Анализ связи отдельных ценностных измерений с демографическими факторами и электоральным поведением в России
The article presents a systematic review of various approaches to the definition and method of studying value orientations, the connection of values and social action. The authors analyze the relationship between various sociodemographic groups and their value orientations. On the basis of data obtained after conducting sociological research in Russia, an analysis has been made of the relationship between respondents' value orientations and their political preferences. In addition, the most characteristic value orientations for the electorate of the most prominent modern politicians have been investigated. When using the Schwartz system, it turns out that the electorate most committed to the values of conservation and at the same time the least committed to the values of self-enhancement belongs to Sergey Baburin and Gennady Zyuganov. At the other pole one finds Ksenia Sobchak and especially Aleksei Navalny, whose supporters are characterized by both the maximum values of the index of commitment to the values of openness to change, and the maximum values of the index of commitment to the values of self-enhancement. An intermediate position is occupied by the electorate of Vladimir Putin, Gregory Yavlinsky, Dmitry Medvedev, Pavel Grudinin, Boris Titov, and Vladimir Zhirinovsky, but at the same time the electorate of Putin, Yavlinsky and Medvedev is inclined towards values of conservation, and the electorate of Grudinin, Titov and Zhirinovsky is towards values of openness to change. Using Inglehart system, politicians have been subdivided into two main clusters on the basis of value orientations of their electorate at the 2018 presidential elections: a class of candidates whose electorate adheres more to materialist values of survival and traditional religious values and a class whose electorate is more committed to secularrational values and postmaterialist values of self-expression.