Regional Differentiation of Human Potential Indicators
The purpose of the study presented in this article is an interregional analysis of human potential. The
quality of the population proper is investigated at the regional level far less than the quality of the population
life. The article provides an extended characteristic of human potential in seven directions: economic activity,
demographic processes, physical health, the cultural potential of the population, social health, educational
potential, the attitude of the population to the environment. On the basis of official statistics for 2008–2012,
there were selected 63 indicators characterizing human potential in all these directions. In the final result,
the correlation analysis has led to the substantiation of the system of indicators for the level of human
potential development, consisting of 10 indicators.
In early 2010 Russia once again entered a turbulent period. From the system of property distribution, to structure of the political elites and relations between the Center and the regions - various spheres of Russian life are in a state of flux. Two major factors are driving this change: oil prices which are unlikely to grow the way they did in the 2000s and the rapidly deteriorating efficiency of governance. Relations between federal and regional elites, as well as public activism, are derived from these two factors and play an important role of their own. Will change take an evolutionary path or is Russia facing another revolution? The book offers a view of the Russian future until 2025 based on thematic scenarios created by an international team of Russia scholars whose expertise range from politics and economics to demographics and foreign policy.
The paper summarizes the results of a study of regional macroeconomic factors that determine the level of economic activity of the Russian population aged 50-59 and 60-72. Data of the Federal State Statistics Service for the period from 2009 to 2011 was examined. There were significant factors (such as welfare, employment, urbanization, health and environment and the degree of comfort of living in the region), influencing the level of economic activity of older people.
The tasks of modernization of Russia which came into foreground during recent years brought the problem of its human potential into focus. Seven groups with different systems of norms and values that exist in Russian society today are defined and analyzed in the article. Characteristics of modern-oriented groups of Russian society are analyzed in detail, as well as their human potential. Conclusions about the role these groups can play in modernization processes in Russia are made. It is also shown how human potential with the highest quality is distributed in terms of location.
Cities nowadays compete for the excellence of their human potential providing better quality-of-life on its territories. Quality-of-life estimation is considered to be the performance indicator for city management efficiency. On the other hand, being subjective marker it reflects citizen satisfaction by the urban services quality that includes some extent of various life domains enjoyment. This study has attempted to assess the degree to which the life satisfaction affects the city satisfaction. Research examined perception of urban services quality in the main seven spheres (health care, education, social security etc.) built on survey of residents in Perm. Based on the results achieved we try to highlight the usefulness of the city satisfaction modelling to support the determining of the urban policy priorities.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.