Омоложение материнства в Дагестане: тенденция или артефакт? (Предварительные результаты обследования сельского населения)
This article is devoted to the dynamics of the mean age of child-bearing in Dagestan, an indicator which has differed significantly from the overall Russian trend within the last decade. The paper is based both on data from official sources and preliminary results from field research conducted by the authors in the rural areas of Dagestan. The data from both sources strongly supports the idea of a decrease in the childbearing age in the republic both for the mean age of childbearing (MAB) without parities and for the mean age of childbearing at first and second births.
The existing literature highlights, among others, two main factors inhibiting the increase of the MAB usually expected with a decrease of the total fertility rate. These are, first of all, the important role of religion (mainly Islam) in the society, and secondly, the “patriarchal” structure of the family. Our preliminary results lead us to the conclusion that the first factor is more important.