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Of all publications in the section: 17
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Article
Khavenson T., Ekaterina Orel, Tryakshina M. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2012. No. 46. P. 2126-2129.

In this paper we discuss the process of adapting a tool for measuring statistics anxiety (Survey of Attitudes towards Statistics (SATS 36)) in Russia. Our sample consists of 253 political science, sociology, and psychology students in statistics courses. The internal consistency of the Russian SATS is 0.94, however there are some differences in factor structure between the original and the adapted scale.

Added: Sep 6, 2012
Article
Lobacheva E. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013. Vol. 86 . P. 373-378.

An automated real-time classification of human functional states is an important problem for stress resistance evaluation, supervision over operators of critical infrastructure, automated teaching and phobia therapy. In this paper we propose a novel method for binary classification of functional states based on the integrated analysis of (peripheral) physiological parameters: galvanic skin response, respiratory rate, electrocardiographic data, body temperature, electromyographic data, photoplethysmographic data, muscle contraction. The method is based on Gradient Boosted Trees algorithm. A testing of the method showed that in case of stress vs. calm wakefulness differentiation a reliability of the method exceeds 80%.

Added: Nov 26, 2015
Article
Galatenko Y. N. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013. Vol. 86. No. C. P. 373-378.

An automated real-time classification of human functional states is an important problem for stress resistance evaluation, supervision over operators of critical infrastructure, automated teaching and phobia therapy. In this paper we propose a novel method for binary classification of functional states based on the integrated analysis of (peripheral) physiological parameters: galvanic skin response, respiratory rate, electrocardiographic data, body temperature, electromyographic data, photoplethysmographic data, muscle contraction. The method is based on Gradient Boosted Trees algorithm. A testing of the method showed that in case of stress vs. calm wakefulness differentiation a reliability of the method exceeds 80%.

Added: Oct 15, 2013
Article
Tkhostov A., Rasskazova E. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013. Vol. 86. P. 536-542.

This paper analyzes opportunities of application of the self-determination theory to the compliant behavior and describes the process of development and validation scale for measuring compliance-related causality orientations in the normative sample. Experts’ appraisals demonstrated that in clinical settings controlled causality orientation could be divided into two subscales: controlled by doctors and controlled by others subscales. Empirical data (N=246 students) supports internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha .76-.79), test-retest reliability and factor validity of the scale. All the subscales correlate with general controlled orientation subscale as well as relevant subscales of General Causality Orientation Scale. Controlled by doctors and impersonal causality orientations were negatively related to health-related quality of life. Compliance-Related Causality Orientations Scale correlated with retrospective appraisals of last episode of somatic illness (subjective interference with other domains, fear of future complications, fear of more severe illness, subjective ability to follow chosen treatment. Although testing prospective validity of the scale is a challenge for future research, the scale could be useful to study motivational factors of compliant behavior both in the normative and clinical samples.

Added: Nov 22, 2013
Article
Kornienko D. S. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2016. No. 233. P. 343-347.

This article investigates the role of child temperament and mother’s personality in maternal relation to child. Basing on

theoretical ideas and empirical evidences we proposed that parental personality is associated with parenting directly but this

association also interacts with child temperament. Mother’s (N=110) completed EPI to assess extraversion and neuroticism.

Mother’s relation to child was assessed with the Parent-child interaction questionnaire on five subscales: Positive relation to

child, Control, Mildness, Consistency and Confidence. Child temperament was rated by mothers using the Carey

Temperament Questionnaire. According to the results obtained a mother’s neuroticism and extraversion don’t predict the

relation to child. Child temperament plays a more important role: Adaptability and Quality of mood are predictors for most

mother’s relations to child characteristics. Together Threshold of responsiveness and Distractibility predict mother’s Control.

Results of this study are generally consistent with those outlining the influence of infant temperament on parent relation to

child.

Added: Feb 21, 2017
Article
Bastiaanse R., Dragoy O., Avrutin S. et al. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013. Vol. 94. P. 179-180.

Agrammatic speakers have problems with grammatical encoding and decoding. However, not all syntactic processes are equally problematic: present-time-reference/who-questions/reflexives can be processed by narrow syntax alone and are relatively spared compared to past-time-reference /personal pronouns/which-questions that need additional access to discourse and information structures to link to their referent outside the clause (Avrutin, 2006). Linguistic processing that requires discourse linking is difficult for agrammatic individuals: reference to the past is more difficult than to the present (Bastiaanse et al., 2011). The same holds for which-questions compared to who-questions and for pronouns compared to reflexives (Avrutin, 2006). These results were found in different populations in different languages. In the current study for the first time we tested all conditions within the same population. The research questions were:

Are agrammatic and fluent aphasic speakers impaired in discourse-linked processes? Are discourse-linked processes similarly impaired in the domains of time reference, Wh-questions and pronouns/reflexives?

The results show that processing discourse-linking is not only affected in agrammatic but also in fluent aphasia. The effect was even larger in this fluent aphasic population and only in this group it is was visible in all three conditions. Such similar performance in agrammatic and fluent aphasia are in line with Bastiaanse & Edwards (2004) and are interpreted by assuming that complex linguistic operations are more difficult when language is impaired due to brain damage. We do not assume that the underlying deficit in both populations is similar, but we think that different underlying deficits affect similar grammatical operations. We assume that in agrammatic aphasia grammatical decoding is impaired, whereas in fluent aphasia lexical access is compromised. For optimal sentence comprehension, both processes should be impeccable, otherwise complex syntactic operations, for example the ones that require discourse processing, are not comprehended correctly.

Added: Nov 17, 2013
Article
Kozintseva E., Skvortsov A., Vlasova A. V. et al. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013. Vol. 94. P. 183-184.

In this study a reorganization of the writing disorder dependent on the cultural content of writing tasks in patients with Wernicke s agraphia was revealed.

Added: Dec 6, 2013
Article
Emelin V., Tkhostov A., Rasskazova E. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013. Vol. 86. P. 530-535.

In this paper, based on the psychological model of consequences of info-communicational technology use [1] we study the role of two factors – change in needs (the need for development of image making by technology, the need for convenience and functionality) and transformation of psychological boundaries (subjective extension and subjective violation) – in the excessive use of technologies in the normative population (N=254, 17-77 years old). Specifically, we focus on the use of two gadgets (mobile phones and computers) – and one technology (the Internet). Hierarchical regressions were used to predict the two aspects of the excessive use – subjective feeling of dependence and subjective readiness of refusing from technologies. There were different patterns of correlations between age, gender and excessive use for mobiles, the Internet and computer. Frequency of use was unrelated to the excessive use. Psychological factors significantly improved all the models explaining 10-22 percent of the variance in subjective dependence, and 6-25 percent of the variance in readiness of refusing. Both technology-related changes in needs (especially need for “cool”, stylish or expensive gadgets) and psychological boundaries extension affect the excessive use of technologies although the contribution of each factor depends on technology in question. Data allows suggesting possible psychological mechanisms participating in the development of the excessive use of technologies.

Added: Nov 22, 2013
Article
Fedor O. Marchenko, Matveewa L. V., Makhovskaya O. I. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2016. Vol. 233. P. 455-458.

The article is devoted to the problem of co-use of video games by children and their parents. The object of our investigation are father’s strategies of mediation of children video gaming within culture-historical approach and activity theory ( L.S. Vygotsky, A.N. Leontiev, P.Ya. Galperin). Despite some authors regard fathers as main protagonists of media use among family members, their role in co-use of video games still requires more through exploration. We assumed that family structure and relative position of father in it affect the strategies of mediation of children’s video gaming activities. 30 fatherchild dyads were chosen for in-depth interviewing. To evaluate father’s position within family structure we developed and used a graphic method “Family Model”. Collected data allowed to map out three groups of fathers and corresponding strategies of mediation of video gaming.

Added: Dec 5, 2016
Article
Rivlina A. A. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2016. No. 236. P. 207-212.

This paper deals with the new sociolinguistic phenomenon of global English-related digraphia, or the use of the Roman script, commonly associated with English, to represent local languages alongside the native scripts. In non-English speaking communities, script alternation does not always coincide with language alternation; speakers of local languages creatively broker the resources provided by the Roman alphabet, without necessarily switching into English. The paper aims to investigate Roman- Cyrillic biscriptal practices, such as script-switching (nonce transliteration), script-mixing (grapho-hybridization) and script- ambiguation (bivalent graphic forms), the factors contributing to Roman-Cyrillic script manipulation and the socio-pragmatic purposes of its use in modern Russia are.

Added: Dec 23, 2016
Article
Kuptsova S., Dragoy O., Ivanova M. et al. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2012. Vol. 61. P. 291-292.

Inefficient lexical processing has been found in both fluent and non-fluent aphasia, although different underlying mechanisms were proposed for those two clinical populations (Prather et al., 1997). Individuals with non-fluent aphasia were suggested to have delayed initial lexical activation, while problems of individuals with fluent aphasia concerned inhibition of irrelevant activation. The current study was designed to further tap into the time course of lexical processing in non-fluent and fluent aphasia. Specifically, lexical ambiguity resolution was investigated using an eye‐tracking‐while‐listening paradigm.

Added: Nov 19, 2013
Article
Strizhova E., Гусев А. Н. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013. No. 86. P. 551-556.

The article features a new assesment technique of work motivation diagnostics based on the concept of motivational task. A motivational task is a tool for self-appraisal of the field of motivational objects allowing further reconstruction of motivational space. The conditions of the motivational task resolution have been implemented in the assesment procedure named Motivational Map. The diagnostics procedure consists in multiple visual appraisal of 16 motivational objects (J.Nuttin) within a dimensional graphic space determined by 6 evaluation scales. Approbation of new assesment technique was conducted on a sample of 206 financial specialists. Collected results were compared with the scores received with the help of standard questionnaires. The results of psychometric verification of validity and reliability are presented in the article.

Added: Feb 10, 2014
Article
Laurinavichyute A., Dragoy O., Ivanova M. et al. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013. Vol. 94. P. 116-117.

The present study employed the visual-world paradigm with eyetracking to discriminate between two versions of the reordered access model - namely, whether meaning frequency and context affect (a) speed of lexical access or (b) the relative weight of simultaneously accessed meanings. The time course of lexical access and meaning integration were studied in 3 groups of Russian speaking participants: 36 individuals in control group as well as 16 individuals with non-fluent and 8 with fluent aphasia. The results allow to confirm psychological reality of the first version, since in balanced ambiguous words contextual bias influences the speed of lexical access. In addition, it was found that healthy population and participants with non-fluent aphasia are affected by the contextual bias even after processing information that resolves ambiguity.  

Added: Oct 15, 2013
Article
Asmolov A. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2016. No. 233. P. 27-34.

The following article is an introduction to the project “The Psychology of Modernity: Challenges of Uncertainty, Complexity, and Diversity”. The article discusses motives behind the creation of this project and the construct of «Psychology of modernity». There are different features of modernity described; a special focus is on the mechanisms of generating uncertainty in development of open structures. A hypothesis is formulated about the evolutionary meaning of art and religion in the invention of modernity. The article recognizes the role of historical-evolutionary methodology of interdisciplinary cognition as an integrative program of psychology, which allows the latter to enter into constructive dialogue with a broad range of sciences of nature, society and humanity.

Added: Feb 8, 2019
Article
Shadrikov V. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013. Vol. 86. P. 301-307.

This paper aims to undertake a structural analysis of intellectual sphere of junior scoolchildren that is conditioned by the synthesis of intellectual abilities and some personality traits in a whole structure. For experiment the complex of indices (intellectual abilities and personality traits) has been identified to study the intellectual development in schools. To draw a whole the single intercorrelations of a single intellectual ability and personality trats have been systematized to integral structures of intellectual activity. In keeping with this aim some abilities and traits that are systematizing within the structure of schoolchild’s intellectual activity have been defined.

 

Added: Jun 11, 2013
Article
Bazarov T., Konyaeva A. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013. Vol. 86. No. 10. P. 59-63.
The problem of the research: the need to identify current and future challenges for organizations and business [1,2] the comparison of the views of the consultants and clients on the borders of the problems, determination of ways of harmonizing interests [3]. A 2 questioning was organized in November-December 2011. Practicing organizational psychologists - 108 specialists (54 from Russia and 54 from Ukraine) were polled as well as top-managers and owners of companies (totally 343 respondents: 93 from Russia and 250 from Ukraine). The results of questioning allowed to define the problem field, zone of actual and future necessities of organizations and to designate the themes of long- range organizationally-psychological researches and projects, corresponding to the queries of clients.
Added: Nov 19, 2013
Article
Ivanova M., Kuptsova S., Dragoy O. et al. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013. Vol. 94. P. 101-102.

There is converging evidence that there are cognitive nonlinguistic deficits in aphasia and that these cognitive nonlinguistic deficits tend to exacerbate the language impairment of persons with aphasia.  For instance, concurrent memory load or on-going interference (even when it is non-linguistic in nature) strongly affects accuracy and speed of linguistic processing in aphasia (Murray, 1999).  Generally, the more attention is required to perform a language task, the harder it becomes for individuals with aphasia (Hula & McNeil, 2008).  Further, reduced memory capacity negatively impacts language comprehension in aphasia (Wright & Fergadiotos, 2012).  Still much remains unknown about joint impact of various cognitive mechanisms or their differential influence on language processing depending on the type of aphasia. The goal of the present study was to investigate the simultaneous influence of different cognitive mechanisms (memory, attention, speed of processing) on auditory language comprehension in individuals with fluent and non-fluent aphasia. 

Added: Nov 1, 2013