Biography as a ‘Tree of choices’: discovering the life trajectories of young entrepreneurs in Russia
The article reveals Russians entrepreneurs’ life trajectories in the context of 4 modern institutions of socialization determined individual’s career paths - families, education, social environment and professional experience. Our empirical data include 20 narrative interviews with entrepreneurs and analyzed based on grounded theory (open and axial coding). We innovatively analyzed individual’s life trajectories as “trees of choices”, where the main branches are institutions of socialization, and the subsequent branches – individual’s life choices. Finally, we discovered the meanings of each institutions and find out the determined role of gender and the city of socialization. The empirical output is the model of life trajectories which we plan to test in for the future survey in the strategy of mixed methods research.
The paper represents the way in which mind mapping operates for teaching process. It also demonstrates the application of formative assessment in mind mapping adopting for teaching and learning. Formative assessment is designed as a mixed methods research. It includes participant observation, questionnaire, and classroom discussions on students’ mind maps. Assessment feedback is considered as an important phase of new teaching method’s adoption for a master program. The paper contributes to the current literature by shifting the focus from students’ academic achievements to process of the method’s adoption; by discussing formative assessment approach to mind mapping. The results show costs and benefits of mind mapping for students and support appropriateness of formative assessment for mind mapping adoption. The ways to improve mind mapping process in the current context and directions for future research are discussed.
Apart from the public sphere and the norms set by society, the private sphere plays an important role in the lives of the disabled, including the personal experience of disability at a micro level: in their families, everyday routines and romantic relationships. In this chapter, issues of family structure are considered using a narrative analysis of interviews with women who use wheelchairs. Various cultural, social, economic and political determinants effect the formation of certain types of family structure and attitudes towards family life. At the same time, they interrelate with biographical factors that reinforce or weaken the limits of freedom and private life. Using narrative analysis, I demonstrate what role family plays in constructing the identity of a person with a disability, and how family members act as coauthors of individual biographies. This can be seen in those dilemmas of family life associated with the feelings, sexuality and emotional stability at the micro-level of the life experience and identification of women with disabilities.
Императора Александра I, несомненно, можно назвать самой загадочной и противоречивой фигурой среди русских государей XIX столетия. Республиканец по убеждениям, он четверть века занимал российский престол. Победитель Наполеона и освободитель Европы, он вошел в историю как Александр Благословенный - однако современники, а позднее историки и писатели обвиняли его в слабости, лицемерии и других пороках, недостойных монарха. Таинственны, наконец, обстоятельства его ухода из жизни. О загадке императора Александра рассказывает в своей книге известный писатель и публицист Александр Архангельский.
The concept and aim of evidence-based entrepreneurship (EBE) is discussed as a strategy to overcome the divide between knowledge developed in the field of entrepreneurship and its use in practice. We argue that meta-analyses can and should be used in entrepreneurship research (and that it should also be used for qualitative work).
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.