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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

Condorcet's Interpretation of Probability Theory: Application of a Mathematical Construct to the Field of Social Action

P. 224-227.
This paper offers an analysis of the Essay on the Application of Analysis to the Probability of Majority Decisions proposed wrote in 1785 by Nicolas de Condorcet (1743- 1794), a French philosopher, politician, scientist, member of the French Academy since 1782. Condorcet was the first who applied mathematical methods to the political and moral sciences. He described a voting algorithm, providing a real choice of the majority. In the same paper, he described the «paradox», later called «Condorcet's paradox» or the» paradox of voting», as the case of intransitive choice. We focus on the value of its significance for the prediction of human behavior and a place of Condorcet in the history of use of probability theory in the description of historical chronology.