Проблема становления школы полного дня в современной Германии
In the paper an approach to measurement of work-related security of population is outlined, trends of its distribution among different groups of working population and changes in social security profiles are explored. The working population is classified in groups representatives of which possess specific characteristics of security profiles and different vulnerability zones. The key factors determining individual work-related security profiles are uncovered and an attempt is made to assess the impact of current crisis on security profiles of different groups of workers.
индексы социальной защищенности в сфере труда, профиль социальной защищенности, зоны уязвимости, social security profile, vulnerability zones, work-related security indices
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.