The Parents' Values of Early Childhood Education and Care in Russia: Toward the Construction of Evaluation Tools
Высшая школа экономики , 2015. No. 26/EDU/2015.
This article describes the development of tools for parental evaluation of the quality of services in municipal kindergartens. The parents’ point of view is required as part of a complex evaluation of the quality of educational services in order to make an evidence-based educational policy. We emphasize the importance of a preschool educational institution and its complex role in the implementation of the principles of the welfare state: it has not only an educational, but also a social function, providing governmental support to families with children. This statement is discussed in the literature review which emphasizes the importance of full day educational services. These services allow parents of preschool children to exercise their right to work, as well as perform the socializing role of a kindergarten. Qualitative methodology was used in the research. The empirical base of the study is 30 in-depth interviews with mothers as more involved part of parents. The results show that parents understand the service provided by a kindergarten as a complex, aimed primarily at daytime children’s education and development in a specifically organized educational space, performed by professional educators. The greatest parental value is children’s opportunity to "learn how to communicate", to resolve conflicts and to find compromises, and to relate their behavior with group-mates and peers. The second most important value of education in a kindergarten is the development of life skills, surviving with routines, as well as the associated skill initiative. At the same time, the main professional competence of the educator is seen in their ability to create a positive emotional climate, an atmosphere of openness for the realization of a child’s individuality and to create a space for comfortable communication with parents.
, Социологические исследования 2014 № 11 С. 83-90
The review of the current situation in the sphere of preschool education in Russia is taken in the article. The weak aspects of municipal preschools are analyzed, and prospects of further development of the nongovernmental sector are defined. Based on 30 in-depth interviews with leaders of different nongovernmental child centers in three Russian cities, the ...
Added: October 7, 2014
, Социологические исследования 2018 № 3 С. 77-85
The importance of studying childhood as a self-sufficient object of social practice is debated in the paper. A review of the formation of this direction in sociology is offered, basic principles are designated. The empirical part of the work is devoted to the study of kindergarten as a special life world for children. Special attention is ...
Added: February 28, 2018
Разработка методики родительской оценки качества услуг муниципального детского сада (на примере г. Москвы)
, В кн. : Дети и общество: социальная реальность и новации. Сборник докладов на Всероссийской конференции с международным участием. : М. : Российское общество социологов, 2014. С. 389-394.
The research is aimed to elaboration of the tools to measure the parental evaluation of the municipal preschool service, as a part of complex evaluation of preschool sector of education. The research needs are related to increasing number of types of preschool service providers, appearing nongovernmental providers, competition growing, including municipal sector. On the qualitative ...
Added: January 29, 2015
The Parents’ Values of Early Childhood Education and Care in Russia: Discovering the Dimensions via Coding and Category Clustering
, The Qualitative Report 2017 Vol. 22 No. 12 P. 3314-3333
In this study I explore parents’ perceptions of kindergarten as a social institution for the provision of early childhood education and care (ECEC). Global reforms of this important part of the welfare state are a starting point for the research. Redefining welfare ideology and minimizing the social burden on the state leads to the public ...
Added: December 26, 2017
Family Background and School Choice in Cities of Russia and Estonia: Selective Agenda of the Soviet Past and Present
, , et al., Studies of Transition States and Societies 2016 Vol. 8 No. 3 P. 5-28
In this article, we demonstrate the size of family background eff ects in various regions of Russia and Estonia, concentrating on urban and rural diff erences, addressing the idea that the family background effect is moderated by school level admission policies. Having common path-dependent educational institutions from the communist period, the countries diff er in ...
Added: December 4, 2016
When the Future Came. The Collapse of the USSR and the Emergence of National Memory in Post-Soviet History Textbooks
Stuttgart : ibidem Verlag; Columbia University Press, 2019
This captivating volume brings together case studies drawn from four post-Soviet states—Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova. The collected papers illustrate how the events that started in 1985 and brought down the USSR six years later led to the rise of fifteen successor states, with their own historicized collective memories. The volume’s analyses juxtapose history textbooks ...
Added: April 20, 2020
, Азия и Африка сегодня 2017 № 7 С. 43-47
The article discusses the dialogue between the cultures of Russia and Japan in the post-Soviet period. Despite the complex relations at the state level, characterized by mutual distrust of parties, as well as significant differences in interpersonal relations between Russians and Japanese, a cultural dialogue continues between Russia and Japan, based on mutual interest of ...
Added: July 30, 2017
Россия и Восточная Азия через 70 лет после окончания Второй мировой войны: доклады, представленные на III международной конференции молодых востоковедов в ИДВ РАН (Москва, 11—12 ноября 2015 г.)
М. : ИДВ РАН, 2016
The proceedings of the III International Scientific Conference of Young Orientalists, which was held at the Institute of Far Eastern Studies in November 2015, cover different aspects of the development of the countries of Northeast Asia and their cooperation with Russia. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the current state and prospects of ...
Added: October 6, 2019
, Мониторинг общественного мнения: Экономические и социальные перемены 2014 № 5 С. 165-173
The practices of multi-actor child care is described and analyzed in the article. The empirical base is survey of Muscovites with children of 3 to 5 years old in November 2012. The results of the research have showed the significance of the kindergarten services as the institutional service that allowed parents to continue their professional ...
Added: October 10, 2014
, Полис. Политические исследования 2019 № 4 С. 119-131
The article presents the results of the study based on the data of the 2012 European Social Survey. The author analyzed the correlation between the population’s attitude towards democracy and the assessment of the importance of its individual aspects (“understanding” of democracy). The analysis was carried out on data from Russia and groups of European ...
Added: November 28, 2018
, Мониторинг общественного мнения: Экономические и социальные перемены 2019 № 6 С. 91-110
All the members of education al community recognize the importance of critical thinking. It is also of highest importance for the job market for which people are often prepared by higher education institutions. The challenge facing these institutions is to raise an adequate level of critical thinking among university graduates. Nevertheless little research aimed to ...
Added: January 14, 2020
Anomie And Alienation In The Post-Communist Area: A Reapplication Of The Middleton Scale In Russia And Kazakhstan
, / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2015. No. WP BRP 32/PSY/2015.
Unlike commonly used, anomie and alienation not only have different theoretical backgrounds, but also different indicators and predictors. I examine the highly institutionalized alienation scale originally introduced by Middleton (1963), reapplied as a measurement of alienation (Seeman, 1991) and anomie (Huschka and Mau 2005, 2006) in a very relevant context for an anomic situation – ...
Added: February 20, 2015
Gender Equality in Preschool STEM Programs as a Factor Determining Russia’s Successful Technological Development
, Russian Education and Society 2017 Vol. 59 No. 3-4 P. 206-216
The article discusses the importance of introducing training programs for preschool children that allow them to master basic knowledge in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM subjects) as an academic basis for the technological transition that is currently taking place in the modern world. It is shown that when preschool students study STEM subjects, it ...
Added: February 1, 2018
, , , Journal of Language and Education 2017 Vol. 3 No. 4 P. 27-35
This is a qualitative study of candidates’ motivation to take BEC exams and their expectations towards the exam results, which was conducted at the Cambridge Exam Preparation Center in a Russian university. The research dataset comprised 33 participants who took part in faceto- face in-depth semi-structured interviews. Overall, candidates show a positive attitude to BEC ...
Added: January 1, 2018
Alternatives to State Approaches in Turkey and Russia: The Politics of Memory and Civic Activism in Comparison
, , , Caucasus Edition: Journal of Conflict Transformation 2019 Vol. 4 No. 2 P. 36-67
This study focuses on different forms of civil memory activism and their broader consequences in two neighboring powers in the South Caucasus: Turkey and Russia. Civil memory activism is crucial not only for opening up a novel space for dealing with the past but also for strengthening civil society and non-state initiatives. Moreover, the notions of ...
Added: September 30, 2020
Cambridge : Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014
This collection of essays, all by Russian scholars, is the first of its kind to address a broad English-speaking audience. It presents the theories and methodologies employed by Russian national historiography to make sense of Russian gender and women’s history. The essays in this volume discuss women’s and gender history in Russia, highlighting sensitive areas ...
Added: November 27, 2014
Making Politics Attractive: Political Satire and Exposure to Political Information in New Media Environment in Russia
, , , / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2018. No. WP BRP 63/PS/2018.
There is an extensive body of research devoted to how political satire affects political knowledge and political behavior. Extant studies are focused on political satire in democratic countries and do not pay enough attention to authoritarian regimes. This study extends this research to non- democratic regimes, while also adding to it by exploring the extent ...
Added: November 22, 2018
, Early Childhood Research Quarterly 2018
The paper explores how children's opinion on the routine practices in kindergarten can help to realize further steps in the preschool development. The thematic focus is the kindergarten as the space of day care and teaching, where children recognize the escribed norms and social order and realize their goals and desires in the space of ...
Added: April 15, 2018
, Чуждоезиково обучение. Научно-методическо списание 2012 Т. 39 № 1 С. 60-67
In terms of interaction, Russian and Chinese cultures are considered as semiotic spheres to study. The article demonstrates the study of three ‘waves’ of Russian-Chinese intercultural communication, three periods of strengthening and developing of the dialog between the two cultures: the 20ies, 50ies of the XXth century as well as the boundary XXth-XXIst centuries. The ...
Added: December 10, 2012
, Social & Political Philosophy eJournal 2012 Vol. 5 No. 185
The article offers a broad historical overview of the university policy of the Russian state. It suggests that such a general picture could shed some fresh light not only on the role of the state in shaping the Russian university model throughout two and a half centuries, but also on the way of its functioning ...
Added: December 26, 2012
, International Social Work 2014 Vol. 57 No. 5 P. 459-469
Based on the 2008 data from ESS, the article analyses the attitudes of Russians towards state social policy, and compares their opinions with those of populations in selected European countries. The research identifies the factors affecting social attitudes toward welfare policies. Results suggest that Russians believe that the majority of social support functions must be ...
Added: October 14, 2014
Россия 2030 глазами молодых ученых / Материалы V Всероссийской конференции (Москва, 5 апреля 2013 г.). Сборник.
М. : Научный эксперт, 2013
Представленные в настоящем сборнике доклады отражают взгляд на разнообразные сторо ны экономического, социального, политического, духовного и идеологического развития стра ны, включая ее текущее состояние и будущие перспективы. Доклады публикуются в авторской редакции. Издание адресовано всем, кому небезразлично будущее России, кому интересен взгляд мо лодых ученых, устремленный на десятилетия вперед. ...
Added: July 7, 2016
, Образовательная политика 2012 № 6 С. 34-53
In 2012 the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), for the first time in the history of large-scale assessments, included a new type of problems called “interactive problems”. This article will analyze the problems. The research area behind it is the psychology of complex problem solving in a complex multi-factor environment which involves search, experimenting ...
Added: November 16, 2013
Perfectionism as a Predictor of Anxiety in Foreign Language Classrooms among Russian College Students
, , et al., Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies 2018 No. 18 P. 127-146
This study examined perfectionism as a multidimensional personality factor which influences foreign language learning and classroom anxiety. Hierarchical regression analyses confirmed that the two dimensions of perfectionism, adaptive and maladaptive, relate to Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety (FLCA) differently. After controlling for the effects of general anxiety, perceptions of academic performance, and self-reported English fluency, perfectionistic discrepancy (maladaptive aspect) was a ...
Added: December 13, 2018