Баланс работы и семьи: стратегии совмещения профессиональных и семейных обязанностей работающими матерями в Москве
The issue of optimal reconciling of professional and mothering responsibilities in their life style is considering. The empirical base is survey on 1667 women with preschool anв school age children that was conducted in November-December 2008 in Moscow as in one big city of Russia. The strategy of "working mother" is most popular in Moscow. That attitude determines the job conditions preferences and criteria of job satisfaction. At the same time, according to respondents’ opinion enterprises don't pay proper attention to systematic corporate policy for working parents.
The objective of this book is to develop the sustainable and lasting skills of translator's competence and to build up translation categorial strategy.
Active vocabulary for business English students based on the business coursebook "Market Leader". The focus is on the development and mastering of business English active vocabulary for the Business Studies.
The aim of this article is to analyze strategies of combining motherhood and employment. For this purpose the notion of work-family balance will be conceptualized. The author suggests that strategies of mixed professional and family duties is being constructed at the level of household and depends on available personal and family resources as well as individual choices of working adults. Because contemporary Russian family policy does not provide institutional supports for working parents to combine motherhood and employment. Working mothers are in search of family-work balance, because child care is the main women responsibilities. Motherhood is still a crucial part of life project for Russian women.
Relation between the informal employment and job satisfaction is investigated in the paper. Informal employment takes rather big place in Russian economy, what makes research of the mechanism of the informal sector of the labor market functioning very relevant. Ordered choice models with sample selection correction were estimated on the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of HSE (RLMS-HSE) data. The key result of the paper is that subjective well-being is not determined by employment status itself, crucial is conditions of choice. Individuals, who came to the informal sector because of their own choice, treat their job as well as workers' with the registered employment. So, they have no incentives for seeking to formalize their status, which could mean further growth of the informal sector.
The article deals with the issues of Russian labour law compliance to the international labour standards in several crucial issues: discrimination in employment, freedom of association, wages etc.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.