The MOOC Market: Prospects for Russia
As massive open online courses (MOOC) rapidly invaded the education services market at the beginning of the 21st century, a new trend emerged in global education. In the era of globalization and digitization, MOOC acts as an efficient tool to promote universities in the international educational arena, popularize national cultures, and raise additional funds. This is why a lot of countries, including Russia, have entered the race for online courses. Despite all the focus on MOOC in global education, the proportion of studies analyzing the MOOC market and the prospects for MOOCs in the Russian context is rather small. This article mainly seeks to describe the MOOC market and behavioral patterns of MOOC providers in the international and national online education markets as well as to classify MOOC players based on open source data collected from online platforms. As a conclusion, platform data analysis findings are used to identify vacant niches in the MOOC market, and possible avenues of Russian providers’ development in the international segment are assessed. Several data sources are utilized to solve the study objectives: articles, reports, official MOOC-related documents, information from online platform websites, a body of quantitative data collected from two leading online platforms, and a base of quantitative data from the Class Central aggregator, which contains information on MOOCs offered by several major online platforms.
This paper studies the results of integration of massive open online courses (MOOCs) into curriculum of the ESP (English for specific purposes) course at the department of Business Informatics of the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE). The experimental teaching with integration of MOOK component in the ESP course have demonstrated that the educational outcome in this case may be higher than in a traditional course, due to the increase of students motivation provided by individualized learning, the use of modern authentic teaching materials, participation in international educational community. Research findings illustrate that imbedding MOOCs in the university ESP course could become the basis for the integrated study of special subjects and the English language in the international learning community, under the condition that on-campus courses have been re-designed to incorporate MOOC-like components.
E-learning development comes with an increased attention to its quality that is managed via the control over not only the learners’ knowledge but over the learning process, its organization and applied tools. This paper covers Tomsk State University experience in MOOC quality evaluation, in particular popular science MOOCs and specialized ones. The quality evaluation system implies the evaluation of the MOOC materials, the learning process and the results.
INTED2018 Proceedings. 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference Valencia, Spain. 5-7 March, 2018.
The paper is devoted to the main aspects of using MOOCs as a part of university curriculum. HSE University has the expertise of implementation of blended learning using our own 53 MOOCs on Coursera and 27 MOOCs on Russian National Open Education Platform and courses of other universities. The emphasis will be on institutional decisions, organizational schemes and management solutions that allow to recognize MOOCs’ results and transfer them into university credits (ESTC).
Successful online learning if we look outside the didactics but in the field of personal development, from the anthropological bases, is in learner’s identification as an active subject of the learning process. Activities that online learners perform correlate with the characteristics of the subjectness that researchers revealed: spotting one’s own gaps in the educational environment and one’s educational needs, satisfying them and enhancing one’s competence by means of online learning (ability to change the environment and oneself inside that, reflexive way of life, realizing the principle of development), searching, selecting and studying online courses on one’s own, supported first and foremost by the intrinsic motivation (initiative), ability to plan and analyze one’s activity or inaction in the course, managing the requirements and the deadlines of the assignments, as well as readiness to accept the consequences of one’s choice (responsibility). Therefore, successful online learners (those who study on their own, cope with the tasks in time and in a proper way, achieve expected results) are characterized with such a subjectness that is based on a set of general-cultural and general-professional competencies that should be formed. To define the set of competencies, which an online learner needs to become successful and to study learners’ attitude to them, we have done a competency-based test (self-assessment questionnaire) in September - November 2017. The respondents were 2060 learners from TSU online courses offered on three e-learning platforms (population is 80938). Learners responded that the following general-cultural competencies are of much help for them in online learning: readiness to self-development, self-realization and using one’s own creativity (69,7%), ability to organize and educate oneself (53,3%), ability to acquire new scientific and professional knowledge using modern educational and informational technologies (62,3%), as well as ability to imply means and methods of learning and self-control over one’s intellectual development, increasing one’s cultural level and professional competence (50,2%). Among general-professional competencies the learners replied that the most useful competencies for online learning are computer skills for receiving, processing and managing information (79,5%), ability to work with the main retrieval query systems (60,2%), ability to search for scientific information, perform its critical analysis, to set research objectives and choosing appropriate methods and technologies to achieve them (59,3%), ability to critically analyze the learning process and training materials from the point of view of their effectiveness (54%) and ability to use polite manners in oral and written speech (21,9%). At the same time, the respondents define general-cultural competencies as more significant. Therefore, the survey results proved our idea that successful online learning requires firstly, a set of general-cultural competences (those which are connected to the learner’s personal development and his/ her subjectness in the learning process) and secondly, a set of general-professional competencies to be formed. This led us to the idea that assessing learner’s level of the general-cultural competences we can predict his/ her future success in taking online courses.
Modern digital technologies change radically the economy, the way of life at hole. The labor market requires a qualitatively different content for the training of graduates of educational institutions. Digitalization affects not only the content of education, but also its organization. These processes have ambiguous consequences for the positioning of both the university and the teaching work. Necessary competences are often purchased outside the educational institutions, because educational programs often do not keep up with the dynamics of technology. Online education market raises the question about the university degree status. The professor turns from a carrier of knowledge and skills into a navigator which helps to navigate the knowledge bases. All these issues are particularly acute in relation to the reform of the Russian system of higher education. The necessary optimization is replaced by simply reducing the number of universities and reducing their financial support. Evaluation of the content of scientific activity is replaced by the formal requisites of scientometrics. Professor’s work acquires prekarial character.
The article compares the results of learners which had been studying economics in two different ways - traditional education with lectures/seminars and online education (as part of the massive open online course). In both cases, students were asked identical questions on the same topic of the introductory course in economics. Classes was conducted by the same teacher. According to the comparison results, secondary school pupils demonstrated better performance than online-learners. However adult students of the second higher education program had results very close to the results of online students (such as grade distribution, average score for every question).