Многоликая софистика: нелегитимная аргументация в интеллектуальной культуре Европы Средних веков и раннего Нового времени
In the article was analyzed the Lorenzo Valla’s attempt to apply the methods of the philological criticism to the juridical texts. I am showing that the humanist method used by Valla was inadequate for this purpose and that the famous humanist had used the illegitimate arguments proving his position.
This text is the commented translation from Latin into Russian of Francisco de Vitoria's lection on the magic art.
This article examines the political implications of the Biblical exegesis in John Wycliffe and his opponent, John Cunningham.
Tomas Hobbes’ conception of language can not be described in common terms of conventionalism and nominalism. Language plays a very important role in the Hobbes’ thought, therefore, we should pay careful attention to it. What can the language says about distinction between natural and political philosophy? Has the sovereign the power over the language of his subjects? Can we distinguish the language in the commonwealth and the language in the natural state? Searching answers to these questions is important not only in the context of the history of philosophy, but allows us to include Hobbes’ ideas in modern political and philosophical discourse.
In this chapter are presented in fool commented translation two texts advirtising new science of the stars in the XIIth century latin West: the letter to french philosophers by Peter Alphonsi and the anonymous prolog to the translation into latin of Ptolemy's Almagest.
Intellectual activities of Marsilio Ficino proceeded mainly in Florence and its environs completely covers the second half of the 15th century. In his medical-astrological treatise ‘De vita libres tres’ (1489), he considers the origins of melancholy. For Ficino, the sphere of application of exegetic instrumentation was not only Platonic tradition, but also it has absorbed elements of scholastic science, and artifacts of the humanistic manner of the writings, dealing with contingent things. The aim of the paper is describing of the key characteristics of intellectual practices of Ficino in the context of his epoch,