Knowledge life cycle management as a key aspect of digitalization
Digital transformation of organizations became a significant research and engineering challenge worldwide. Implementing such a transformation requires not only a change in the technical equipment of the enterprise, but also developing new methods of knowledge life cycle management which include extraction of individual, interpersonal or organizational knowledge to explicit machine-readable forms and their conscious application during enterprise reengineering. Successful accomplishment of these tasks vitally relies on a rigorous scientific theory and formal methods. This work presents a new approach to knowledge life cycle management of different forms of knowledge based on combination of ontology engineering and evolvable domain-specific languages.
In article the approach to creation of the formal description of the metalanguage, used for development of visual domain-specific languages of information systems modeling, based on directed pseudo-metagraphs, is considered. Using graph models for formal metalanguage definition of system MetaLanguage allows to describe its properties, to develop algorithms of horizontal and vertical metamodels and models transformation.
A century ago, Taylor published a landmark in the organisational sciences: his Principles of Scientific Management. Many researchers have elaborated on Taylors principles, or have been influenced otherwise. The authors of the current paper evaluate a century of enterprise development, and conclude that a paradigm shift is needed for dealing adequately with the challenges that modern enterprises face. Three generic goals are identified. The first one, intellectual manageability, is the basis for mastering complexity; current approaches fall short in assisting professionals to master the complexity of enterprises and enterprise changes. The second goal, organisational concinnity, is conditional for making strategic initiatives operational; current approaches do not, or inadequately, address this objective. The third goal, social devotion, is the basis for achieving employee empowerment as well as knowledgeable management and governance; modern employees are highly educated knowledge workers; yet, the mindset of managers has not evolved accordingly. The emerging discipline of Enterprise Engineering, as conceived by the authors, is considered to be a suitable vehicle for achieving these goals. It does so by providing new, powerful theories and effective methodologies. A theoretical framework is presented for positioning the theories, goals, and fundamentals of enterprise engineering in four classes: philosophical, ontological, ideological and technological.
In modern world enterprises need to be agile in their operation and structure to react to changes quickly. One of the open questions here is how to develop the enterprise, or, to be more precise, if enterprise needs to be developed, and if yes, in which way. In this research we are focusing on the case when enterprise stakeholders understand the need of enterprise development, have ideas for that, and they need decision support method to understand if enterprise restructuring is likely to be successful and cost effective. Another covered topic is how to choose the best option for restructuring from variety provided. In this paper we describe the developed decision support method which combines DEMO methodology and transaction costs theory for quantitative costs estimation. To make this method applicable and reproducible we proposed few enhancements to DEMO notation.
t h TEE (Transformation & Engineering of Enterprises) series of workshops is an evolution, and merger, of the successful PRET series of events and the AppEER workshop . The scope of the TEE series includes both the original scopes of PRET and AppEER ( www.tee-series.org ). Modern day enterprises are in a constant state of flux. New technologies, new markets, globalisation, mergers, acquisitions, etc. are among the "usual suspects" triggering enterprises to transform themselves in order to deal with these challenges and new realities. Such transformations might e.g. take the form of top-down and premeditated efforts, but might also occur as numerous small changes that emerge bottom-up in an apparently spontaneous way. The TEE workshop approaches enterprise transformation from a multi-disciplinary perspective. Transformation & Engineering of Enterprises involves the use of methods and techniques from business process management, business engineering, business-IT alignment, organizational change management, governance, business transformation, enterprise architecture, enterprise modelling and ontologies, and information systems engineering. The mission of the TEE series is to tee-off and foster research concerning engineering based instruments (methods, languages, analysis techniques, principles, patterns, etc.) that will enable enterprises to transform with confidence. As a field of study, enterprise transformation requires a close interaction between practice and academia. However, it is in industrial practice where challenges can be found that may fuel and inspire researchers. The series appreciates narratives and analysis of real-life situations, such as case studies. In addition, the series is open to papers that consider these topics from a theoretical stance, as well as papers that combine these practice and theory. Nevertheless, all papers should take the needs of enterprise transformation in practice as their point of reference. CBI 2014 also saw the emergence of two related workshops in the area of enterprise modelling and engineering. the LABEM (Lowering the Adoption Barrier of Enterprise Modelling) workshop and the Workshop on Enterprise Engineering Theories and Methods (WEETM). We are happy to announce that in 2015, LABEM, TEE and WEETM will merge under the TEE banner, with the joint support of the Enterprise Engineering Team ( http://www.ee-team.eu/ ) and the CIAO! research network ( http://www.ciaonetwork.org/ ). The future TEE workshops will aim to attract papers in domains including: Enterprise Transformation & Innovation; Enterprise Engineering and Architecting and Enterprise Modelling. Case reports on transformation & engineering of enterprises will be another essential domain for papers submitted to TEE. Stay tuned on the TEE website ( www.tee-series.org ) for news and updates on domains and topics relevant for TEE. Wolfgang Molnar Hend
An effective management of enterprises is impossible without using tools of modeling and analy-sis of business processes. Used modeling tools should be available for different categories of users, system analysts and business analysts participating in creation and study of models. One more require-ment is diminution of operation laboriousness of the analysts through reuse of the developed models for the solution of different tasks, upon transition from one stage of operations to another where other mod-eling means are applied. Domain specific modeling with DSM-platforms, intended for development of domain-specific languages and models, and also for execution of their transformations according to needs of users, can become a basis of such means. Use of DSM-platforms allows to expand expressive facilities of existing languages, to create new languages "focused" on the solution of certain tasks in specific domain. There are many DSM-platforms, but the analysis showed that all of them have the re-strictions that are essential from the point of view of considered tasks. The requirements to languages and means of business modeling are described in the paper. New opportunities the MetaLanguage DSM-platform, increasing performance of analysts operation, are presented.
Tools of the DSM-platform MetaLanguage for creation of domain specific languages and for multilevel modeling are described. The transformations definition facility provides lower labor consumption for languages development and for model transformations.
In paper the methods of model transformations created by means of visual modeling languages is considered. The detailed analysis has allowed to reveal existing problems in this area and to formulate approaches to their elimination.