Tatyana Zaslavskaya and Her Contribution to the Study of Post-Communist Transformations
The problem of internal migration of young and educated population from East Germany to the old federal lands and large cities of the new federal lands is considered. German sociologists use intergeneration researches for stimulating intergeneration solidarity and maintaining population in depressed regions as one of the instruments for overcoming the current situation.
Analyzed campaigns of German and Russian sociologists to problems of values in transformed societies. The special attention is given to problems of values of the market and a place of youth in system of market relations.
The core of Korean mentality in relationship with other nations is strive for compromise, orderliness, hard work and avoiding open confrontation, even in spite of unbearable living conditions in past. The core of Russian speaking Koreans is a complex phenomenon, repeatedly exposed to transformation within 150 years, involuntarily due to social-politic changes, which took place in Russia. Koreans were forced to choose a strategy to survive and adapt both in individual and collective levels. By nature hardworking Koreans were oriented to reach solid position in the Russian society.
Nature abhors a "vacuum" - the new power elite arrives at the time of major social and political transformations and endeavours to shore up its position within the country and obtain support from outside. New power groups, which are active at times of revolution and who replace, push aside or even depose the old elites and impose their own control over the state machine and position themselves as new power elite.There are themselves not immune to social transformation, especially in the first decades of coming to their new commanding role. Unless its claims are given legitimacy it is unable to implement its positive programme, which it immediately claims as the national programme. Every country "acquires" a new functioning elite - political, financial and intellectual - from revolution or a change of regime. The old elite may lose control and depart or upon luck may merge into a new combination of social strata of particular country. We also believe that the composition and the structure of elites is the country-specific and reflect one’s country history.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.