Event-related potential study of P2 and N2 components on fast and slow responses in the auditory condensation task
PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ , 2016. No. WP BRP 70/PSY/2016.
Chernyshev B. V., Medvedev V.
In tasks involving response choice based on certain stimulus-to-response mappings, at least two stages of information processing may be involved: (1) formation of sensory stimulus object representations leading to stimulus identification, and (2) application of stimulus-to-response mappings (i.e. “task rules”) to these representations leading to response selection. Most of the research done in this area involved simple reflex-like stimulus-to-response mappings, thus addressing mostly the perceptual aspect of decision making. Here we used the condensation task, which involves more complex stimulus-to-response mappings. Within each subject, we divided participants’ responses into four conditions depending upon performance speed and accuracy: fast correct, fast erroneous, slow correct and slow erroneous responses. We compared event-related potentials between these conditions. We found that P2 amplitude was related to performance accuracy, the effect being evident for fast but not for slow responses. N2 amplitude was increased for slow responses – both correct and erroneous. We suggest that fast errors result mostly from erroneous sensory representations that immediately become translated into actions in conditions of low motor threshold. On the contrary, slow responses happen in conditions of low executive attention, through reevaluation of sensory representations and invocation of cognitive control process via the mechanisms of response conflict detection.
Distributed feature binding in the auditory modality: experimental evidence toward reconciliation of opposing views on the basis of mismatch negativity and behavioral measures
, , et al., NeuroReport 2016 Vol. 27 No. 11 P. 837-842
Current understanding of feature binding remains controversial. Studies involving mismatch negativity (MMN) measurement show a low level of binding, whereas behavioral experiments suggest a higher level. We examined the possibility that the two levels of feature binding coexist and may be shown within one experiment. The electroencephalogram was recorded while participants were engaged in an ...
Added: August 31, 2016
, , et al., Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2017 Vol. 11 No. 218 P. 218-1-218-16
Cognitive control includes maintenance of task-specific processes related to attention, and non-specific regulation of motor threshold. Depending upon the nature of the behavioral tasks, these mechanisms may predispose to different kinds of errors, with either increased or decreased response time of erroneous responses relative to correct responses. Specifically, slow responses are related to attentional lapses ...
Added: December 25, 2016
Feature binding under holistic object perception: the interplay of bottom-up and top-down brain mechanisms
, , et al., , in : International Congress "Neuroscience for Medicine and Psychology", Sudak, Crimea, Russia, May 30-June 10, 2017. : [б.и.], 2017. P. 446-446.
Feature binding is believed to be critical for perception, while brain mechanisms of this process are still under debate. Studies measuring mismatch negativity (MMN) demonstrate that binding occurs at a low level of the cortical hierarchy, while behavioral experiments suggest a much higher integrative level. The current study aimed at testing the hypothesis that processing of feature conjunctions ...
Added: June 30, 2017
Метод регистрации и анализа ответов испытуемых по траектории движения компьютерной мыши: можно ли сшить семь шапок из одной шкуры?
, , et al., В кн. : Когнитивная наука в Москве: новые исследования. Материалы конференции 15 июня 2017 г. : Буки Веди, 2017. С. 527-532.
Experiments involving participant’s response recording by way of pressing buttons are quite common. This simple method allows estimation of such crucial parameters as response time and response correctness. However, more detailed analysis of behavioral responses is needed in some cases. Crucial aspects within the cognitive control research field include the conflict before decision-making, error detection after response commission and internal ...
Added: June 30, 2017
, , et al., Theta, alpha and beta band modulations during auditory condensation task performance / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2017. No. WP BRP 81/PSY/2017.
Outcome of a behavioral response can be detected either internally at the time of the response commission, or externally through a feedback signal. In both cases, a number of brain networks that subserve cognitive control are recruited, all networks having certain distinctive signatures in electroencephalographic oscillations. Yet most studies in the field have several limitations. ...
Added: October 19, 2017
Feature binding in auditory modality requires attention as indexed by mismatch negativity and N2b in an active discrimination task
, , et al., NeuroReport 2018 Vol. 29 No. 4 P. 308-313
Currently there are two opposing views on feature binding in the auditory modality: according to behavioral studies, this process requires focused attention, while electrophysiological studies suggest that feature binding may be fully automatic and independent from attention. Here, we examined whether feature binding depends on higher-level attentional processes, by manipulating the attentional focus. We used ...
Added: July 6, 2018
Проявление индивидуальных особенностей темперамента в параметрах поведенческих реакций и когнитивных вызванных потенциалов в ситуации внимания
, , et al., Психологический журнал Международного университета природы, общества и человека Дубна 2012 № 3 С. 1-7
Работа посвящена изучению структуры взаимосвязей между параметрами темперамента, поведенческими данными и когнитивными вызванными потенциалами в ситуации внимания. Задача, стоящая перед испытуемыми, состояла в различении стимулов слуховой модальности при реализации методики одд-болл. Показано, что более эффективная и стабильная реакция испытуемых на целевой стимул сопровождалась рядом определенных характеристик поздних когнитивных вызванных потенциалов: меньшей амплитудой N2, большей амплитудой ...
Added: December 3, 2012
, , , Современная зарубежная психология 2020 Т. 9 № 2 С. 34-45
Perceptual learning is defined by increased effectiveness of completing perceptual tasks as a result of experience or training. This review presents the analysis of changes in the components of event-related potentials (ERPs) after visual and auditory perceptual learning in humans. The use of the EEG method, which has a high temporal resolution, makes it possible ...
Added: October 26, 2020
Сознание и внимание в современной когнитивной науке: от «зрительных ансамблей» до укрупнения перцептивных единиц
, , Петербургский психологический журнал 2016 № 17 С. 104-124
The paper traces the intersections between the problem of attention in the classical psychology of consciousness and a set of related problems discussed in the state of the art cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Among them are issues related to the demarcation between processing which could be performed without attention and processes which require attentional involvement. ...
Added: January 9, 2017
, , Вопросы психологии 2014 № 4 С. 107-117
Многие характеристики множества объектов могут быть представлены в виде сводной статистики по всему множеству. Статистические свойства рассчитываются как глобальная характеристика множества объектов при восприятии свойств отдельных объектов. Предположительно, статистические свойства множества могут быть связаны с эффективностью зрительного поиска. Проведено экспериментальное исследование на материале зрительного поиска объекта по размеру, где изучалась зависимость скорости поиска от сходства ...
Added: October 6, 2014
Cognitive control: novel brain mechanisms revealed by time-frequence analysis of the electroencephalogram under experimental tasks involving high attentional load
, , et al., , in : International Congress "Neuroscience for Medicine and Psychology", Sudak, Crimea, Russia, May 30-June 10, 2017. : [б.и.], 2017. P. 445-446.
Cognitive control includes maintenance of task-specific processes related to attention, and non-specific regulation of motor threshold. Generally, two different kinds of errors may occur, with some errors related to attentional lapses and decision uncertainty, and some errors – to failures of sustaining motor threshold. Error commission leads to adaptive adjustments in brain networks that subserve ...
Added: June 11, 2017
, , Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics 2018 Vol. 15 No. 2 P. 209-221
One of the topics in current psycholinguistics research is studying the factors affecting syntactic choice in sentence production. Previous research suggests that syntactic choice results from an interplay between linguistic and non-linguistic factors, and a speaker’s attention to the elements of a described event represents one such factor. It is a well-established fact that our ...
Added: September 25, 2018
Mismatch negativity affects muscle fatigue during repeated contraction trials of different durations
, , et al., Frontiers in Physiology 2016 Vol. 7 No. 13
We examined the effect of involuntary attention switching (related to mismatch negativity generation in the oddball paradigm) on fatigue development during trials of different durations. The experiment consisted of two trials, long (40 min) and short (15 min), and two experimental conditions in each trial: the simple reaction task (deviants-only paradigm) and the stimuli recognition ...
Added: June 4, 2016
, , et al., Condensation task as an experimental model for studying individual differences in cognitive control / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "PSYCHOLOGY". 2015. No. WP BRP 56/PSY/2015.
Successful performance in complex tasks depends upon the functioning of the cognitive control system involving the maintenance of sustained attention, retention and activation of task rules, as well as the inhibition of preliminary responses. Failure of any of these functions can lead to performance errors. In this study, we investigated behavioral data obtained from participants ...
Added: December 22, 2015
, , Российский журнал когнитивной науки 2018
This article provides a short overview of the various studies devoted to executive functions. Executive functions are “a set of general-purpose control mechanisms, often linked to the prefrontal cortex of the brain, that regulate the dynamics of human cognition and action” (Miyake, Friedman, 2012). Executive functions have gained popularity as a way to decompose into ...
Added: December 11, 2017
, , et al., Attentional Lapses under Decision-Making: an Event-Related Potential Study / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "PSYCHOLOGY". 2012. No. 6.
Added: October 21, 2014
, , et al., Acta Psychologica 2020 Vol. 208 P. 103107
Inhibition of return (IOR) represents a delay in responding to a previously inspected location and is viewed as a crucial mechanism that sways attention toward novelty in visual search. Although most visual processing occurs in retinotopic, eye-centered, coordinates, IOR must be coded in spatiotopic, environmental, coordinates to successfully serve its role as a foraging facilitator. ...
Added: October 22, 2019
, , et al., Физиология человека (перевод) 2015 Т. 41 № 4 С. 37-43
We studied the features of cognitive functions of attention and decision making in 18 healthy subjects and 15 patients with schizophrenia with the use of pairs of two short visual stimuli (double step). In the group of patients with schizophrenia, we observed a higher number of errors and higher frequency of modified saccad ic pattern ...
Added: July 17, 2015
Электроэнцефалографические корреляты мониторинга выполнения при реализации конденсационной задачи: потенциалы, связанные с событиями
, , et al., Экспериментальная психология 2020 Т. 13 № 4 С. 102-114
Performance monitoring involves detection of action outcomes and initiation of appropriate behavioral adaptations. Psychophysiological mechanisms of performance monitoring remain largely understudied in the context of uncertainty that arises at the stage of stimulus identification and decision making, as well as in the context of inhibition/correction of the motor response. In the current study, we investigate ...
Added: October 31, 2022
Background Gamma Activity in the Electroencephalogram as a Measure of the Level of Sustained (tonic) Attention during Execution of the “Active Oddball” Paradigm in rabbits
, , et al., Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology 2012 Vol. 42 No. 6 P. 567-574
Tonic brain activity has significant influences on the nature of a subject’s responses to target sensory stimuli. We report here studies of the dynamics of the background activity in the gamma-rhythm range of the EEG in rabbits during execution of an “active oddball” paradigm modified for animals – a task widely used for studies of ...
Added: December 6, 2012
Когнитивный контроль: новые мозговые механизмы, выявленные с помощью частотно-временного анализа электроэнцефалограммы при выполнении экспериментальной задачи с высокой нагрузкой на внимание
, , et al., В кн. : Когнитивная наука в Москве: новые исследования. Материалы конференции 15 июня 2017 г. : Буки Веди, 2017. С. 393-397.
Cognitive control includes specific maintenance of sustained attention to a stimulus and non-specific regulation of a motor threshold. Failures in each system lead to different types of errors, associated with attentional lapses and uncertainty or dysfunction of the motor threshold. Subsequent adaptive adjustments can be implemented through two different mechanisms, depending on the type of error. Two experiments were ...
Added: June 30, 2017
Влияние состояния «ухода в свои мысли» на выполнение слуховой конденсационной задачи: поведенческий анализ в рамках парадигмы когнитивного контроля
, , , Психология. Журнал Высшей школы экономики 2017 Т. 14 № 1 С. 167-177
The state of mind wandering is related to complete or partial detachment of attention from external information. Under this state, attention switches from the ongoing primary task towards unrelated thoughts, fantasies and feelings. Current understanding of the role of cognitive control in the initiation and sustaining the state of mind wandering is ambiguous, and specific ...
Added: August 31, 2016
, , , The Influence of Happiness and Anxiety on Emotional Stroop Effect / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2022. No. 131.
The main aim of this study was to examine how happiness and anxiety influence emotional Stroop effect. According to the principle of emotion congruence, information processing is facilitated if its emotional tone matches an individual’s mood. The first hypothesis suggested that emotional Stroop effect would be greater with stimuli incongruent with a participant’s emotional state. ...
Added: June 14, 2022
Мозговые механизмы когнитивного контроля: электроэнцефалографическое исследование с применением частотно-временного анализа.
, , et al., В кн. : Материалы XXIII съезда Физиологического общества им. И. П. Павлова (18-22 сентября 2017 г., г. Воронеж). : Воронеж : Истоки, 2017. С. 980-982.
Cognitive control is a set of processes that are responsible for flexible goal-directed behaviour. We did a series of electroencephalographic experiments during the auditory condensation task. The findings obtained allow distinguishing three brain networks that carry out adaptive processes after error commission. We also show that increased response time is associated with lower level of ...
Added: October 27, 2017