Internal Market Orientation: an empirical study in the context of small and medium business organisations in Russia
The key purpose of this this study is to investigate the role of Internal Market Orientation (IMO) and its impact on job satisfaction and employees’ commitment in a research context of the small and medium business organizations operating in emerging economy, which represents a different multifaceted cultural setting as well. The results of completed research exhibit an ample empirical evidence for the IMO concept proficiency for small and medium businesses in a divergent business and cultural environment. One of the main findings is the positive influence of IMO on job satisfaction and on employees’ commitment to the job.
In the coming decades in the process of globalization the position of the USA and Europe will weaken, while the role of developing countries will increase. The role of the two largest emerging economies – China and India – will be of special significance. What future will these fast-growing giants face? The demographers agree that pretty soon India will lead the world in population and thus surpass China, while China will encounter serious ageing population problems. But economic and political scenarios of the future are quite different: from resounding success and world leadership to collapse caused by demographic and socio-political troubles. Which of them is more feasible? In the present article I analyze the Chinese and Indian development models separately and comparatively and make a forecast of their perspectives in the 21st century. Such an analysis could be helpful for understanding Russia's ways of development
In the coming decades in the process of globalization the position of the USA and Europe will weaken, while the role of developing countries will increase. The role of the two largest emerging economies – China and India – will be of special significance. What future will these fast-growing giants face? The demographers agree that pretty soon India will lead the world in population and thus surpass China, while China will encounter serious population ageing. But economic and political scenarios of the future are quite different: from resounding success and world leadership to collapse caused by demographic and socio-political troubles. Which of them is more feasible? In the present article I analyze the Chinese and Indian development models separately and comparatively and make prognosis of their perspectives in the twenty-first century. Such an analysis could be helpful for understanding Russia's ways of development.
A huge increase in engineering graduates from the BRIC countries in recent decades potentially threatens the competitiveness of developed countries in producing high value-added products and services, while also holding great promise for substantially increasing the level of global basic and applied innovation. The key question is whether the quality of these new BRIC engineers will be high enough to actualize this potential. The objective of our study is to assess the evolving capacity of BRIC higher education systems to produce quali“ed engineering graduates. To meet this objective, we compare developments in the quality of undergraduate engineering programs across elite and non-elite higher education tiers within and across each BRIC country. To assess and compare the quality of engineering education across the BRIC countries, we use multiple sources of primary and secondary data gathered from each BRIC country from 2008 to 2011. In combination with this, we utilize a production function approach that focuses on key input-, process- and outcome-based indicators associated with the quality of education programs. Our analysis suggests that in all four countries, a minority of engineering students receives high quality training in elite institutions while the majority of students receive low quality training in non-elite institutions. Our analysis also shows how the BRIC countries vary in their capacity to improve the quality of engineering education.
The aim of this study was to investigate the conformity of the classical industrial model of social and labor relations current configuration of these relations in the small and medium business. Results were based on an analysis of empirical data characterizing significant specificity of the last model.
This paper offers a novel comprehensive conceptualization of Energy Technology Foresight (ETF) in emerging economies, including development trajectories, key methodological tools and elements, major challenges and weaknesses. ETF allows the emerging economies to provide the basis for government's energy policy, to create a common vision among the various actors and to strengthen R&D and innovation basis in the energy sector.
The author presents five basic premises to conceptualize the ETF approach in emerging economies: the need to take into account higher risks and uncertainties; integration of foresight outcomes in national and corporate strategic planning; constant revision of ETF methodology; dominance of economic, technological and security considerations; and the inability to catch-up with the energy technology development of the world leaders. Three case-studies (Russia, Brazil and China) of ETF in emerging markets are presented to illustrate and substantiate the conceptual approach.
The paper is of interest for researchers that are involved in future studies, as well as decision-makers, who commission such studies and use their outcomes to advance the policy processes and documents.
In the article the concept of precariousness in labor relations is being developed. Presented a review of sociological theory that studies the precariousness of work and employment. On the materials of the two databases, 22 waves of the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey and research of the behavior of employees of small and medium businesses in Nizhny Novgorod labor market was identified the development of precarious labor relations. It is noted the tense economic situation of the analyzed group, reducing the value of the work to the level of wages, willingness to change jobs even in case of small increases in pay. Was fixed a significant proportion of workers who experience anxiety regarding the possible loss of a job, lack of sense of stability and confidence in the near future of the majority of employees in small and medium business. However, the majority consider their situation as more or less satisfactory, close to the average in the background of their own environment.