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Почекаев Р. Ю. Вестник Оренбургского государственного педагогического университета. Электронный научный журнал. 2019. № 2. С. 202-216.

The article is a study of specific interaction between regional administrations of the Russian Empire which participated in the accession of Caspian Sea regions of Central Asia to Russia — Caucasian namestnichestvo (region ruled by governor general), Orenburg Governor-Generalship, Turkestan Governor-Generalship. The author finds that the effectiveness of Russian imperial policy in Central Asia depended in many respects on the personal relations of regional rulers, their ambitions and pretensions on the key role in the realization of this policy. Orenburg governor general N. A. Kryzhanovskiy understood that the role of his region in the accession of Central Asia to Russia was quickly diminishing, while Caucasian governor general Grand Prince Mikhail Nikolaevich and Turkestan governor general K. P. von Kaufman, on the contrary, competed for leadership in the accession of the Eastern Caspian region to Russia and didn’t want to concede; their conflicts resulted in actions contradictory to the position of the neighboring region and, finally, in weakening of the position of Russia among Turkmen. At the same time state authorities didn’t stimulate the confrontation of the regions (as some researchers suppose), but attempted to coordinate their actions to change them into partners.

Added: Jul 10, 2019