Is there a place for a crowdsourcing in multilateral global diplomacy? Searching for a new museum definition: ICOM versus the world of museum professionals
This chapter explores the practice of crowdsourcing in global governance as a tool of multilateral diplomacy to interrogate its exact role and place in decision-making processes. It focuses on media discourse analysis of the public debates concerning the new definition, focusing mostly on the international Anglophone media and on the blog posts written by museum professionals. Conducive to cultural diplomacy stewardship and the cooperative engagement of the professional museum community, International Commission of Museums (ICOM) strives to tackle cultural engagement challenges and promotes “creativity, innovation, and systematization in this field of inquiry and practice”. The museum definition has traditionally been a part of the ICOM statutes and its revision “is a formally regulated process. The crowdsourcing exercise proved that online participants were highly motivated, interested, and engaged museum professionals who took the challenge with great enthusiasm and commitment.
Contemporary museums of memory are united by an important social function of perpetuation and edification, but each museum is contextual and creates its own form of representation, rhetoric, and a measure of performance memory of past events. Describing and understanding specific genres as social actions in a particular social and political context allows researchers to explore museums more effectively. A prerequisite for this efficiency is perhaps the performativity of current styles of museum exposition, as well as tracking the resonance as a response to the coherence of the content and form of museum practice. Thus, a museum visitor is not only an object of a directed museum narrative that has social and rhetorical-moralizing tasks, but also a subject resonating in interactive commemoration mode, experiencing and emotionally responding to a participant in the interaction. So, the object of this article is emotions and affects, generated intentionally or spontaneously in relation to plots of institutionalized commemoration. Empirical cases, designed to illustrate the production of emotions and affects, will cover a wide repertoire of commemoration - from restrained to pathetic, museum and extramusean, imposed and spontaneous.
The term digital diplomacy which is used alongside with terms internet diplomacy, social network diplomacy and WEB 2.0 diplomacy, was initially applied to the US foreign policy only. In particular, it implied wide use of new information and communication technologies including the new media, social networks, blogs and other media platforms in the internet. Today digital diplomacy programs have been conducted not only by the USA but also by a number of other states. How do things work in Russia? — starts her article the researcher at MGIMO University.
The First World War became a watershed in the European and world history. 100 years after the outbreak of the Great War historians continue to debate a role of this milestone event in the development of European civilization. The authors of the monograph try to make their own contribution to this discussion.
Designated for historians and for all those interested in the history of early twentieth-century Europe and Russia.
The emergence on the Russian market of new forms of sales and services, like online-shopping, has formed a new sphere of communication - client/customer service to the actual and potential clients/customers by email. This area is actively developing in Russia for the last 10 years. On the basis of the analysis of the examples of e-mails, sent to the real people by the customer services of 115 different companies, the author formulates the main trends of the use of forms of address in this sphere.
The present article considers the process of the formation, development and weakening of the world order based on the American hegemony. The ori-gins of the current world order are analyzed. The article presents the analysis of the characteristic features and methods applied by the USA to maintain their position in the world. The author shows how globalization has become more favorable for developing countries than for the developed ones. The gradually forming conviction in the inevitable weakening of the US leadership positions is also analyzed. The article describes the characteristics of the current situation in international relations as a situation of a started reconfiguration of the World-System. The latter should mean the coming of the epoch of turbulence and formation of new coalitions. There will take place a transition to a more sustainable world order which will be a difficult task. The second article will consider the direction and ways of the formation of this new world order, the possible principles and mechanisms of its establishment.
The article examines the main aspects of the existence of confidence and mutual suspicion in the modern system of international relations. To study this phenomenon the authors resort to a review of the opposite variants of its manifestations — in conflict and full consent. The paper also attempts to link the phenomenon of confidence to the plurality of interests in the modern development of diplomatic relations, as well to its psychological foundations.