Structural analysis of junior schoolchildren’ intellectual abilities
This paper aims to undertake a structural analysis of intellectual sphere of junior scoolchildren that is conditioned by the synthesis of intellectual abilities and some personality traits in a whole structure. For experiment the complex of indices (intellectual abilities and personality traits) has been identified to study the intellectual development in schools. To draw a whole the single intercorrelations of a single intellectual ability and personality trats have been systematized to integral structures of intellectual activity. In keeping with this aim some abilities and traits that are systematizing within the structure of schoolchild’s intellectual activity have been defined.
The article reveals the genesis of the concept of «individuality». Also provides a description of the essential qualities, given their correlation with the personal qualities of the Big Five. We introduce three methodological principle of personality description, an example of identity based on the basic qualities.
Big History has been developing very fast indeed. We are currently observing a ‘Cambrian explosion’ in terms of its popularity and diffusion. Big History courses are taught in the schools and universities of several dozen countries, including China, Korea, the Netherlands, the USA, India, Russia, Japan, Australia, Great Britain, Germany, and many more. The International Big History Association (IBHA) is gaining momentum in its projects and membership. Conferences are beginning to be held regularly (this edited volume has been prepared on the basis of the proceedings of the International Big History Association Inaugural Conference [see below for details]). Hundreds of researchers are involved in studying and teaching Big History.
We introduce the original software tools for building and analysis of the stratified system of structural complexity and similarity models. The models are based on the characterization of placement of fragments in a system topology. The software tools are implemented as a subsystem of the integrated research environment «Graph Model Workshop» and are used in studies of equality and tolerance relations of various graph models of systems.
структурное сходство, структурная сложность, структура, программный комплекс, графовая модель системы
structural analysis, structural complexity, structure, software package, graph model of system
In reports discussed are the current problems related to research of languages foe specific purposes and texts (terminology, terminography, dictionaries and translation), development of structural analysis methods of text (mathematical models), the conceptions and instruments of the development of national and specific text corpuses.
The problem of optimizing the size of municipalities in order to achieve the greatest administration efficiency is raised. The results of socio-economic survey of five small villages in Slovakia are sited, basing the identification of the factors that contribute to and limit the process of merging small municipalities.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.