Роль религии в денежной благотворительности воцерковленных жертвователей: на примере прихожан московских приходов
Empirical studies on national samples confirm the importance of religion and religiosity as factors that determine the characteristics of pro-social behavior, including monetary charity. In this article, we analyzed the donations made by churchgoers in the logic of donation, revealing the division of donations to help a neighbor and help a distant circle. In the first case, it is helping the parish, in the second - charity through non-profit organizations. The data were obtained during personal interviews with parishioners of Moscow churches (N = 16) and an online survey of Orthodox donors (N = 604) in 2019. As a result, it was found that donations to a close and a distant circle have different meanings for a benefactor. Donations to the inner circle are based on reciprocal gift giving and have a normative nature, based on the maintenance of group solidarity and belonging. Helping the distant circle is helping strangers (a non-reciprocal gift), and such charity is useful for faith, struggle with passions, and individual spiritual work. Through non-reciprocal donations, the formation of the Orthodox self and the improvement of oneself as a believer takes place.