Горизонтальная мобильность: урбанизация, дезурбанизации и сельско-городские сообщества
This reader contains a collection of scientific works, speeches given at various conferences, Internet-based articles and other works thematically related tothe Ugory project carried out by the Society of Professional Sociologists (SoPSo). Such issues as the current state of rural communities in the Near North of Russia, the protection of the natural environment and cultural heritage, the natural reproduction of capital, the prospects of migration of the urban'creative class' to the countryside and its subsequent work in a remote access are discussed in this reader. The collection of scholarly works has aninterdisciplinary character and brings together social scientists, economists, social geographers, specialists in the field of public administration, as well asevolutionary biologists and ecologists. In the articles of this reader, the prospects of development of the Near North of Russia, especially the Kostroma region, are explicitly outlined. The reader is intended for scientists in related disciplines, undergraduate and graduate students, as well as the residents of the Middle North of Russiawho are interested in the future of their region.
The results of a comprehensive study of the socio-economic, socio-geographical, ecological, socio-cultural and demographic processes occurring in Near North European part of Russia. The current state of urban and rural areas, the problem of the crisis of agriculture, power dynamics, natural attrition and migration, the ways of adaptation to the new socio-economic conditions of the past twenty years. The problems of business development and the role of urban summer residents in the preservation of dying villages, especially info-communication and media consumption of rural residents. The questions of biodiversity, natural and social capital of the region, the provision of ecosystem services. Possibilities of recreational use of the Trans-Volga and development of ecological tourism. The controversy over the impact of globalization on the rural economy and society, a trend towards the revival of economic and social archaism. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the situation in the area Manturovsky Kostroma region, and especially in Ugory-Leontiev rural settlement, which became the main testing ground for interdisciplinary research "Ugory project."
The authors discuss social and demographic processes in the rural regions of the Russian Near North and, first of all, in the Kostroma region – one of the socially problematic regions in the Russian Federation. In the article, the attention is focused on the analysis of mechanisms and assessment of scales of the depopulation: high mortality, migration of youth and middle aged people to the cities, deformations in age and gender structure with prevalence of the elderly population and a small share of children. The authors state essential distinctions of demographic indicators between municipalities in the Kostroma region and emphasize importance of social and demographic research on a basic municipal level. Indicators of the low life expectancy, high mortality caused by external reasons (alcoholism, murders, suicides, etc.), and high migration of youth are seen as the objective indicators of social problems in the local communities. It demands special attention on the part of the government authorities that plan social programs and take administrative decisions.