Оценка устойчивости и точности модели оптимальной величины заказа (EOQ)
The problem of development of the modern theory of inventory management is relevant and one of the priority directions of development of economic science to reduce logistics costs in the supply chain and to improve their efficiency.
The article deals with the model of economic order quantity (EOQ) and its place in the inventory management theory; the base and corrected version of the model which allows differing the accounting of costs related to the current stock storage have been analyzed; the approach for the assessment of the stability of EOQ model, reflecting the deviation of total logistics costs of their optimal value depending on changes in the value of the order quantity have been proposed.
The accuracy of calculating of economic order quantity depends on many factors: how many components of the costs are taken into account and their relationship, what version of the model is selected, but primarily on the accuracy of the parameters included in it; to evaluate the accuracy of calculating the economic order quantity and, consequently, the total costs derived formulas to determine the mean values and standard deviations of these values based on the linearization of distribution functions of random arguments; for approval of the proposed dependencies the examples of calculations have been done; the possible directions of EOQ model further research have been generalized. In particular, there is need for a reasonable complexity of the model, its differentiation, without which it is impossible to bring the analytical dependences for practical applications
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management