Генезис полидисциплинарного коммуникативного метадискурса: о становлении науки о коммуникации в России
The paper attempts to explain why modern Russian communication science has a multidisciplinary theoretical basis. The author hypothesizes that modern Russian "communicative-theoretical eclecticism" formed historically, being genetically related to the entry into the Russian scientific lexicon the word "communication" with different meanings at different times in different disciplinary spheres; this in turn led to the emergence of a number of traditions that differ for different scientific areas and paved the way for the coexistence of a variety of concepts, constituting now the field of communication studies. The author shows disciplinary structure of Russian Communication Studies on the example of the array analysis of 4635 abstracts of theses on various issues of communication, defended from 1987 to 2015. Reveal 20 scientific fields, which are conducted communication studies from 23 possible in the classification of the Higher Attestation Commission under the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation. Special analysis of housing Russian scientific publications since the end of the XIX century to the present, in which there is the key word "communication", allowed to clarify the chronology of its appearance in a particular disciplinary field, which led to the identification of the traditional areas of communication studies in Russia. Among them are the key ones: philological, psychological, sociological (social science), biological (animal psychology), cybernetic.
Gastronomic consumption practices are one of the main ways of forming the corporeal human identity, a marker of his/her cultural and social status. Specificity of food as a material medium of symbols and signs, which are assimilate d at the level of the most direct corporeal experience, determines its consumption as a complex system of communication links. Today, the practice of food consumption in the form of fast food is especially relevant and registers new forms and ways of communication, not only gastronomic, but also reflecting power and new gender relations. It can be argued that it is in the form of fast food (Mac-food) the symbolic content of food overcame and absorbed its physical and technical aspects.
This paper investigates the language situation in Moscow schools with an ethnocultural component – a new form of national schools. The analysis is based on interviews which were recorded in 2007, in two Moscow schools, one of them with Armenian ethno-cultural component, and the other, with Azeri. The sample included ten students from each school (five boys and five girls).
In the paper the process of linguistic integration of Azeri and Armenian children into modern Russian society is analyzed. The comparison between these two groups is particularly appealing, because the effects of Soviet Russification, and the language situations in general, were different in Armenia and in Azerbaijan. I show that this difference influences the use of language by Azeri and Armenian children.
Author shows how and why the method of radical interpretation proposed by D. Davidson can solve the problems that are ormulated in a variety of skeptical scenarios. In particular, the method of radical interpretation renders the Cartesian skeptical scenario (both in its traditional and recent versions) obscure and even deprives it of its status of a philosophical problem as such. Appealing to the diberence between intended and unintended lies, one can see how the global skeptical scenario gets solved in both cases. This paper also extends Willard Van Orman Quine’s argument for an expanded version of a naturalized epistemology by introducing social factors to this approach. In addition, there are always at least two necessary limitations imposed by communication on our hypotheses about knowledge and delusion.
The article covers teaching oral professional communication in a foreign language in the form of negotiations and developing respective skills in the course of mastering most relevant vocabulary, grammar and syntax means that reflect the specifics of structuring the expressions by negotiation participants and that cause real difficulties for oral professional communication.
The article touches upon two innovative approaches to corporate communication. One example deals with the development of information technologies, and the other tells about the elaboration of a principally new, both internal and external, communication system in a company.
The article is devoted to the problem of communicative features of the constructive structure of the font identity in the city branding sphere. This problem is considered in the framework of the nonlinearity of visual communication based on typology, comparative and structural analysis of the font identity of the world's cities. The article analyzes the brand identity of the city of Murmansk (2015) with the use of qualitative research methods: an expert interview with the designer of Murmansk identity.
This paper explores, mainly from a legal perspective, the extent to which the Russian regulations of traditional TV and online audiovisual media policies have been consistent with the Council of Europe (hereinafter CoE) standards. The study compares between the CoE and Russian approaches to specific aspects of audiovisual regulation including licensing, media ownership, public service media, digitalization, and national production. The paper first studies the CoE perspective through examining its conventional provisions related to audiovisual media, the case law of the European Court of Human Rights as well as the CoE non-binding documents. The paper then considers Russian national legislation governing audiovisual media and the Russian general jurisdiction courts’ practice on broadcast licensing. The paper suggests that the Russian audiovisual regulations are insufficiently compatible with the CoE standards and more in line with the Soviet regulatory traditions.
Systems Thinking in Museums explores systems thinking and the practical implication of it using real-life museum examples to illuminate various entry points and stages of implementation and their challenges and opportunities. Its premise is that museums can be better off when they operate as open, dynamic, and learning systems as a whole as opposed to closed, stagnant, and status quo systems that are compartmentalized and hierarchical. This book also suggests ways to incorporate systems thinking based on reflective questions and steps with hopes to encourage museum professionals to employ systems thinking in their own museum. Few books explore theory in practice in meaningful and applicable ways; this book offers to unravel complex theories as applied in everyday practice through examples from national and international museums.