PhDs Within and Outside of the National Labor Market
PhD holders’ careers analysis shows that getting an academic degree is no longer enough for a career in research. The chances of getting a permanent job, of getting a good position at a university or research center depend not only on one’s academic degree but also on one’s experience, competencies and portfolio. The route from defending a dissertation to getting tenure is becoming longer: it now includes all kinds of temporary positions, such as internships and fixed-time (postdoc) contracts. Research projects are focused on mobility at both national (changing jobs within the national labor market) and international levels (which implies moving abroad to work or to study, contracts with foreign employers, participation in joint research programs, etc.)
Russian strategic documents highlight the significance of international cooperation for Russian education and science development. The effectiveness of such cooperation is determined by country's activities and resources that correspond to priorities and possess sufficient potential for achieving purposes. The presented article explores the agreements Russia with other countries and instruments of the international cooperation in the field of Education and Science. The author of the paper examines how bilateral and multilateral international agreements (including documents of international organizations and associations) and instruments contribute to the achievement of strategic objectives such as the improvement of research and education quality, the development of Russian education export. The author uses the database of international agreements formed in July 2013 in the framework of joint project of the International Organizations Research Institute and the National Training Foundation. The results of the analyses show that international agreements in the field of science and education do not fully comply with the country's priorities. In addition, a number of key areas of cooperation need to provide the tools for the development of partnership. It is necessary to create coordination mechanism (national strategy of international cooperation in the field of science and education), which will contribute to the harmonization of goals and actions of the country's international cooperation.
In the chapter concerning inbreeding in Russian universities the authors draw data from several sources (studies of higher educational sector in Russia and statistics from the Ministry of education and science and Russian Statistical Agency) to estimate consequences of inbreeding on micro and macro levels.
The article examines structural conditions which determine the direction of the international student flows. The influence of the two factors is widely recognized in the current discussion on international student mobility. The first one is economic factor which influence individual decision of a student or her/his family to migrate to more prosperous country (pull-push argument). The second is derived from world system theory: students from world periphery seek better education and go to the core countries specializing in information and high-technology production (including education). The article offers a third one - institutional and historical - perspective on international student migration. The structural connections between sending and receiving countries which support student migration are discussed. Methods of network analysis are used to examine UNESCO and Russian State Service statistics and show deep and stable canals of student migration. The results suggest that the deep migration canal direct international students from a former colony to its former imperial centre. Case-study of student migration from Kazakhstan to Russia is employed to describe the organization of international student flow on micro- and meso-level.
This article is devoted to theoretical approaches elaborated in framework of the modern concept of internal labor markets. Main focus is concentrated on within firm labor mobility, associations between job assignments and wage rates. Promotions of employee within job ladder are considered as a mechanism to improve two sided matching process of jobs and employees led to employee effectiveness and wage growth. The article uses some cases from Russian enterprise (internal and external labor market environment) to examine within firm labor mobility as an important feather of internal labor markets.
The report was prepared by Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC) within the project “Russian-Chinese Relations Development” on the basis of research including specific experience of few Russian largest universities. The authors developed a set of concrete recommendations aimed at consolidating Russia`s position in the Chinese education market as well as in the Asia-Pacific region as a whole, and strengthening Russia`s innovation potential through extension of reciprocal bilateral scientific and educational cooperation.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.