The article analyzes the specifics of urbanization dynamics in Egypt, which is noteworthy for a number of reasons. First, there was a shift from the logistic trend in the 1970s, and the share of urban population stopped growing. The UN data analysis shows that such a shift usually occurs against the background of very serious economic difficulties (and other problems associated with them). However, the urban population proportion stopped growing in Egypt when the country was experiencing a period of exceedingly rapid economic growth. We find labor migration of unprecedented scale to be the main reason which engendered this seemingly paradoxical situation. We further proceed to analyze the UN forecast on the dynamics of the Egyptian urban population proportion up to 2050, which implies a return to the logistic trend and rapid growth of the urban population share, which is fraught with socio-political instability risks. However, we present data proving that the logistic urbanization trajectory is not inevitable for Egypt, and the destabilization risks connected with the rapid increase of urban population share are largely irrelevant to Egypt in the forecasted period.
This monograph deals with migration issues in Europe. The authors examine how migration affects the social and political situation in the European Union and point out difficulties in integrating immigrants in the EU Member States. They analyse the normative base of the EU immigration policy and consider new proposals in combating illegal migration as well. Challenges for the Russian immigration policy are also in the focus of authors’ attention. Experts define specific features of labour immigration to Russia and characterise different channels to attract foreign workers. The latest changes in the Russian immigration law, a case of the Southern Federal District in the context of Russian immigration policy, applicability of the EU’s experience and the EU-Russia cooperation in migration are also observed. In conclusion the authors express their concern over the fact that even with existing programmes, laws and institutions immigration policy in different parts of Europe is still lacking efficiency.
The chapter contains a review of labour migration trends and migration policies in the area of the Commonwealth of independend states.