The book discusses the various aspects of the theory, methodology and history of professional groups studies and professional cultures in Russia and abroad. Special attention is paid to the establishment of sociology of professions as an independent sociological discipline in the Soviet and post-Soviet Russia. Also, a classification of the main theoretical trends in sociology classes and professions, including classical and modern ideas and theories about various aspects of professionalism - the role of special knowledge, methods of internal self-organization of communities, professional culture and the broader institutional and social context. The book contains the results of empirical studies of copyright occupations and professions, including engineering plant workers, engineers, tennis players, professionals and academic sociologists working the field of public opinion research. For social scientists, university professors and students of sociological specialties, as well as for all interested in the history and sociology theory, and the sociology of occupations and professions.
Transformations of academic autonomy This is a theoretical sociological survey. The academic autonomy is considered as a metaphor symbolically defining the borders of the university space. The historical survey deals with the transformations of the academic autonomy in the USSR and Russia. Described are current institutional and global threats to the academic autonomy.
Nowadays the concept of academic culture is commonly used both in theory of education and in teaching practice. The term “academic culture” has different interpretations in Russian and foreign educational environment. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to examine this phenomenon using comprehensive approach.
The author attempts to clarify the definition of academic culture in accordance with the contemporary situation in Russian educational system and introduces this phenomenon in educational framework and individual academic development.
The author points out that only integration of such concepts as academic literacy, academic maturity, academic culture, academic freedom allows to retrace the individual academic development within the contemporary educational environment.