Историческое знание на современном этапе: проблемы междисциплинарного синтеза
In the article the attention is drawn to the modern paradigm shift in the social Sciences and Humanities, is associated with a number of trends in the development of knowledge of man and society. First of all, it is about acknowledging that to understand the complexity of the human system requires an interdisciplinary approach and methodology pairing of socio-humanitarian knowledge in a single complex of the «human Sciences». With the formation of the twentieth century антропоцентристской orientation of cognitive activity of the question of the phenomenon of man, became Central. It was also noted that the problems of the transformation of the historical science is closely connected with the General course of the development of scientific knowledge in General and Humanities in particular. It is across the different disciplines were born different schools (in the territorial and problematic aspect) «new history», one of the leading principles of which was to focus on the «totality» of history, which makes the centre of the historical reconstruction of the person. The author concluded that, in the renovated historical science elements of anthropology and semiotics, phenomenology and hermeneutics, sociology, psychology and other Sciences about the person», as, however, and methods of exact and natural Sciences.