От девиации к идентичности: трансформация научных подходов к пониманию глухоты
The paper provides an empirical analysis of the impact of disability status on employment and hours worked in Russia. We use data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey for 2004–2014 and apply propensity score matching. Our results show that disability status has a significant effect on labor supply of the disabled even if health problems are thoroughly controlled for. Disability status is associated with stable and significant negative effect on employment. At the same time, we do not find a consistent impact of disability status on hours worked.
The article presents the experience of constructing of the social problems by students and teacher within the sociological course. Last years the course “Sociology of Social Problems” includes optional actionist part with a claims-making concerning some situations. The article describes actions made by the participants of the course with the aim to include in the city agenda such problems as the destroying of one of the famous historical buildings in Kazan (Karl Fuchs House), the inaccessibility of urban space for disabled people and the imposing of the music and ads on the pedestrians. The influence of such constructionist projects and their alleged significance for the students are discussed. In conclusion some questions concerning the transition from traditional teaching of sociology towards the teaching connected with the sociological intervention are formulated.
The present article analyses the process behind the production of otherness (othering) in the discourse of modern Russian cinema. The article begins by highlighting the main ways of understanding othering, which is based principally on the systematization of theoretical and empirical studies. This includes describing strategies and techniques for representating the Other, preparation of a list of steps and signs indicating how othering is processed in discourse. This reveals the following aspects: 1) opposition (using binary categories), 2) distancing (strengthening borders), 3) building a hierarchy (hierarhization) and 4) the submission and destruction of the Other. Next, the developed theoretical and methodological scheme was applied to provide an analysis of how otherness is represented in Russian cinema, particularly through a case study of the movie "Class correction" in 2014, which was directed by I.Tverdovskyy. In summary, the following othering mechanisms were identified: stereotyping, objectification, marginalization, shaming, feminization, exotization, and coping strategies as: charismatization, subjectification, dehierarhization an the use of humor, parody and protest.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.