Внегородские локальности: гибридизация «сельского» и «городского» в процессе миграции горожан в сельскую местность
Article examines the migration of urban working age middle-class citizens to rural areas.
Research focuses on de-urbanization processes, mobility (both physical, from the city to rural areas, and
socio-cultural), the construction of rural localities by the ex-citizens, and their interaction with local and
city communities, as well as the new social realities emergence. The research is concentrated on the nonurban
spaces of the Near North, where in-depth interviews were carried out during a cross-disciplinary
expedition. Article is focused on moving from urban to non-urban spaces, professional activities of the
settlers, and their interaction with social environment We examine the ‘production of locality’ concept,
specifics of new hybrid identities, and lifestyles of those moved to rural areas. There are several trends
in the process of constructing new localities. On the one hand, the locality produced by city migrants
fills rural space with ‘humanistic’ meanings, opens the door to its rational use, making it attractive while
forming the resource streams, strongly connected to the city. However, at the same time there is a
tendency of producing of quasi-traditional ‘rurality’ and ‘theme parks’ construction, simulacrum-
A new formalism of Resource Driven Automata Nets (RDA-nets) is presented. A RDAnet has two levels: a system level is represented by a net of active resources, describing distribution of agents/resources and their interactions; agents in an object level are finite automata, communicating via ports and shared resources of a system level. RDA-nets are assigned for modeling mobility in multi-agent systems from the resource dependence perspective. We prove that RDA-nets have the same expressive power as Petri nets and give examples of modeling agent communications, dynamics and mobility.
The paper presents the history of the rise? as well as themes and theoretical foundations of the Ugory project, a complex interdisciplinary study of rurral communities and the natural capital in one of the regions of the Russian Near North. Along with empirical field studies, the Ugory projecct involves modeling social processes and identifyind the changing priorities of modern society. The article defines the main objectives of the project, as well as its major conceptual approaches.
The article describes some crucial moments of flight attendant job routin. The auther describes his experience of being flight attendant of one of the biggest and multicultural airlines – Emirates Airlines. Мобильность, профессия бортпроводника, авиация, этнография Mobility, Flight-attendant, Aviation, Ethnography
Due to the technological development we faced problem of not implementing new technologies in order to help displaced people and refugees or sometimes we only introduce some basic services. It is necessary to remind about disasters which we unfortunately can’t predict and which usually completely change citizens’ life. People have to move from their neighborhood to other places (usually) to other countries where they do not know local cultural specification and traditions, local laws and they are not able to assimilate easily.
Technological development already introduced to us global networks – like Internet and GSM, and mobile technologies and devices – like cellphones, tablets and laptops.
The most common and popular solution is our cell phone. For the last 10 years manufacturers brought cell phones to the new level of development – with cell phone hardware and software called mobile applications which resulted to the fast growth of mobile devices and applications popularity. Mobile devices give us mobility and it is one of the key factors made them popular.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.