Latecomer Countries in the Age of Digitalization: Case of Russian Manufacturing
The relationship between material technologies and the organisation needed to use them has tantalised practitioners and fascinated theorists. This paper shows the craft-orientation of theatre performance production, analysing how a show is made through organisation, and how this craft sensibility affects the propensity to adopt new digital technologies amidst increasing pressures to do so from arts funding organisations. Using a novel process-mapping method not before applied to the cultural sector, the paper reveals how the many roles of theatre production including Directors, Set Design, Production Management, and specialist functions like sound, light and wardrobe integrate their work using traditional boundary objects and largely craft practices. The paper argues that this craft sensibility together with scepticism for mediated communication partially explains the apparent reticence of Performance Arts organisations to adopt digital technologies. Any initiative to encourage adoption needs to recognise these practices and values.
The article reviews the problems of using an electronic document (i.e. legally significant computer information) as a necessary tool for building a digital economy. This problem becomes of special importance in terms of implementation of distributed computing in the interests ofmodern technologies, including Big Data,Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, Industry 4.0,Industrial Internetof Things,Virtual and Augmented Reality technologies, etc. The authors showthat in case of development and adoption ofthe Law "On Electronic Document", we can link the concepts of "Electronic Document" and "Data Message", and can identify several categories of Computer Information (Electronic data interchange) having asignificance: specified Computer data, traffic data, stored Computer data, traffic data,content data.
The article reviews the problems of using an electronic document (i.e. legally significant computer information) as a necessary tool for building a digital economy. This problem becomes of special importance in terms of implementation of distributed computing in the interests of modern technologies, including Big Data, Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, Industry 4.0, Industrial Internet of Things, Virtual and Augmented Reality technologies, etc. The authors show that in case of development and adoption of the Law "On Electronic Document", we can link the concepts of "Electronic Document" and "Data Message", and can identify several categories of Computer Information (Electronic data interchange) having a significance: specified Computer data, traffic data, stored Computer data, traffic data, content data.
The article analyzes problems of planning research and technological development. We consider two lines of theoretical concepts of planning, i.e., economic and mathematical versus empirical and evolu tionary. Problems of the statistical basis for constructing economic and mathematical models of scientific and technological development are studied in detail. The example of Russia is used to show that the weakness of the theoretical framework of planning leads to inconsistencies in government priorities of scientific and tech nological development.
The topic of organizational change became quite popular in recent publications of researchers and practitioners all over the world. This interest can be explained by growing market turbulence and highly dynamic development of technologies that dramatically change landscapes of particular industries. Companies that fail to change in accordance with those new trends, or cannot foresee those trends and change before they become real, are condemned to quick death. Most academic publications in this area are focused on the process and mechanisms of conducting changes in organizations, and in many cases they proceed from several simplifications related to availability of personnel of certain qualification and irreversible nature of particular changes. In this regard, many authors who try to simulate the process of organizational change under ideal conditions of the theory, reach a deadlock in practical situations when the process of implementing changes cannot even be started because it is not possible to recruit specialists of required qualifications and skills. In many cases because of the time pressure it is not even possible to provide existing specialists with additional training. Thus, it is easy to see that while simplifications cannot be implemented, and indeed these are 90% of cases of real businesses, the value of theoretical advancements in the field of practical organizational change is decreased. All this leads to the situation when theorists and practitioners exist in parallel worlds and are quite skeptical about each other’s activity. Authors of the paper for a number of years combine research and academic activity with practical managerial work on Russian plants. The paper examines particular specifics and conditions of conducting necessary changes in organizations which are “not equipped” with employees of needed qualification and there are limited opportunities to improve the situation because of the tight schedule of changes. Results of research conducted by authors will be essential, first of all, for small and medium businesses that function under considerable limitations of internal and external organizational resources.
The case presents the project “Epsilon-2”, the construction of a plant that provides machine processing of aircraft elements produced of various metal alloys parts in Khabarovsk region. The project is initiated by the Russian Energy Group of Companies. The case includes the information concerning peculiarities of the company’s development, description of the Russian aircraft and machining markets, and main business models used in these markets. The project will allow the company to fill a market niche, but the high cost of the project, market risks and unstable economic situation in Russia in 2014 forced the top managers to rethink the project feasibility.
The case is appropriate for students enrolled in undergraduate and graduate programs, as well as during other programs on the general courses “Marketing”, “Management”, “Marketing strategy”, “Marketing management”. Courses focused on the management and marketing that will consider such fields as market analysis, competitive strategy, business models and value creation is also relevant.
The case aims to attain the following learning outcomes: to analyze the sources of competitive advantage; to analyze the value creation process; to assess the competitive position and ways in which business can develop; to identify the existing and potential competitors; to adopt the managerial decisions in the field of strategic management and strategic marketing in industrial companies.
This monograph focuses on the nature of factors and mechanisms of the innovation processes in the Regional innovation systems with catch-up type of economy. The monograph shows that the further development of cooperation of innovation entities and the development of technological entrepreneurship in the regions of Russia is impossible without a planned and systematic processes of regionalization of the innovation business ecosystem.
The monograph substantiates that the state-owned private Regional Center for Incubation and Acceleration and the multifunctional state Single Regional Investment Fund should become the basis for the development of the ecosystem of innovative entrepreneurship in the region of the country.
The monograph is intended for researchers, graduate students, students specializing in the field of innovation management, as well as managers and decision makers who are responsible for the development of regional innovation systems.
The collection contains articles that were published as a result of the work of the 7th International Scientific Interdisciplinary Conference on Research and Methodology Institute of Foreign Languages (RUDN University). The main goal of the conference - to reveal the diversity of functional aspects of intercultural communication within the process of world education integration, to focus on translation and interpreting issues in the conditions of the modern society.