12 Solutions for a New Education: Report by the Center for Strategic Research and the Higher School of Economics
Human capital is produced primarily by the education system. Today it is the most important factor in the development of economy and society. By investing in human capital, economic growth rates above the average world-level can be achieved, which is necessary in order to strengthen Russia’s positions in the context of increasing global competition. The report proposes 12 projects, aiming not only for the development of education, but for making a decisive contribution to the “breakthrough” of the country in economic, social and technological development by activating the creative potential of the Russian population as a whole and self-realization of each individual. The ultimate result of all the proposed 12 solutions will be a steady increase in the quality of life of the Russian people.
The primary purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of existing education solutions for IoT and develop proposals for their improvement. The study draws analysis of current conditions of the educational IoT sphere, a comparative analysis of educational products used for teaching of undergraduate students. With that the article describes the architecture of our own software and hardware platform for learning IOT. Moreover, this paper reviews methods and technical instruments employed to design software and hardware appliances.
Abstract— Applicants often do not choose technical education because of the difficulty of this sphere or the lack of engineering knowledge and real engineering practices that is so important. This issue opens up a new development space for educational software for the beginners and non-professional users. Such problem as the difficulty of choosing and obtaining an engineering education is considered. This paper presents an investigation of the electrical circuits and development of a program module for the schemes’ analysis that could be easily embedded in educational establishments. Existing technics for analyzing electrical schemes were observed and the most effective one was chosen. The main goal was reached by using the WPF technology of .NET Framework. Altogether, the research provides a simple instrument for circuit analysis that gives some helpful information about electricity and the circuitry. It automates verification of practical tasks and exercises made by students and allows to refuse the use of complex electrical stands. Furthermore, the developed application can be integrated into the educational system as a tool for teaching staff and development of popularity for technical specializations.
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 5th European Conference, EMOOCs 2017, held in Leganés, Madrid, Spain, in May 2017.
The 23 full and 10 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 53 submissions. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have marked a milestone in the use of technology for education. The reach, potential, and possibilities of EMOOCs are immense. But they are not only restricted to global outreach: the same technology can be used to improve teaching on campus and training inside companies and institutions.
The problem of emotional development, not only cognitive, is entering into education system step-by-step. The concept of emotional intelligence pushes into the traditional educational (“knowledgeable”) model of teaching students: to know about their emotions, to differentiate the emotions of others. Complementing it by the idea of getting control over emotional self-regulation. The idea of building education on a subject-activity basis, with an understanding personality development in its integrity (including the emotional aspect), means involving students in activities with the task of developing the ability of self-regulation. Self-regulation of learning calls for the mastering self-reflection of motivational-emotional sphere. There is a natural connection between the development of intrinsic motivation, self-regulation, emotional involvement and insistence in achieving training target. The development of differentsides of personality by separate courses will lead nowhere. It’s more required the restructuring of educational system on an activity basis and the change of teacher training practise, not leading up the additional courses for the development of emotional intelligence. This will require the development of the teacher’s emotional intelligence; the development of the teacher’s understanding of the patterns of the emotional and social aspects of the child’s holistic development in ontogenesis; the mastering by teacher the methods of organizing educational practice taking into account the integral development of the student’s personality. Such teacher training will allow solving the tasks of social and emotional development of students not within the framework of autonomous training courses that increase the student’s workload, but during the implementation of basic training courses, the emotional and motivational involvement of students in which is important both for learning success and for their personal development.
In this monograph I consider the role of institutional entrepreneurs –“projectors” in transferring organizational forms and building new secular school in Russia in the first half of the 18th century. During the period from the beginning of Peter I’s reforms until the accession of Catherine II, the institutional landscape of education in Russia has changed quite drastically. Pre-Petrine and the early Petrine schools were, in essence, pre-modern institutions: a “school” was conceived as a set of students gathering around an autonomous “master”-teacher and his "apprentices". By the time of Catherine II’s accession, however, Russia had a number of recognizably modern schools that differed little in their structure from the classical schools of the 19th century. These institutions were regulated by written instructions mandating, among other things hierarchical organization of faculty and staff; functional delineation of duties; regulation of the learning process and daily behavior of pupils and teachers; formal procedures for assessing and monitoring the students’ achievements and conduct. These schools were designed not just for training, but for achieving internalization by pupils of prescribed patterns of behavior and thinking to be attained through detailed modeling of their daily life and special organization of school space, including a pupil’s isolation from the outside world and constant monitoring. Separate chapters of the book to come out as a result of this project are devoted to the key episodes of implementing these new organizational forms. In the process, we propose a model of constructing the institutional landscape of modernity “from below,” not as the product of abstract “state policy,” but as an outcome of diverse efforts of individual actors, “institutional entrepreneurs,” for whom the introduction of these new organizational forms was a means to realize their own career strategies in competition with other courtiers and bureaucratic players. In the course of this project, we reconstruct the process of transfer of new organizational forms in education in Russia in the first half of the 18th century; demonstrate the role of key players in this process, their motivations, the social, financial, administrative and symbolic resources available to them, and their modes of action; reveal the competitive environment in which they operated; clarify the role of the monarch and the state apparatus in introduction of new organizational forms; identify factors affecting sustainability of new organizational forms. As a result, we propose a model and typology of institutional entrepreneurship as applied to early modern period and demonstrate its relevance to a wide range of countries beyond Russia.
The paper addresses the questions of data science education of current importance. It aims to introduce and justify the framework that allows flexibly evaluate the processes of a data expedition and a digital media created during it. For these purposes, the authors explore features of digital media artefacts which are specific to data expeditions and are essential to accurate evaluation. The rubrics as a power but hardly formalizable evaluation method in application to digital media artefacts are also discussed. Moreover, the paper documents the experience of rubrics creation according to the suggested framework. The rubrics were successfully adopted to two data-driven journalism courses. The authors also formulate recommendations on data expedition evaluation which should take into consideration structural features of a data expedition, distinctive features of digital media, etc.
Traditional annual international scientific and methodological conferences held by the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation in partnership with the Council for professional qualifications of the financial market and the International Association of financial and economic education organizations are devoted to the harmonization of education and labor market requirements, the quality of educational programs, including educational technologies and teachers ' qualifications and their impact on the portrait of the future graduate — competitive, professional and in demand. The collection presents the reports of the participants of the conference "Smart technologies in education: portrait of a graduate 2020" (22-24 March 2017) and "Education of the future: new personnel for the new economy" (22-23 March 2018).
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.