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Повседневная жизнь в российском пограничье: мотивы и факторы трансграничных практик

Зотова М. В., Гриценко А. А., Себенцов А. Б.

This article focuses on the cross-border practices of communities, i.e. practices which constitute the core of everyday life in the Russian border regions. The study is based on surveys and interviews with experts conducted by the authors in 2000–2010 both in the border regions of Russia and neighboring countries. The article analyzes the opportunities and constraints of living in the border regions, and the motives and determinants of corresponding practices in everyday life. Local residents frequently cross the border in search of specific services (e.g. shopping, entertainment, education, health services) or jobs. The authors show that the socio-economic and socio-cultural differences of neighboring states stimulate the emergence of cross-border practices and that these are differentiated according to the properties of the border areas (such as population density, the nature of local economies, connections to large cities and transport networks). The authors conclude that it is more often the case that cross-border interaction is constrained by the lack of corresponding stimuli than emergent obstacles. They also emphasize the constructive role of cross-border practices in maintaining good neighborly relations even in situations of political difficulties