Статистика науки: переход на международные стандарты
Collected artictes contain papers of master students from Saint-Petersburg State University of Economics, Ural State Economic University, Ryazan State Radio Engineering University, Saint-Petersburg State University, Novgorod State University named after Yaroslav the Wise, the Cracow University of Economics (Poland), Bulent Ecevit University (Turkish Republic) and other universities on current problems and prospects of development of the Russian Federation and cooperation with other countries in the current socioeconomic conditions. Materials of interuniversity conference has an interest for researchers, graduate students, undergraduates and students as well as professionals in the field of economics, finance, management, marketing, commerce, quality and logistics, tourism, sociology, public municipal management, linguistics and law.
In this Chapter the author analyzes the process of formation of the regulatory foundations of occupational safety and health on the international level and in Russia, including the historical context, contemporary conceptual approaches to its regulation, its relation to the relevant international standards, peculiarities of the governmental policy in the field, corporate regulatory initiatives and respective pressing problems.
This Chapter is devoted to the study of the emergence and development of the international regulation of social security, its modern scope and specifics, as well as basic international principles, rights and freedoms in this sphere.
The author analyzes the features of the Russian law school, in particular, considering the difference in the interpretation of the "rule of law" and "law-bound state" concepts , the differences in lawyers mentality and circumstances of the experts selection process in competent state bodies.
As an example of the interpretation differences the author provides a detailed analyzes of the Russian Constitutional Court decision on the constitutionality of the treaty between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Crimea on the adoption of the Republic of Crimea to the Russian Federation and the formation of new subjects within the latter.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.