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  • Роль религии в денежной благотворительности воцерковленных жертвователей: на примере прихожан московских приходов

Article

Роль религии в денежной благотворительности воцерковленных жертвователей: на примере прихожан московских приходов

Краснопольская И. И., Чернышева М. В., Корнеева И. Е., Солодова Г. С.

Empirical studies on national samples confirm the importance of religion and religiosity as factors that determine the characteristics of pro-social behavior, including monetary charity. In this article, we analyzed the donations made by churchgoers in the logic of donation, revealing the division of donations to help a neighbor and help a distant circle. In the first case, it is helping the parish, in the second - charity through non-profit organizations. The data were obtained during personal interviews with parishioners of Moscow churches (N = 16) and an online survey of Orthodox donors (N = 604) in 2019. As a result, it was found that donations to a close and a distant circle have different meanings for a benefactor. Donations to the inner circle are based on reciprocal gift giving and have a normative nature, based on the maintenance of group solidarity and belonging. Helping the distant circle is helping strangers (a non-reciprocal gift), and such charity is useful for faith, struggle with passions, and individual spiritual work. Through non-reciprocal donations, the formation of the Orthodox self and the improvement of oneself as a believer takes place.