Applying the refined values theory to past data: What can researchers gain?
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
Values are one of the most important determinants of human behavior, including creative behavior. This work is based on the view that a common predisposition to innovation can be influenced by the individual values. The participants of the research were 380 people - representatives of young (under 25) and adult generations (above 45 years). The study revealed that values "Humility", "Conformity Rules", "Security", "Tradition" form the basis of interpersonal behavior in collectivist cultures and may prevent the adoption of innovations among the adult generation of Russians. The values of "Self-Direction Thought", "Stimulation", "Achievement", "Power Dominance ", "Power Resources" stimulates the adoption and implementation of innovations among Russian youth.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.