international comparison of academic salaries in twenty-eight countries across public, private, research, and non-research universities, chapter authors shed light on the conditions and expectations that shape the modern academic profession. The top researchers on the academic profession worldwide analyze common themes, trends, and the impact of these matters on academic quality and research productivity. In a world where higher education capacity is a key driver of national innovation and prosperity, and nations seek to fast-track their economic growth through expansion of higher education systems, policy makers and administrators increasingly seek answers about what actions they should be taking. Paying the Professoriate provides a much needed resource, illuminating the key issues and offering recommendations.
One of the most popular statements in the systemic transition literature since the second half of the 1990th is that different experiences of the CEE and Baltic states, on the one hand, and the most of the CIS countries, on the other hand, are embedded in different social norms and values, encouraging efforts in the new EU member states and preventing it in some of CIS countries.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.