Телевизионная реклама и телевизионный контент
Little is known about how the content of advertisements is remembered. We studied how product interest, thematic congruence between advertisement and programme, and the typicality of the elements of an advertisement affect memory for new product ads in television, radio, and printed media. Participants were exposed to a single type of media with two embedded ads. After a filler task, they completed a true/false recognition task. In television and radio, accuracy was higher for the interesting product ads. In three experiments, we found no effect of thematic congruence, and the standard effect of typicality. In printed media, where participants are free to read the ads or not, the differences in hits and false alarms in typicality were due to a change in the response criterion and not to an effect on memory. We conclude that different results can be obtained depending on the exposure to different media
This article includes the research of the industrial companies’ media advertising application in the Russian market. The study used data of 225 largest industrial companies that produce, sell and promote their products in Russia. The article analyzes their media advertising budgets, shares of the various advertising tools, frequency of their use and other characteristics. It was also carried out the industrial companies comparison of different types of products, industries and origin regions in media advertising. Finally conclusions and recommendations were presented for companies promoting or planning to promote their products on the media market.
One of the most important and relevant business problems is the search for the optimal advertising budget and its distribution on advertising tools. This study focuses on the analysis of advertising budgets and its structure in the Russian market. In paper compares various types of advertisers, and provides recommendations for the application of advertising tools in Russia. The analysis was conducted based on the data of 500 companies working and advertising their products on the Russian market. The main research methods included a compare of averages and a correlation analysis. The author found significant differences in the application of promotional tools among advertisers from different types of business and sectors of the economy. It was found that the producers of goods and services greater use of television advertising than other advertising tools, but retailers use of outdoor, radio and online advertising to promote their products. Companies that sell fast moving consumer goods mainly used the television advertising. Firms selling consumer durables, instead of television ads use outdoor, internet and radio advertising. Sellers of premium and luxury goods advertise only in press, while companies from the service sector are actively using radio, outdoor and online advertising. The results of the study confirmed the findings of foreign researchers about the significant impact of type and sector of business on the allocation of advertising budget.
A joint research project carried out by an interdisciplinary group of Russian and Swedish linguists, sociologists and educators-psychologists (the Swedish Institute grant), besides solving pragmatic tasks of finding out relative quantitative-qualitative specificity of national cognitive representations of values, first of all, had methodological goals. They were to check the efficiency of the linguistic methods developed in this study (and, thus, to prove the theoretical ideas that served the basis for it) of getting factual data that allow reconstructing and comparing of the corresponding areas of cognitive representations.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.