Смена моделей освоения советского Севера в 1950-е гг. Случай Комиссии по проблемам Севера
The article analyses institutional changes in economic research on the Soviet North in the mid-1950s due to which the concept of USSR northern territories itself changed. Through the case of Commission on Issues of the North (operating under control of Council for the Study of Productive Potential at the USSR Academy of Sciences) and the activity of its head Samuil V. Slavin, the article discusses the reasons for and mechanisms of changing the principles of development of the Soviet North in the aftermath of Stalin’s rule. The Commission became the main centre coordinating work of different scientific institutions, both in the centre and the periphery, as well as planning institutions and industrial agencies, on elaborating new schemes of development of the North without compulsory labour. Drawing on the publications by Samuil V. Slavin and previously unstudied archival materials, the article shows how, beginning from the mid-1950s, Slavin started to devise a new concept of the Soviet North, shifting emphases from industrial development to creation of comfortable living conditions for people in the North.