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Regular version of the site

Working paper

Выборы в России: 1991–2008

In this paper, I review the main trends in voting in national elections in Russia since 1991, discuss the evidence of manipulation or falsification by the authorities, and use statistical techniques to examine the determinants of voting trends. The emphasis is on explaining change over time in the vote shares of different parties or groups of parties, not on identifiying social, economic, or opinion correlates of individuals’ party choice at a given point in time—a subject that has been well-studied in previous work by various scholars. My goal is to provide a relatively comprehensive introduction to the changing electoral landscape in the two decades since the birth of the independent Russian state. The paper offers a more detailed and technical examination of the evidence that is summarized in Chapter 10 of my book manuscript titled The Return: Russia’s Journey from Gorbachev to Medvedev.