Making and development of case-study concept are discussed in context of methodological discussion among sociologists about limitations and explanatory scope of the method. Varieties of theoretical and methodological approaches are demonstrated using a series of comparative monographic studies in labor organizations in France. © 2015 r.
The paper is built on the data of all-Russian surveys carried out in recent few years by the Institute of sociology, Russian academy of sciences focusing on middle class dynamics, its place in the societal structure, its identification features, dominant position in it of the lower middle class layer caused by professional structure of Russia's economy. Also, way of life and consumption preferences of this class as well as eventual scope and pre-conditions for its growth is discussed. © 2015 r.
Traditionally, research interest focuses on those employed and unemployed in the labor market while relatively little attention is paid to people classified as economically inactive. However, changes in inactivity rates are a key of labor supply due to large number of potential workers among this group. The article identifies trends in economic inactivity in Russia, characteristics of inactive people, and reasons for inactivity comparing inactivity rates in Russia and OECD countries. The text is based on the Russian Labor Force Survey data for 2013. Sickness and family responsibilities are the main difference in economic inactivity rates between men and women. Sickness and disability is a major reason for economic inactivity among men in working age while majority of women of the same age are inactive as a result of family/home responsibilities. Inactivity rates vary considerably by level of educational attainment. Employment potential of the Russian economically inactive people is low. Its increase suggests institutional and economic reformations aimed at increasing the employment rates of older workers and youth.
Problems of professional education for disables persons in Moscow
The paper discusses general condition and main features of modernization in the Far Eastern Federal District, its pace and types of dynamics, basing on the analysis of Russian Federal State Statistics Service data and indices calculated by the Center for Study of Sociocultural Change (CSSC) of the Institute of Philosophy, RAS. Special attention is paid to socioeconomic and socio-cultural components of modernization through analysis of the data of social research available for this macro-region. The study is performed in accordance with methodology of the research project of the CSSC, "Social and cultural modernization and consolidation of regional communities" (project's director is RAS corresponding member N.I. Lapin).
The article is devoted to consumption of alcohol in contemporary Russia. It is aimed at revealing a range of social practices of alcohol consumption; at testing how those practices are connected to social classes existing in Russia, and moreover, discovering social layers which demonstrate new styles of alcohol drinking. Social practices are classified according to types of alcoholic beverages consumed during the last 30 days, frequency of drinking, places of alcohol consumption, and association between alcohol drinking and mealtime. The research is built on the 21st wave of Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS-HSE), an annual nationwide panel survey designed to monitor health and economic welfare of households and individuals in Russia. All calculations were done on a sample of 8, 778 alcohol drinkers aged 15 and older. Methods used to analyze data embrace correspondence analysis, factor analysis, and k-means cluster analysis. Six practices of alcohol consumption are ascertained. Research findings demonstrate significant relation of social structure and alcohol consumption. Higher classes mostly represent consumers of light and expensive alcohol. Middle classes tend to consume homemade alcohol. Lower classes stick to vodka, traditional and cheap alcohol. Additionally, individuals who tend to excessive drinking are concentrated in lower-low class. © 2015 r.
Basing on data of the third wave "Generation and Gender survey" (GGS), author analyzes characteristics of single-parent families' life, structure of single-parent families, their welfare and well-being, possibilities to combine work and family. Most of single-parent families consist of mother and her minor children. Economic activity of lonely mothers is tense, but only one third of lonely mothers has opportunity to combine work and family life. Despite high economic activity, lonely mothers estimate often their well-being and living conditions as bad.
Using the data of the purposive sampling (2008-2010 and 2013) undertaken by The Migration Research Center the author attempted to create a "portrait" (set of social, demographic and economic traits) of the female labor migrants from the CIS countries working as the domestic hired employees in Russia. The analysis showed that the domestic hired female labor migrants stand in a better position compared to other groups of the foreign migrants because they are provided with the place to live and higher wages or salaries. On the other hand, they stay under more difficult conditions characterized by informal labor position and domestic labor practices. Examining this population group we face a number of research topics: labor migration, female migration, individual migration, employment in the sphere of the services provision at home, especially its emotional and communicative aspects, informal employment.
Based on the materials of six waves of nationwide representative sociological monitoring carried out by institute of Sociology RAS in 2014-2017, changes in the everyday life of Russians that occurred due to the recent economic crisis are defined and adaptation strategies of population to the new economic conditions are analyzed. It is shown that the impact of the crisis on the lives of Russians is gradually decreasing, although the past two and a half years have already brought significant qualitative changes to it. These changes comprise not only material well-being, but general perception of life, hopes and expectations. A significant proportion of the population is forced to use different types of practices to improve their material well-being, but this is due not so much to the impact of the crisis in the moment, but rather to the realization that the changes that are taking place are not of a short-term nature. The main mechanisms for adaptation to the new economic conditions among Russians is economy and the reduction of expenditures (that seriously affected investments in human capital) and the use of subsidiary farming – traditional response of population to deterioration of economic conditions. Data on the socio-psychological state and expectations about material situation show that Russians are getting used to the new reality, but this cannot be considered to be the result of using effective adaptation strategies related to the development of human capital, active labor market actions, new practices in financial behavior, etc., that could lay the foundation for further sustainable development of the country - the crisis did not act as the catalyst for development and dissemination of such strategies.
Article in the context of modern sociology examines the key ideas Axel Honnet’s social theory – the method of normative reconstruction, concept of recognition, phenomenon of "forgotten" recognition, the right to freedom.
The article is devoted to anecdotes about informal economy. They tell us about corruption, theft in production, shadow entrepreneurship, informal channels of distribution of scarce goods etc. These anecdotes are a peculiar encyclopedia of soviet and post-soviet man’s patterns and stereotypes of thinking.
The article develops the thesis that laughing refers to negative emotions and turns them into humor and jokes. The laughing serves as the social critic’s instrument, which emphasizes the difference between reality and expectation. The anecdotes do not solve any problems but decrease their severity and help to adopt to them. The article analyzes three periods: the USSR, Russia of 90-th and Russia after 2000.