Российские учителя сегодня и завтра: результаты исследования
Status groups, carreer trajectories and identities of school teachers. High loyalty of teachers to their profession. The lack of differences between teachers of "prestigious" schools and "ordinary" schools. Commitment to the teaching profession is independent on the experience.
SABERTeachers is a core component of SABER (Systems Approach for Better Education Results), an initiativeoftheWorldBank’sEducationGlobalPractice. SABER collects information about different education systems’policydomains,analyzesittoidentifycommon challengesandpromisingsolutions,andmakesitwidely available to inform countries’ decisions on where and howtoinvestinordertoimproveeducationquality. SABERTeacherscollectsdataontencoreteacherpolicy areastoofferacomprehensivedescriptiveoverviewof the teacher policies that are in place in each participating education system. Data are collected in each participating education system by a specializedconsultantusingaquestionnairethatensures comparabilityofinformationacrossdifferenteducation systems. Data collection focuses on the rules and regulations governing teacher management systems. Thisinformationiscompiledinacomparativedatabase where interested stakeholders can access detailed information organized along relevant categories that describehowdifferenteducationsystemsmanagetheir teaching force, as well as copies of supporting documents.
The article deals with criminal-legal aspects of such restraint as commitment and house imprisonment, proposes measures for improving the legislative regulation of these restraints and their practical application, formulates conclusions concerning these problems reflection in mass media, as well as typical accusatory trends in this sphere of criminal-legal jurisdiction, their causes and preventive measures.
In the XIX century. by the Russian government collected, systematized and studied the rules of customary law Caucasian highlanders (adat). Adat, regulating property relations and to obtain official recognition applied to mountain verbal (folk), village (aul) and arbitral tribunals. Customary law Chechen and Ingush distinguished: the multiplicity of actors, the equality of «their» - members of the indigenous genera (Taipei), the limited capacity of «outsiders», difference rules in the mountains and on plains, low developed separate institutions, low levels of legal technology.
School textbooks published in the years 1900-2000 are collected and analyzed in the monograph. The rich experience of the Russian educational publishing, teaching content, is shown in changing depending on the historical period and the dominant ideas. Intended for historians, theorists and practitioners of education.
Adult mortality has been lower in Kyrgyzstan vs. Russia among males since at least 1981 and among females since 1999. Also, Kyrgyzstan’s mortality fluctuations have had smaller amplitude. This has occurred in spite of worse macro-economic outcomes in Kyrgyzstan. To understand these surprising patterns, we analyzed cause-specific mortality in Kyrgyzstan vs. Russia for the period 1981-2010, using unpublished official data. We find that, as in Russia, fluctuations in Kyrgyzstan have been primarily due to changes in external causes and circulatory causes, and alcohol appears to play an important role. However, in contrast with Russia, mortality from these causes in Kyrgyzstan has been lower and has increased by a smaller amount. As a result, the mortality gap between the two countries is overwhelmingly attributable to external and cardio-vascular causes, and more generally, to causes that have been shown to be strongly related to alcohol consumption. These cause-specific results, together with the existence of large ethnic differentials in mortality in Kyrgyzstan, highlight the importance of cultural and religious differences, and their impact on patterns of alcohol consumption, in explaining the mortality gap between the two countries. These findings show that explanatory frameworks relying solely on macro-economic factors are not sufficient for understanding differences in mortality levels and trends among former Soviet republics.
This article addresses the questions, What do children in urban areas do on Saturdays? What type of organizational resources do they have access to? Does this vary by social class? Using diary data on children’s activities on Saturdays in the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale metropolitan area, the authors describe the different types of venues (households, businesses, public space, associations, charities, congregations, and government/tribal agencies) that served different types of children. They find that the likelihood of using a charity or business rather than a government or tribal provider increased with family income. Also, the likelihood of using a congregation or a government facility rather than business, charity, or household increased with being Hispanic. The authors discuss implications for the urban division of labor on Saturdays and offer research questions that need further investigation.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.