Моральные эмоции в ряду механизмов социального сплочения
The article discusses emotions in the context of interdisciplinary studies of morality. Special attention is paid to the negative moral emotions and their social function — the cohesion of the group through the actualization of identity. On the basis of two case studies we considered the role of negative moral emotions in the formation of the new identities and the group cohesion. It is revealed that the source of emotion is the assessment of the situation as unfair. In the ﬁ rst case, in-group is seen as the subject of injustice, in the other — outgroups are the subject and the object of injustice. Outgroup-«aggressor» is endowed with the features of the «ancient enemy». An indignation becomes the key emotion and it forms the basis of the group cohesion. Reputation risk for the in-group generates «image shame», which, in turn, becomes a source of aggression towards any observer, as a potential witness of the «loss of face».