12 Solutions for a New Education: Report by the Center for Strategic Research and the Higher School of Economics
Human capital is produced primarily by the education system. Today it is the most important factor in the development of economy and society. By investing in human capital, economic growth rates above the average world-level can be achieved, which is necessary in order to strengthen Russia’s positions in the context of increasing global competition. The report proposes 12 projects, aiming not only for the development of education, but for making a decisive contribution to the “breakthrough” of the country in economic, social and technological development by activating the creative potential of the Russian population as a whole and self-realization of each individual. The ultimate result of all the proposed 12 solutions will be a steady increase in the quality of life of the Russian people.
This paper discusses the role of higher education institutions within the framework of the knowledge triangle between academic education, scientific research and innovation, as it has gained importance in recent years as a framework for innovation policies especially in the OECD and Europe. First, complementary concepts of universities’ outreach activities and extended role model such as ‘third mission’, ‘triple helix’, ‘entrepreneurial or civic university’ models and ‘smart specialization’ are reflected against their fit with the concept of the knowledge triangle, also with respect to new requirements for university governance. Second, a new understanding of spillovers between public sectors research and the business sector according to knowledge triangle is presented.
Abstract. Background: Digital content is a key part of a Digital University, which is becoming more relevant to meet the requirements of the digital world. Traditional universities should in fact “reinvent themselves”: they need to switch quickly from the usual focus on managing the learning process (program portfolio) to managing the educatinal experience of the target audience, whose expectations of the personalized, adaptive and 24/7 format of interaction with the learning system become more natural. Design/Methodology: Transformation affects organiza-tion, processes, people, including educational content and the ways to present it. The paper reviews the key aspects of a digital university with the main focus on digital educational content and explores different perspectives of the digital content. Objective: This paper outlines the generalized model of the digital education and suggests the application of a digital platform for the innovative educational purposes by the example of the idea of the digital “SuperBook” press. Results: The authors of the paper propose the concept of an innovative SuperBook web-service, which can be used on the basis of a digital university and can provide great opportunities to students to use digital content. Conclusion: The research gives a better insight in transformation process of the educational content. This research can be used as a basis for further transformation to a digital university. An analysis of the current trends of the digital university and the research of the interested parties showed that the SuperBook technology platform will be in demand in the academic field.
The article analisys and discusses the potential of using digital technologies during the process of achieving the key competencies in a lifelong perspective, that were formulated by the European Commission (2018). The main idea of the article is to consider a distinguished model of digital technologies towards education, which is taken as a prism for achieving qualitative changes in the key areas of society. This work is the first stage of the study of the goals and opportunities of the digital transformation in education for lifelong perspectives and outcomes in key areas of society (economic, political, social and individual spheres).
The collection contains reports of participants of the conference "International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2019" and reflects modern aspects of interdisciplinary research in the field of land use.
The article considers the library as the information component of the education environment and other educational establishments. The analysis new trends in the development of university’s libraries caused by digital economics. The importance of participation of libraries and librariance in the development of e-learning materials and training information literacy to the teaching staff in specially pointed out
Purpose. The purpose of this work is the development and testing of a program for assessing the effectiveness of training for employees of a consulting organization. Design. The first stage aimed to study the parameters of effective training (contextual part of the model). On the second stage to develop on the basis of selected parameters the methodology for assessing the effectiveness of training at several levels. There are: affective, cognitive, behavioral (hierarchical part of the model). approbation of the methodology for evaluating the effectiveness of training and determining its validity. Methods. We used semi-structured interview, moderation sessions, survey, and testing. Processing of the results was performed using the method of content analysis, statistical processing was performed using SPSS. Sample: employees of consulting company N, the total number of 201 people. Results. A contextual-hierarchical model for evaluating the effectiveness of training was developed. Parameters of effective training for employees of a consulting company were identified. A methodology for evaluating the effectiveness of training by a consulting company, including three blocks, was developed and tested. Recommendations on the application of this technique in further work were given to the customer. Application: The developed methodology can be used to assess the effectiveness of training in consulting companies. Limitation: the methodology was created for the consulting company however the created assessment model and recommendations may be useful to developers of similar instruments in companies with different profile.
This article describes the dynamic optimization model with human capital as a group educational characteristic (along with these groups population) and as the main factor of their production. The main feature of this model is inequality in qualification which leads towards the run for the middle as unlinear dynamics of educational effectiveness for different groups. The research of the simulation model in one specific regime allowed to describe two different scenarios. They include the development of the groups and run for the middle dynamics. These results allow stating conceptual usability of the model for real society dynamics description.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.