Медиаграмотность в России: картография проблемных зон
In December 2014, ZIRCON Research Group conducted a representative mass survey of the Russian population in order to determine its general level of media literacy. This project is implemented in the form of monitoring since 2009 and allows tracking changes in the prevalence among the population of various skills related to handling the media. During the preparation for the sixth wave of the survey the notion of “media literacy” was reconceptualized – this procedure is described in details in the text.
On the basis of the empirical data collected through a survey the map of the Russian’s media literacy was compiled. In addition to this map the integral index of media literacy was calculated. The index allows concluding that the main part of the population has acceptable level of media literacy. At the same time map analysis shows that approximately three quarter of the population is not comfortable with new media/Internet skills and self-protection skills.
The article describes the procedure of composition of the integral index of the management company based on the classification of single index of the management company. Being considered by the example of a particular company an analysis of the integral index relationship with enterprises private performance was effected.
We are witnessing now a coming closer together of two pedagogical movements – that of media education (media literacy) and that of information literacy, both of them having previously existed parallel to each other, and without actually crossing each other’s path.
A resonance publication, containing criticism of the quality of Russian polls, is reviewed; doubtfulness of the critical argumentation is revealed.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.