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Article

Материнская карьера: дети и трудовые стратегии

Characteristic features of behavior of mothers on Russian labor market are considered. The epochs in focus consist of the  1990-s and relative "capitalist staility" of the 2000s. The data also allows for some retrospective evaluations concerning how women combined motherhood and work in previous epochs, startinf from the 1940s. Main results consist in the finding that in the 1990s and 2000s motherhood happened in the condition of gradually weakening institutional support, while personal responsibility was increasing. Need for informal large family and other social support was becoming more and more welcomed, but these ties did not reinforce to the degree, required by weakening institutions. Mothers orientation at participation in labor marked was always strong and stable, independently on their views concerning woman role in the family and society. Mothers' adaptation to always changing conditions was unavoidably flexible and required intense efforts in combining home and paid work.