Права и свободы человека: базовый институт российского общества и восприятие населением
The relationship between civil society and human rights and freedoms as basic institutes of Russian civil society is established in this article. Based on extensive empirical data, received in the framework of civil society status monitoring (it has been conducted in the National Research University “Higher School of Economics” since 2006), the perceptions of Russians as to which rights and freedoms are most significant to them as well as their opinion of the current situation with rights compliance and of changes in the sphere of rights and freedoms in the past 2-3 years are examined.
The author considers the pre-revolutionary Russian academic lawyers' viewpoints on human rights and freedoms: the liberal ideas at the end of the XIXth - the beginning of the XXth century in the studies of B. N. Chicherin, S. A. Muromtsev, N. M. Korkunov, M. M. Kovalevskii and P. I. Novgorodtsev, and the freedom of assembly views of such native political scientists as V. M. Gessen, V. V. Ivanovskii, S. A. Kotlyarevskii, A. I. Elistratov and V. F. Deryuzhinskii.
The article is devoted to analysis of concepts reputation and reputation management in conditions of modern Russian political reality. The author tries to determine positions of reputation communications in political sphere of Russia, which have a goal of social trust (base of strong civil society) development.
"Facing Crises: Challenges and Opportunities Confronting the Third Sector and Civil Society" 9th International Conference of the International Society for Third Sector Research (ISTR) Istanbul, Turkey July 7-10, 2010
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.